Presentation on theme: "Don R. Taaffe, Gospel preacher, Dunedin, Florida November 01, 2009"— Presentation transcript:
1Don R. Taaffe, Gospel preacher, Dunedin, Florida November 01, 2009 The churches of Christ in the New Testament 4 of 17 “the church in Corinth” Acts 18: Corinthians 1:10-13Don R. Taaffe,Gospel preacher,Dunedin, FloridaNovember 01, 2009
21 After these things Paul departed from Athens and went to Corinth 1 After these things Paul departed from Athens and went to Corinth. 2 And he found a certain Jew named Aquila, born in Pontus, who had recently come from Italy with his wife Priscilla (because Claudius had commanded all the Jews to depart from Rome); and he came to them. 3 So, because he was of the same trade, he stayed with them and worked; for by occupation they were tentmakers. 4 And he reasoned in the synagogue every Sabbath, and persuaded both Jews and Greeks. 5 When Silas and Timothy had come from Macedonia, Paul was compelled by the Spirit, and testified to the Jews that Jesus is the Christ. 6 But when they opposed him and blasphemed, he shook his garments and said to them,"Your blood be upon your own heads; I am clean. From now on I will go to the Gentiles." 7 And he departed from there and entered the house of a certain man named Justus, one who worshiped God, whose house was next door to the synagogue. 8 Then Crispus, the ruler of the synagogue, believed on the Lord with all his household. And many of the Corinthians, hearing, believed and were baptized. 9 Now the Lord spoke to Paul in the night by a vision, "Do not be afraid, but speak, and do not keep silent; 10 for I am with you, and no one will attack you to hurt you; for I have many people in this city." 11 And he continued there a year and six months, teaching the word of God among them. (NKJV) Acts 18:1-11
310 Now I plead with you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that you all speak the same thing, and that there be no divisions among you, but that you be perfectly joined together in the same mind and in the same judgment. 11 For it has been declared to me concerning you, my brethren, by those of Chloe's household, that there are contentions among you. 12 Now I say this, that each of you says, "I am of Paul," or "I am of Apollos," or "I am of Cephas," or "I am of Christ." 13 Is Christ divided? Was Paul crucified for you? Or were you baptized in the name of Paul? 1 Corinthians 1:10-13 (NKJV)
4churches of Christ in the New Testament – 17 Lessons Origin of Lord’s churchThe church in AntiochThe church in ColosseThe church in CorinthThe church in CreteThe church in EphesusThe church in GalatiaThe church in JerusalemThe church in LaodiceaThe church in PergamumThe church in PhiladelphiaThe church in PhilippiThe church in RomeThe church in SardisThe church in SmyrnaThe church in ThessalonicaThe church in ThyatiraThe church in Dunedin?
5History of city and church Mr. Charles Hodges says that Corinth was “the chief city of Greece, in authority, wealth, magnificence, literature, the arts, and in luxury.”Located on a six mile wide isthmus connecting Peloponneus with Greece, miles west of Athens.A city of the temple of Aphrodite/Venus, the Greek goddess of love, worshipped via fornication, 1,000 “priestesses” or “harlots”. Center of pagan immorality. Cults of Bacchus (drunken feasts).
7History of city and church As we will see in the study of this great church, under these guise of religion, that led to the practice of such lasciviousness that to speak of a woman as a Corinthian was to characterize her as a prostitute or designate a man as a Corinthian was to charge him with committing whoredom.The was completely destroyed in two B.C.
8History of city and church Completely rebuilt by 100 A.D. as a Roman city, it was in the rebuilding of the city that Paul planted a Gentile church.It was from Corinth that Paul wrote the Roman letter.The population of Corinth was estimated at up to 700,000 including a large salveIt was from Corinth that Paul wrote the Thessalonians and requested their prayers that he might be delivered from unreason-able and evil men – 2 Thessalonians 3:1-32 Thessalonians 3:1-31 Finally, brothers and sisters, pray for us, so that theword of the Lord may spread rapidly and be glorifiedeverywhere, just as it is among you, 2 and that we maybe rescued from wicked and evil people; for not allhave faith. 3 But the Lord is faithful; he will strengthenyou and guard you from the evil one. (NRSV)
9History of city and church Acts 18:6, 9-106 When they opposed and reviled him, in protest heshook the dust from his clothes and said to them,"Your blood be on your own heads! I am innocent.From now on I will go to the Gentiles.“9 One night the Lord said to Paul in a vision, "Do notbe afraid, but speak and do not be silent; 10 for I amwith you, and no one will lay a hand on you to harmyou, for there are many in this city who are mypeople.“ (NRSV)Corinth was had two seaports – this made for a flourishing commercial city. "The meeting place of the Occident & the Orient." Much of the trouble church of Corinth had was because of the people that passed through its ports.As to the church it was some Jews, mostly Gentiles. religious and irreligious, free men and slaves, few nobles - Acts 18:6, 9-10(1 Cor. 1:14–15; 16:15; 12:2)Dunedin
10History of city and church The first converts were Jewish, from the synagogue, the chief ruler Crispus – (1 Cor. 1:26)Many of these converts were fornicators, idolaters, adulterers, homosexuals, abusers of themselves with men, thieves, covetous, drunkards, revilers, and extortioners (1 Cor. 6:9-11) There were all kinds of people from all walks of life.
11History of city and church The message preached at Corinth: The Gospel (the cross) - 1 Corinthians 1:17-18 (1 Cor. 15:1-4; 2:1-5 2 Cor 1:4-6)The response: (Acts 18:8) “Heard, believed, were baptized” - 1 Corinthians 6:11The means: the establishment of the Corinthian church was made possible by Paul’s labor (preaching) – 1 Cor. 1:17 (2 Cor. 8:9-11; 9:7–9)1 Corinthians 1:17-1817 For Christ did not send me to baptize, but topreach the gospel, not with wisdom of words, lest thecross of Christ should be made of no effect. 18 Forthe message of the cross is foolishness to those whoare perishing, but to us who are being saved it is thepower of God. (NKJV)1 Corinthians 1:1717 For Christ did not send me to baptize,but to preach the gospel, not withwisdom of words, lest the cross of Christshould be made of no effect. (NRSV)1 Corinthians 6:1111 And this is what some of you used to be. But youwere washed, you were sanctified, you were justified inthe name of the Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit ofour God. (NRSV)
12THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CHURCH IN CORINTH Its virtues:Two letters addressed to this church, first a teaching (correction) letter, second complementary letter – 2 Corinthians 7:6-12Responded well. In benevolence – 2 Corinthians 8:9-11 (2 Cor. 9:1-5).Loyal to the truth – 1 Corinthians 15:1 (2 Cor. 1:24; 7:13-16)2 Corinthians 8:9-119 For you know the generous act of our Lord Jesus Christ,that though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor,so that by his poverty you might become rich. 10 And in thismatter I am giving my advice: it is appropriate for you whobegan last year not only to do something but even to desireto do something — 11 now finish doing it, so that youreagerness may be matched by completing it according toyour means. (NRSV)1 Corinthians 15:11 Now I would remind you, brothers and sisters, ofthe good news that I proclaimed to you, which you inturn received, in which also you stand, (NRSV)2 Corinthians 7:6-126…………..8 For even if I made you sorry with my letter, I do not regret it(though I did regret it, for I see that I grieved you with that letter,though only briefly). 9 Now I rejoice, not because you were grieved,……. 12 So although I wrote to you, it was not on account of the one whodid the wrong, nor on account of the one who was wronged, but in orderthat your zeal for us might be made known to you before God. (NRSV)
13It vices (sins): Divisions Striving about preachers Sin permitted Brother going to law against brotherIndifference to conscience of weakDisorderly in worshipSeeking precedenceLosing identityGlory in men
14Fellowship Illustrated 2 Corinthians 6:14-16 SINDARKBELIALUNBELIEVERIDOLSRIGHTEOUSLIGHTCHRISTBELIEVERTEMPLEFACTSThis fellowship is sin!5
15THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CHURCH IN CORINTH Though sin had been committed and wrong had been done, Corinth had not compromised the truth nor forsaken it.It vices: (things which they were reproved)(1) Divisions. (1 Cor. 1:10-17)It’s causes – Carnality (worldliness) – 1 Corinthians 3:1-31 Corinthians 3:1-41 And I, brethren, could not speak to you as tospiritual people but as to carnal, as to babes inChrist. 2 I fed you with milk and not with solid food;for until now you were not able to receive it, andeven now you are still not able; 3 for you are stillcarnal. For where there are envy, strife, and divisionsamong you, are you not carnal and behaving likemere men? (NKJV)
16THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CHURCH IN CORINTH 1 Corinthians 3:1616 Do you not know that you are the temple of Godand that the Spirit of God dwells in you? (NKJV)The effect – divided the body of Christ – (1 Corinthians 1:13) – Destroying the Temple of God – 1 Corinthians 3:16It’s cure – “speak the same things; let no division exist; grow together into the same mind (opinions) and the same judgment (conclusions)” (1 Cor. 1:10)
17THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CHURCH IN CORINTH 1 Corinthians 3:4-94 For when one says, "I belong to Paul," and another, "Ibelong to Apollos," are you not merely human? 5 What thenis Apollos? What is Paul? Servants through whom you cameto believe, as the Lord assigned to each. 6 I planted, Apolloswatered, but God gave the growth. 7 So neither the one whoplants nor the one who waters is anything, but only God whogives the growth. 8 The one who plants and the one whowaters have a common purpose, and each will receive wagesaccording to the labor of each. 9 For we are God's servants,working together; you are God's field, God's building. (NRSV)1 Corinthians 5:66 Your boasting is not a good thing. Do you not knowthat a little yeast leavens the whole batch of dough?(NRSV)1 Corinthians 5:11 It is actually reported that there is sexualimmorality among you, and of a kind that is not foundeven among pagans; for a man is living with hisfather's wife. (NRSV)(2) Striving about preachers – 1 Corinthians 1:12; 3:4-9(3) Sin permitted – 1 Corinthians 5c (verse one).It’s danger – leavened the whole lump, in addition to condemning the one guilty – 1 Corinthians 5:6It’s cure – 1 Corinthians 5: (withdrawal of fellowship – 1 Thess. 5:12-13; 2 Thess. 3:6-15)1 Corinthians 5:3-53 For though absent in body, I am present in spirit;and as if present I have already pronounced judgment4 in the name of the Lord Jesus on the man who hasdone such a thing. When you are assembled, and myspirit is present with the power of our Lord Jesus, 5you are to hand this man over to Satan for thedestruction of the flesh, so that his spirit may besaved in the day of the Lord. (NRSV)1 Corinthians 1:1212 What I mean is that each of you says, "I belong toPaul," or "I belong to Apollos," or "I belong toCephas," or "I belong to Christ." (NRSV)
18THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CHURCH IN CORINTH 1 Corinthians 6:1-111 When any of you has a grievance against another, do youdare to take it to court before the unrighteous, instead oftaking it before the saints? 2 Do you not know that thesaints will judge the world? And if the world is to be judgedby you, are you incompetent to try trivial cases? 3 Do younot know that we are to judge angels — to say nothing ofordinary matters? 4 If you have ordinary cases, then, do youappoint as judges those who have no standing in thechurch? 5 I say this to your shame. Can it be that there is noone among you wise enough to decide between one believerand another, 6 but a believer goes to court against abeliever — and before unbelievers at that? 7……. (NRSV)1 Corinthians 8:7-97 It is not everyone, however, who has this knowledge.Since some have become so accustomed to idols until now,they still think of the food they eat as food offered to anidol; and their conscience, being weak, is defiled. 8 "Foodwill not bring us close to God." We are no worse off if we donot eat, and no better off if we do. 9 But take care that thisliberty of yours does not somehow become a stumblingblock to the weak. 10….(NRSV)(4) Brother going to law against brother – 1 Corinthians 6:1-8.(5) Indifference to conscience of weak – 1 Corinthians 8:7-13 –Personal liberties must not be exercised to the injury of the weak. Christian liberties are not to be misused – (1 Corinthians 10:23-33)
19THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CHURCH IN CORINTH 1 Corinthians 12:31-13:231 But strive for the greater gifts. And I will show you a stillmore excellent way. 1 If I speak in the tongues of mortals andof angels, but do not have love, I am a noisy gong or a clangingcymbal. 2 And if I have prophetic powers, and understand allmysteries and all knowledge, and if I have all faith, so as toremove mountains, but do not have love, I am nothing.(NRSV)1 Corinthians 14:3333 for God is a God not of disorder but of peace.1 Corinthians 14:44 Those who speak in a tongue build up themselves, butthose who prophesy build up the church. (NRSV)1 Corinthians 12:14-1814 Indeed, the body does not consist of one member but ofmany. 15 If the foot would say, "Because I am not a hand, I donot belong to the body," that would not make it any less a partof the body. 16 And if the ear would say, "Because I am not aneye, I do not belong to the body," that would not make it anyless a part of the body. 17 If the whole body were an eye, wherewould the hearing be? If the whole body were hearing, wherewould the sense of smell be? 18 But as it is, God arranged themembers in the body, each one of them, as he chose. (NRSV)1 Cor 11:17-34…..18 For, to begin with, when you come together as achurch, I hear that there are divisions among you; and tosome extent I believe it……20 When you come together, it isnot really to eat the Lord's supper. 21 For when the timecomes to eat, each of you goes ahead with your own supper,and one goes hungry and another becomes drunk. 22 What!Do you not have homes to eat and drink in? ……28 Examineyourselves, and only then eat of the bread and drink of thecup……..34 If you are hungry, eat at home, so that when youcome together, it will not be for your condemnation….(NRSV)(6) Disorderly in worshipAt the Lord’s table – 1 Corinthians 11:17-34.Confusion as to use of spiritual gifts – 1 Corinthians 12:1-14:40; 14:33; 14:4(7) Seeking precedence – Should seek good of the whole body – 1 Corinthians 12:18-31;14:12,26
20THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CHURCH IN CORINTH 14 Do not be mismatched with unbelievers. For whatpartnership is there between righteousness andlawlessness? Or what fellowship is there betweenlight and darkness? 15 What agreement does Christhave with Beliar? Or what does a believer share withan unbeliever?.....(NRSV)(8) Losing identity– Destroying separateness from world – 2 Corinthians 6:14-7:1.(9) Glory in men – 2 Corinthians 10:7.Comparing men with men, (wrong to do) – 2 Corinthians 10: 12Should glory only in the Lord – 2 Corinthians 10:17-182 Corinthians 10:1212 We do not dare to classify or compare ourselveswith some of those who commend themselves. Butwhen they measure themselves by one another, andcompare themselves with one another, they do notshow good sense. (NRSV)2 Corinthians 10:17-1817 "Let the one who boasts, boast in the Lord." 18For it is not those who commend themselves that areapproved, but those whom the Lord commends.(NRSV)2 Corinthians 10:77 Look at what is before your eyes. If you areconfident that you belong to Christ, remindyourself of this, that just as you belong to Christ,so also do we. (NRSV)
21EXHORTATIONS DELIVERED TO CORINTH Therefore, my beloved, be steadfast, immovable, always excelling in the work of the Lord, because you know that in the Lord your labor is not in vain. 1 Corinthians 15:58 (NRSV)
22EXHORTATIONS DELIVERED TO CORINTH Keep alert, stand firm in your faith, be courageous, be strong. Let all that you do be done in love. 1 Corinthians 16:13-14(NRSV)
23EXHORTATIONS DELIVERED TO CORINTH Since we have these promises, beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from every defilement of body and of spirit, making holiness perfect in the fear of God. 2 Corinthians 7:1 (NRSV)
24EXHORTATIONS DELIVERED TO CORINTH Now as you excel in everything — in faith, in speech, in know-ledge, in utmost eagerness, and in our love for you — so we want you to excel also in this generous undertaking. 2 Corinthians 8:7 (NRSV)
25EXHORTATIONS DELIVERED TO CORINTH And in this matter I am giving my advice: it is appropriate for you who began last year not only to do something but even to desire to do something — now finish doing it, so that your eagerness may be matched by completing it according to your means. 2 Corinthians 8:10-11 (NRSV)
26Conclusion:The message preached at Corinth: The Gospel (the cross) - 1 Corinthians 1:17-18 (1 Cor. 15:1-4; 2:1-5 2 Cor 1:4-6)The response: (Acts 18:8) “Heard, believed, were baptized” - 1 Corinthians 6:11The means: the establishment of the Corinthian church was made possible by Paul’s labor (preaching) – 1 Cor. 1:17 (2 Cor. 8:9-11; 9:7–9)1 Corinthians 1:17-1817 For Christ did not send me to baptize, but topreach the gospel, not with wisdom of words, lest thecross of Christ should be made of no effect. 18 Forthe message of the cross is foolishness to those whoare perishing, but to us who are being saved it is thepower of God. (NKJV)1 Corinthians 1:1717 For Christ did not send me to baptize,but to preach the gospel, not withwisdom of words, lest the cross of Christshould be made of no effect. (NRSV)1 Corinthians 6:1111 And this is what some of you used to be. But youwere washed, you were sanctified, you were justified inthe name of the Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit ofour God. (NRSV)