Presentation on theme: "By S. Boyd Revised by S. Gerdel. Portfolio Requirements To conclude your reading of The Outsiders, you will be required to complete a portfolio analysis."— Presentation transcript:
By S. Boyd Revised by S. Gerdel
Portfolio Requirements To conclude your reading of The Outsiders, you will be required to complete a portfolio analysis of the book. You will be given a file folder for this project. Portfolio front-page expectations include your name, title, and picture related to the book. You can create this picture or print one out at home and bring to school to attach to your front-page. Complete all of the expectations as indicated on the following slides. Neatness and clarity will count as part of the grade. Skip lines between each answer. Part of this assignment will be completed with a partner(s), however that simply means the discussion of the answers is with the partner, many answers may be different when written. Each person must have own answers.
By the time she was 17 years old, Susan Eloise Hinton was a published author. While still in high school in her hometown--Tulsa, Oklahoma--Hinton put in words what she saw and felt growing up and called it The Outsiders, a now classic story of two sets of high school rivals, the Greasers and the Socs (for society kids). Because her hero was a Greaser and outsider, and her tale was one of gritty realism, Hinton launched a revolution in young adult literature.
Since her narrator was a boy, Hinton's publishers suggested that she publish under the name of S. E. Hinton; they feared their readers wouldn't respect a "macho" story written by a woman. Hinton says today, "I don't mind having two identities; in fact, I like keeping the writer part separate in some ways. And since my alter ego is clearly a 15-year-old boy, having an authorial self that doesn't suggest a gender is just fine with me."
Today, more than twenty-five years after its first publication, The Outsiders ranks as a classic, still widely read and one of the most important and taboo-breaking books in the field. Finally, someone was writing about the real concerns and emotions of a teenager. The Outsiders marked the beginning of a new kind of realism in books written for the young adult market, and Hinton's next four books followed suit.
She wrote her second book while she was in college at the University of Tulsa, studying to be a teacher. But "I don't have the nerve or physical stamina to teach," she says. "I did my student teaching, but I couldn't leave the kids and their problems behind me; I'd go home and worry about them. I think people who are good teachers do one of the most important jobs there is; I can't praise them highly enough."
David Inhofe, who is now her husband, was her boyfriend then and was instrumental in helping her get her second book written. Hinton was suffering from writer's block. Inhofe refused to go out with her at night unless she wrote two pages during the day, and slowly but steadily over four months, she compiled the manuscript that became That Was Then, This is Now, a story of drugs, delinquency, and a tough kid making a tough decision. She and David were married in 1970; the second book was published in 1971.
Section I: Author Facts On a piece of paper write Author Facts then answer the following questions. *1. After reading the previous slides, write down three of your favorite facts about the author S. E. Hinton. *2. Which fact surprises you the most? Explain.
The Outsiders is a book that shows that “beneath the trappings of madras or leather, individual hearts have much in common.”
"Nothing Gold Can Stay" by Robert Frost Nature's first green is gold, Her hardest hue to hold. Her early leaf's a flower; But only so an hour. Then leaf subsides to leaf. So Eden sank to grief, So dawn goes down to day. Nothing gold can stay.
Section II: Interpreting the Frost poem On a piece of paper write Poetry Interpretation-”Nothing Gold Can Stay” then answer the following questions in complete sentences. *1. What do you think the poem, “Nothing Gold Can Stay” means? Use at least two direct quotes (lines) from the poem in your answer of 4-6 sentences. 2.Johnny writes a note to Ponyboy and places it in Ponyboy’s book, Gone With the Wind. The note explains Johnny’s interpretation of “Nothing Gold Can Stay.” What is his interpretation?
Section III: Conflict Conflict-the main problem(s) the character faces *Conflict helps move the story along. Without conflict there is no plot. There can be more than one conflict present in a book or story. There are two main types of conflict: Internal and External An internal conflict is just that– a conflict that takes place internally. This is better known as character vs. self. An external conflict is a conflict that can be seen physically. We know external conflicts as character vs. character, character vs. nature, and character vs. society.
Section III: Conflict Character vs. Nature Character vs. Society Character vs. Self Emotions Character vs. Character Protagonist vs. Antagonist
Section III: Conflict On a piece of paper write Conflict then answer the following questions. *1. Define Conflict. Conflict-the main problem(s) the character faces *Conflict helps move the story along. Without conflict there is no plot. There can be more than one conflict present in a book or story. *2. List the four subtypes of conflict. *3.List the TWO main types of conflict from The Outsiders
Section IV: Plot Development in The Outsiders Plot is defined as the action of a story. Conflict is a central component to the plot of any story. -Without conflict, there is no plot. -Conflict helps to move the plot along. - There can be more than one conflict present in a book or story.
Section IV: Plot Development in The Outsiders On a piece of paper, write Plot Development then answer the following questions. 1.On your paper define plot. Plot is defined as the action of a story. 2.What three things does the conflict do within the plot? 3.What is the major conflict in The Outsiders? 4.List several minor conflicts in The Outsiders. 5.What scene is the climax of the plot? Describe it briefly. 6. How is the major conflict resolved?
Section V: Character Development An author typically uses 5 methods for revealing a character. We learned 4 of them as S.T.A.R. The 5 th component is the Narrator’s direct statements regarding the character. S-Says: What the character says (showing = indirect characterization), and what other characters say about them. T-Thoughts: What the character thinks (showing = indirect characterization), and what other characters think about them. A-Act: How the character acts (showing= indirect characterization), and how other characters act around them. R-React: How the character reacts to situations and to other characters, and how other characters react to that character (ex. If John locks his doors when he sees Jane walking down the street, that can be a clue that Jane isn’t trust worthy. (showing= indirect characterization). + Narrator’s statements- descriptions of the character’s physical traits and personality (telling=direct characterization) On a piece of paper, write Character Development then answer the following question. *1. Read about Characterization below and list three of the five methods an author uses to reveal a character’s personality.
Section V: Character Development in The Outsiders Continued On your Character Development page, continue by answering the following questions. *2. Which ones does S.E. Hinton use? *3. Make a T-Chart of major and minor characters in the Outsiders. Think carefully about which list to put each character in. 4. List at least two conflicts experienced by Ponyboy, and label them as internal or external.
Section V: Character Development in The Outsiders Continued 5. What characterization methods are used to portray Ponyboy? 6. What is Ponyboy’s character like initially (in the beginning of the book)? 7. What forces cause Ponyboy to change?
Section V: Character Development in The Outsiders Continued 8. What is Ponyboy like after he changes? 9. What is the turning point in Ponyboy’s character development? 10. Write a detailed sentence describing each of the following characters (can answer after reading ch. 1-6): Ponyboy Johnny Soda Darry Dally Two-bit Cherry
Section V: Character Development in The Outsiders Continued 11. Why is Johnny such a nervous boy? 12. How do the other characters feel toward Johnny? 13.What is Ponyboy’s family situation? 14.Name 5 differences between the Socs and the Greasers. Write in complete sentences.
Section VI: Setting in The Outsiders On a piece of paper, write Setting then answer the following questions. 1.On your paper define setting. Setting is defined as the time and place of a story’s events. 2.What is the setting of The Outsiders? 3.How does the author establish the setting? 4.Could this story take place in another setting? Why, or why not? Explain in a detailed paragraph.
Section VII: Theme What exactly is this elusive thing called theme? The theme of a fable is its moral. The theme of a parable is its teaching. The theme of a piece of fiction is its view about life and how people behave. In fiction, the theme is not intended to teach or preach. In fact, it is not presented directly at all. You extract it from the characters, action, and setting that make up the story. In other words, you must figure out the theme yourself. Theme is defined as a more generally stated topic concerning a passage’s main ideas. Theme is the meaning released by the work when we take all aspects of the work in its entirety into account. It is an aspect of human experience that the author wishes to express.
Section VII: Theme in The Outsiders On a piece of paper, write Theme then answer the following questions. 1.On your paper, define theme. Theme is defined as a more generally stated topic concerning a passage’s main ideas. 2.Describe at least three themes expressed in The Outsiders that can be applied to our everyday life (place a star by the most important).
Section VIII: The Outsiders Study Questions: On a piece of paper, write Study Guide then answer the following questions in healthy paragraphs of 5-7 sentences for each question. 1. Ponyboy comments that self-defense is the only good reason for fighting. Do you agree? Why, or why not? 2.Sodapop insists that if he, Darry, and Ponyboy don’t have each other, they have nothing. Do you agree? Why, or why not? 3.Some critics say that The Outsiders is too sentimental. Do you agree? Why, or why not? 4. Discuss the violence in The Outsiders. How do you define violence? Do you object to it? Why do you think the author included it? 5. Explain why you do, or do not agree with Johnny’s message to Ponyboy.
Section IX : Literary Terms that apply to The Outsiders On a piece of paper, write Literary Terms then answer the following questions: A. Look up each term below. Read about it, then: *1. DEFINE IT *2. Provide an example of the term from the book and cite your example correctly. a. allusionh.symbol b. atmospherei. tragedy c. dialect d. dialogue e. flashback f. irony g. point of view (3 types)
Section X: Vocabulary Development in The Outsiders On a piece of paper, write Vocabulary Development then answer the following questions. *1. Below is a list of vocabulary words found in The Outsiders. For each word— a)find the page and skim until you locate the word b)write the sentence that the word is used in. c)Based on the context clues of the word is used in the sentence, make up a definition of it d)look up the word in the dictionary. Write the definition that is appropriate for the way the word is used in the novel. unfathomable sagelyroguishlyincredulous Quaveredruefully conviction premonition aghast stupor vaguely indignant eluded subsides contemptuously
End of book Be sure you have completed the Reading Analysis Portfolio as precisely as possible. The following are all of the sections covered. It is IMPERATIVE that each section is clearly marked in your portfolio and lines were skipped between each answer: Section I: Author Facts Section II: Nothing Gold Can Stay Analysis Section III: Conflict Section IV: Plot Development Section V: Character Development Section VI Setting Section VII: Theme Section VIII: Study Guide Questions Section IX: Literary Terms Section X: Vocabulary Development