Presentation on theme: "Executive Branch Day 1. Who were the 2008 Republican Presidential Candidates? Republicans Rudy Giuliani Mitt Romney John McCain Fred Thompson."— Presentation transcript:
Executive Branch Day 1
Who were the 2008 Republican Presidential Candidates? Republicans Rudy Giuliani Mitt Romney John McCain Fred Thompson
Who were the 2008 Republican Presidential Candidates? Republicans Sam BrownbackDuncan Hunter Mike HuckabeeRon Paul
Who were the 2008 Democratic Presidential Candidates? Democrats Hilary Clinton Barack Obama John Edwards
Who are the final Presidential candidates for 2008? RepublicanDemocrat John McCainBarack Obama
Executive Branch The president is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces, but Congress has the ability to declare war. Today the executive branch includes the president and vice-president, their advisory staff, as well as other departments and agencies
Current Executive Branch Leaders George W. Bush, President Dick Cheney, Vice-President
Executive Branch The president’s advisory staff is called the Cabinet. The Cabinet, which was not specified in the Constitution, was established by George Washington.
Current Executive Branch Leaders Ed Shaffer, Dirk Kempthorne, Carlos Gutierrez, Michael Mukasey, Sec. of Agriculture Sec. of the Interior Sec. of Commerce Attorney General
Current Executive Branch Leaders Robert M. Gates, Elaine Chao, Margaret Spellings, Condoleezza Rice, Sec. of Defense Sec. of Labor Sec. of Education Sec. of State
Current Executive Branch Leaders Michael Chertoff, Dr. James Peake, Steve Preston, Samuel W. Bodman, Sec. of Homeland Sec. of Veterans Sec. of Housing and Sec. of Energy Security Affairs Urban Development
Executive Branch Washington appointed Thomas Jefferson as secretary of state, Alexander Hamilton as secretary of the treasury, Henry Knox as secretary of war, and Edmund Randolph as attorney general. The word “cabinet” originally meant a small room to display things.
Executive Branch No one from the legislative branch may serve in the president’s Cabinet. Cabinet members are responsible to the president and serve as long as he chooses. Even though the Senate must confirm presidential appointments to the Cabinet, they rarely stand in the way of his choices.
Executive Branch Congress creates departments and determines the salary of the Cabinet. The Framers decided that the voters would choose electors who would actually choose the president for them. This group of electors is called the Electoral College.
Executive Branch Before becoming president, a candidate must go through the following phases: Primaries/Caucuses Conventions General Election Inauguration
Executive Branch When voting for the president first began, caucuses were the primary way candidates were selected Most states’ primaries are winner-take-all, in which the voters’ choice gains all of the state’s delegates at the convention.
Executive Branch An open primary is one in which the polls are open to votes of any party. A closed primary limits participation to party members only.
Executive Branch New Hampshire has the earliest primary, and one of the most important ones. The races are usually settled by Super Tuesday, which is a day in which most states have their primary elections.
Executive Branch After a candidate is chosen at the convention, the parties attempt to settle on their platform, which is a set of beliefs and opinions that the party supports. The general election is held on the Tuesday after the first Monday in November (this year it will be November 4 th ).
Executive Branch Sometimes it is possible to win the popular vote but lose the election. Each state gets as many electors as it has members of Congress. There are 538 total electoral votes. A candidate must obtain at least 270 to win.
Executive Branch In 1933, the official inauguration date was changed from March to January 20 th after the passage of the 20 th amendment.
20 th Amendment Section 1. The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3d day of January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin.
EXECUTIVE BRANCH Day 2
Hmm…I wonder what it would take to become President of the United States…
Well fellas… First you need to be a natural-born citizen of the United States. Proud to be an American!!!!
Well fellas… Second, you need to be at least 35 years old. Our future President of the United States
Well fellas… Finally, you must be a resident of the United States for 14 consecutive years.
But wait, there’s more… Many voters have certain things that they want/don’t want to see in a president (unofficial qualifications), such as: No Smoking
But wait, there’s more… Many voters have certain things that they want/don’t want to see in a president (unofficial qualifications), such as: Monogamy
But wait, there’s more… Many voters have certain things that they want/don’t want to see in a president (unofficial qualifications), such as: Religion
But wait, there’s more… Many voters have certain things that they want/don’t want to see in a president (unofficial qualifications), such as: Criminal History
So what happens if the president doesn’t do his job???
“We leave with high hopes, in good spirits, and with deep humility…”
Impeachment Definition: The removal of a high ranking official in the United States government. Only 2 presidents have ever had articles of impeachment drawn up against them: Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton.
Impeachment Process: 1.Formal charges are brought against the official in the House of Representatives. 2.Inquiry of impeachment (Should the official stand trial?) 3.House of Representatives votes on articles of impeachment. 4.Senate tries the accused official. 5.Official is removed from office.
So you want to know more about foreign policy?
Diplomacy The art and practice of conducting negotiations between nations.
Economic, Military, and Humanitarian aid Economic Aid: lending money to other nations.
Economic, Military, and Humanitarian aid Military Aid: US lends its troops to other nations who need protection.
Economic, Military, and Humanitarian aid Humanitarian Aid: US lends its volunteer organizations to other countries who need assistance, such as the Red Cross.
Treaties A formal written agreement between countries or governments.
Sanctions Penalties imposed by the courts.
Military Intervention When the military steps in to stop a potentially, or ongoing, volatile situation.
There are certain agencies that contribute to the Executive Branch Dept. of Education Environmental Protection Agency Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Federal Communications Commission Consumer Product Safety Commission Federal Aviation Association Drug Enforcement Association
Department of Education (ED) Cabinet-level department of the United States government created by the Department of Education Organization Act. Opposed by many in the Republican Party. Under George W. Bush, the department has focused mainly on elementary and secondary education through the No Child Left Behind Act.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Charged with protecting human health and with safeguarding the natural environment: air, water, and land. Established by President Richard Nixon on December 2, 1970.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) Created by the Glass- Steagall Act of 1933, the FDIC provides deposit insurance which currently guarantees checking and savings deposits in member banks up to $100,000 per depositor.
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Established by the Communications Act of 1934, it is charged with regulating all non-Federal Government use of the radio spectrum (radio & television), and all interstate telecommunications (wire, satellite and cable) as well as all international communications that originate or terminate in the United States.
Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) An independent agency of the federal government created in 1972 through the Consumer Product Safety Act to protect “against unreason- able risks of injuries associated with consumer products
Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Created by the Federal Aviation Act of 1958, it is an agency of the US Dept. of Transportation with authority to regulate and oversee all aspects of civil aviation in the US
Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) A US Dept. of Justice law enforcement agency tasked with combating drug smuggling and use within the United States.