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 NEW SEATING CHART!!! Completely Random!.  NEW SEATING CHART!!! Completely Random!

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Presentation on theme: " NEW SEATING CHART!!! Completely Random!.  NEW SEATING CHART!!! Completely Random!"— Presentation transcript:

1  NEW SEATING CHART!!! Completely Random!

2  NEW SEATING CHART!!! Completely Random!

3  NEW SEATING CHART!!! Completely Random!


5  Modernism is usually identified as an artistic trend that began around the end of the 19 th century and dominated cultural expression until World War II  Associated with the idea of “modernity”  Modernity: confidence in human progress through rationality and technological advances

6  Two General Forms of Abstraction (state of being ‘abstract’): 1. The reduction of images from the natural world into shapes suggested by actual objects 2. The “pure” use of color, line, shadow, and other traditional formal elements of art to create an image whose only reference is itself  Overall definition: Beauty can exist in form alone and that no other quality is needed.

7 Why would this be famous???

8  Malevich (1878-1935)  Simple, but confusing  He sought basic pictorial elements that could “communicate the most profound expressive reality”

9 What about this one???

10  Mondrian (1872-1944)  Believed that straight lines and right angles represented the fundamental principles of life  Believed that the horizontal line signified rest, tranquility, and death

11  The crossing of the two in a right angle expressed the highest tension between positive and negative forces  Very shallow space (as shallow as possible)



14  As the work of Sigmund Freud became more popular, artists became fascinated by the subconscious mind  By 1924, a surrealist manifesto stated some specific connections between the subconscious mind and painting

15  Surrealist works were thought to be created by “pure psychic automatism”  Goal was to merge reason and unreason, consciousness and unconscious into an “absolute reality – a super reality”  Supposedly, a dream could be transferred directly from the unconscious mind of the painter to canvas without control or conscious interruption

16  Surrealism went 2 directions  The first presents fantastic, hallucinatory scenes in a hard-edged, realistic manner What most people associate with surrealism  The other is more abstract, but much less popular

17  Strange objects are irrationally juxtaposed: they come together as in a dream  These bizarre works reflect a world that human beings cannot control

18  Frida Kahlo (1907-1954) – Mexican painter  Her works are studies in great pain and suffering, both mental and physical On Sep. 17, 1925, she was in a serious bus crash. Injuries included a broken spinal column, a broken collarbone, broken ribs, a broken pelvis, eleven fractures in her right leg, and crushed and dislocated right foot, and a dislocated shoulder. An iron handrail pierced her abdomen and her uterus, seriously damaging her reproductive ability

19  Portrays a nightmarish quality typical of surrealism  The subject appears both suffering, and as a savior  Her spinal column is represented by an architectural column



22  Salvador Dali (1904-1989) – Spanish (but got famous in the US)  Attended the San Fernando Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid  The leader of the Surrealist Movement

23  One of the best known Surrealist works  Dark, dreamlike atmosphere, with nightmarish qualities Plain, bare background Sharp contrast

24  Escaped from Europe during WWII and made his way to the US.  The Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) in New York gave Dali his first major exhibit  There is a museum devoted to him in St. Petersburg, FL

25  Sleep

26  Swans Reflecting Elephants

27  Apparition of the Face of Aphrodite

28  Woman with a Head of Roses

29  Until the 20 th century, American painting only adapted European trends  In the early 20 th century, strong and vigorous American painting emerged and it encompasses several styles

30  O’Keefe (1887-1986) proved to be one of the most original artists of the century  Her imagery draws on a wide variety of objects that she abstracts in a uniquely personal way

31  An organic form becomes an exquisite landscape  Appears monumental, even though the painting is quite small

32  Her lines flow gracefully upwards and outward with a skillful blending of colors  It implies nature, even though its just abstract shapes

33  Grant Wood (1892-1942)  Continued the works of the realist tradition, though they’re posed and not spontaneous Still meant to show the harsher side of life

34  A wonderful celebration of the simple, hardworking people of America’s heartland  The elongated forms are pulled up together into a pointed arch  Rural American reverence for home and labor is celebrated here with gentle humor

35  From 1919-1925, Harlem, a neighborhood in upper Manhattan, became the international capital of African American culture  Painters, sculptors, musicians, poets, and novelists joined in a remarkable artistic outpouring

36  The movement took up several themes: glorification of the black American’s African heritage, the tradition of black folklore, and the daily life of black people  Harlem Renaissance artists celebrated black history and culture and defined a visual vocabulary for African Americans

37  W.E.B. Du Bois, Alain Locke, and Charles Spurgeon spearheaded the movement  Aaron Douglas (1899-1979) was arguably the foremost painter of the Harlem Renaissance  He explores a palette of muted tones  He was particularly known for his illustrations and cover designs for books by African American authors

38  Warm and relaxed  Colors and lines express dignity, elegance, and stability

39  Documents the emergence of an African American identity  Portrays the African background in images of music (Jazz!)

40  Abstract – shapes sometimes unrecognizable  No overly notable artist – lots of names, but not as popular as the painting



43  Usually on display OUTDOORS (added to nature) due to their large size You’ll still see them in museums and occasionally households

44   We will not watch the whole thing – just enough for you to be introduced to MOMA  I will pass back some grades and papers while you watch.  I will stop it with just a few minutes left in class. At that point I will give you a question about the video to answer on your notes (WATCH – you don’t get the question until I STOP it!)

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