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Don R. Taaffe, Gospel preacher, Dunedin, Florida November 01, 2009

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1 Don R. Taaffe, Gospel preacher, Dunedin, Florida November 01, 2009
The churches of Christ in the New Testament 4 of 17 “the church in Corinth” Acts 18: Corinthians 1:10-13 Don R. Taaffe, Gospel preacher, Dunedin, Florida November 01, 2009

2 1 After these things Paul departed from Athens and went to Corinth
1 After these things Paul departed from Athens and went to Corinth. 2 And he found a certain Jew named Aquila, born in Pontus, who had recently come from Italy with his wife Priscilla (because Claudius had commanded all the Jews to depart from Rome); and he came to them. 3 So, because he was of the same trade, he stayed with them and worked; for by occupation they were tentmakers. 4 And he reasoned in the synagogue every Sabbath, and persuaded both Jews and Greeks. 5 When Silas and Timothy had come from Macedonia, Paul was compelled by the Spirit, and testified to the Jews that Jesus is the Christ. 6 But when they opposed him and blasphemed, he shook his garments and said to them,"Your blood be upon your own heads; I am clean. From now on I will go to the Gentiles." 7 And he departed from there and entered the house of a certain man named Justus, one who worshiped God, whose house was next door to the synagogue. 8 Then Crispus, the ruler of the synagogue, believed on the Lord with all his household. And many of the Corinthians, hearing, believed and were baptized. 9 Now the Lord spoke to Paul in the night by a vision, "Do not be afraid, but speak, and do not keep silent; 10 for I am with you, and no one will attack you to hurt you; for I have many people in this city." 11 And he continued there a year and six months, teaching the word of God among them. (NKJV) Acts 18:1-11

3 10 Now I plead with you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that you all speak the same thing, and that there be no divisions among you, but that you be perfectly joined together in the same mind and in the same judgment. 11 For it has been declared to me concerning you, my brethren, by those of Chloe's household, that there are contentions among you. 12 Now I say this, that each of you says, "I am of Paul," or "I am of Apollos," or "I am of Cephas," or "I am of Christ." 13 Is Christ divided? Was Paul crucified for you? Or were you baptized in the name of Paul? 1 Corinthians 1:10-13 (NKJV)

4 churches of Christ in the New Testament – 17 Lessons
Origin of Lord’s church The church in Antioch The church in Colosse The church in Corinth The church in Crete The church in Ephesus The church in Galatia The church in Jerusalem The church in Laodicea The church in Pergamum The church in Philadelphia The church in Philippi The church in Rome The church in Sardis The church in Smyrna The church in Thessalonica The church in Thyatira The church in Dunedin?

5 History of city and church
Mr. Charles Hodges says that Corinth was “the chief city of Greece, in authority, wealth, magnificence, literature, the arts, and in luxury.” Located on a six mile wide isthmus connecting Peloponneus with Greece, miles west of Athens. A city of the temple of Aphrodite/Venus, the Greek goddess of love, worshipped via fornication, 1,000 “priestesses” or “harlots”. Center of pagan immorality. Cults of Bacchus (drunken feasts).

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7 History of city and church
As we will see in the study of this great church, under these guise of religion, that led to the practice of such lasciviousness that to speak of a woman as a Corinthian was to characterize her as a prostitute or designate a man as a Corinthian was to charge him with committing whoredom. The was completely destroyed in two B.C.

8 History of city and church
Completely rebuilt by 100 A.D. as a Roman city, it was in the rebuilding of the city that Paul planted a Gentile church. It was from Corinth that Paul wrote the Roman letter. The population of Corinth was estimated at up to 700,000 including a large salve It was from Corinth that Paul wrote the Thessalonians and requested their prayers that he might be delivered from unreason-able and evil men – 2 Thessalonians 3:1-3 2 Thessalonians 3:1-3 1 Finally, brothers and sisters, pray for us, so that the word of the Lord may spread rapidly and be glorified everywhere, just as it is among you, 2 and that we may be rescued from wicked and evil people; for not all have faith. 3 But the Lord is faithful; he will strengthen you and guard you from the evil one. (NRSV)

9 History of city and church
Acts 18:6, 9-10 6 When they opposed and reviled him, in protest he shook the dust from his clothes and said to them, "Your blood be on your own heads! I am innocent. From now on I will go to the Gentiles.“ 9 One night the Lord said to Paul in a vision, "Do not be afraid, but speak and do not be silent; 10 for I am with you, and no one will lay a hand on you to harm you, for there are many in this city who are my people.“ (NRSV) Corinth was had two seaports – this made for a flourishing commercial city. "The meeting place of the Occident & the Orient." Much of the trouble church of Corinth had was because of the people that passed through its ports. As to the church it was some Jews, mostly Gentiles. religious and irreligious, free men and slaves, few nobles - Acts 18:6, 9-10(1 Cor. 1:14–15; 16:15; 12:2) Dunedin

10 History of city and church
The first converts were Jewish, from the synagogue, the chief ruler Crispus – (1 Cor. 1:26) Many of these converts were fornicators, idolaters, adulterers, homosexuals, abusers of themselves with men, thieves, covetous, drunkards, revilers, and extortioners (1 Cor. 6:9-11) There were all kinds of people from all walks of life.

11 History of city and church
The message preached at Corinth: The Gospel (the cross) - 1 Corinthians 1:17-18 (1 Cor. 15:1-4; 2:1-5 2 Cor 1:4-6) The response: (Acts 18:8) “Heard, believed, were baptized” - 1 Corinthians 6:11 The means: the establishment of the Corinthian church was made possible by Paul’s labor (preaching) – 1 Cor. 1:17 (2 Cor. 8:9-11; 9:7–9) 1 Corinthians 1:17-18 17 For Christ did not send me to baptize, but to preach the gospel, not with wisdom of words, lest the cross of Christ should be made of no effect. 18 For the message of the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God. (NKJV) 1 Corinthians 1:17 17 For Christ did not send me to baptize, but to preach the gospel, not with wisdom of words, lest the cross of Christ should be made of no effect. (NRSV) 1 Corinthians 6:11 11 And this is what some of you used to be. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit of our God. (NRSV)

12 THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CHURCH IN CORINTH
Its virtues: Two letters addressed to this church, first a teaching (correction) letter, second complementary letter – 2 Corinthians 7:6-12 Responded well. In benevolence – 2 Corinthians 8:9-11 (2 Cor. 9:1-5). Loyal to the truth – 1 Corinthians 15:1 (2 Cor. 1:24; 7:13-16) 2 Corinthians 8:9-11 9 For you know the generous act of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, so that by his poverty you might become rich. 10 And in this matter I am giving my advice: it is appropriate for you who began last year not only to do something but even to desire to do something — 11 now finish doing it, so that your eagerness may be matched by completing it according to your means. (NRSV) 1 Corinthians 15:1 1 Now I would remind you, brothers and sisters, of the good news that I proclaimed to you, which you in turn received, in which also you stand, (NRSV) 2 Corinthians 7:6-12 6…………..8 For even if I made you sorry with my letter, I do not regret it (though I did regret it, for I see that I grieved you with that letter, though only briefly). 9 Now I rejoice, not because you were grieved,… …. 12 So although I wrote to you, it was not on account of the one who did the wrong, nor on account of the one who was wronged, but in order that your zeal for us might be made known to you before God. (NRSV)

13 It vices (sins): Divisions Striving about preachers Sin permitted
Brother going to law against brother Indifference to conscience of weak Disorderly in worship Seeking precedence Losing identity Glory in men

14 Fellowship Illustrated 2 Corinthians 6:14-16
SIN DARK BELIAL UNBELIEVER IDOLS RIGHTEOUS LIGHT CHRIST BELIEVER TEMPLE FACTS This fellowship is sin! 5

15 THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CHURCH IN CORINTH
Though sin had been committed and wrong had been done, Corinth had not compromised the truth nor forsaken it. It vices: (things which they were reproved) (1) Divisions. (1 Cor. 1:10-17) It’s causes – Carnality (worldliness) – 1 Corinthians 3:1-3 1 Corinthians 3:1-4 1 And I, brethren, could not speak to you as to spiritual people but as to carnal, as to babes in Christ. 2 I fed you with milk and not with solid food; for until now you were not able to receive it, and even now you are still not able; 3 for you are still carnal. For where there are envy, strife, and divisions among you, are you not carnal and behaving like mere men? (NKJV)

16 THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CHURCH IN CORINTH
1 Corinthians 3:16 16 Do you not know that you are the temple of God and that the Spirit of God dwells in you? (NKJV) The effect – divided the body of Christ – (1 Corinthians 1:13) – Destroying the Temple of God – 1 Corinthians 3:16 It’s cure – “speak the same things; let no division exist; grow together into the same mind (opinions) and the same judgment (conclusions)” (1 Cor. 1:10)

17 THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CHURCH IN CORINTH
1 Corinthians 3:4-9 4 For when one says, "I belong to Paul," and another, "I belong to Apollos," are you not merely human? 5 What then is Apollos? What is Paul? Servants through whom you came to believe, as the Lord assigned to each. 6 I planted, Apollos watered, but God gave the growth. 7 So neither the one who plants nor the one who waters is anything, but only God who gives the growth. 8 The one who plants and the one who waters have a common purpose, and each will receive wages according to the labor of each. 9 For we are God's servants, working together; you are God's field, God's building. (NRSV) 1 Corinthians 5:6 6 Your boasting is not a good thing. Do you not know that a little yeast leavens the whole batch of dough? (NRSV) 1 Corinthians 5:1 1 It is actually reported that there is sexual immorality among you, and of a kind that is not found even among pagans; for a man is living with his father's wife. (NRSV) (2) Striving about preachers – 1 Corinthians 1:12; 3:4-9 (3) Sin permitted – 1 Corinthians 5c (verse one). It’s danger – leavened the whole lump, in addition to condemning the one guilty – 1 Corinthians 5:6 It’s cure – 1 Corinthians 5: (withdrawal of fellowship – 1 Thess. 5:12-13; 2 Thess. 3:6-15) 1 Corinthians 5:3-5 3 For though absent in body, I am present in spirit; and as if present I have already pronounced judgment 4 in the name of the Lord Jesus on the man who has done such a thing. When you are assembled, and my spirit is present with the power of our Lord Jesus, 5 you are to hand this man over to Satan for the destruction of the flesh, so that his spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord. (NRSV) 1 Corinthians 1:12 12 What I mean is that each of you says, "I belong to Paul," or "I belong to Apollos," or "I belong to Cephas," or "I belong to Christ." (NRSV)

18 THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CHURCH IN CORINTH
1 Corinthians 6:1-11 1 When any of you has a grievance against another, do you dare to take it to court before the unrighteous, instead of taking it before the saints? 2 Do you not know that the saints will judge the world? And if the world is to be judged by you, are you incompetent to try trivial cases? 3 Do you not know that we are to judge angels — to say nothing of ordinary matters? 4 If you have ordinary cases, then, do you appoint as judges those who have no standing in the church? 5 I say this to your shame. Can it be that there is no one among you wise enough to decide between one believer and another, 6 but a believer goes to court against a believer — and before unbelievers at that? 7……. (NRSV) 1 Corinthians 8:7-9 7 It is not everyone, however, who has this knowledge. Since some have become so accustomed to idols until now, they still think of the food they eat as food offered to an idol; and their conscience, being weak, is defiled. 8 "Food will not bring us close to God." We are no worse off if we do not eat, and no better off if we do. 9 But take care that this liberty of yours does not somehow become a stumbling block to the weak. 10….(NRSV) (4) Brother going to law against brother – 1 Corinthians 6:1-8. (5) Indifference to conscience of weak – 1 Corinthians 8:7-13 –Personal liberties must not be exercised to the injury of the weak. Christian liberties are not to be misused – (1 Corinthians 10:23-33)

19 THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CHURCH IN CORINTH
1 Corinthians 12:31-13:2 31 But strive for the greater gifts. And I will show you a still more excellent way. 1 If I speak in the tongues of mortals and of angels, but do not have love, I am a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal. 2 And if I have prophetic powers, and understand all mysteries and all knowledge, and if I have all faith, so as to remove mountains, but do not have love, I am nothing.(NRSV) 1 Corinthians 14:33 33 for God is a God not of disorder but of peace. 1 Corinthians 14:4 4 Those who speak in a tongue build up themselves, but those who prophesy build up the church. (NRSV) 1 Corinthians 12:14-18 14 Indeed, the body does not consist of one member but of many. 15 If the foot would say, "Because I am not a hand, I do not belong to the body," that would not make it any less a part of the body. 16 And if the ear would say, "Because I am not an eye, I do not belong to the body," that would not make it any less a part of the body. 17 If the whole body were an eye, where would the hearing be? If the whole body were hearing, where would the sense of smell be? 18 But as it is, God arranged the members in the body, each one of them, as he chose. (NRSV) 1 Cor 11:17-34 …..18 For, to begin with, when you come together as a church, I hear that there are divisions among you; and to some extent I believe it……20 When you come together, it is not really to eat the Lord's supper. 21 For when the time comes to eat, each of you goes ahead with your own supper, and one goes hungry and another becomes drunk. 22 What! Do you not have homes to eat and drink in? ……28 Examine yourselves, and only then eat of the bread and drink of the cup……..34 If you are hungry, eat at home, so that when you come together, it will not be for your condemnation….(NRSV) (6) Disorderly in worship At the Lord’s table – 1 Corinthians 11:17-34. Confusion as to use of spiritual gifts – 1 Corinthians 12:1-14:40; 14:33; 14:4 (7) Seeking precedence – Should seek good of the whole body – 1 Corinthians 12:18-31;14:12,26

20 THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CHURCH IN CORINTH
14 Do not be mismatched with unbelievers. For what partnership is there between righteousness and lawlessness? Or what fellowship is there between light and darkness? 15 What agreement does Christ have with Beliar? Or what does a believer share with an unbeliever?.....(NRSV) (8) Losing identity– Destroying separateness from world – 2 Corinthians 6:14-7:1. (9) Glory in men – 2 Corinthians 10:7. Comparing men with men, (wrong to do) – 2 Corinthians 10: 12 Should glory only in the Lord – 2 Corinthians 10:17-18 2 Corinthians 10:12 12 We do not dare to classify or compare ourselves with some of those who commend themselves. But when they measure themselves by one another, and compare themselves with one another, they do not show good sense. (NRSV) 2 Corinthians 10:17-18 17 "Let the one who boasts, boast in the Lord." 18 For it is not those who commend themselves that are approved, but those whom the Lord commends.(NRSV) 2 Corinthians 10:7 7 Look at what is before your eyes. If you are confident that you belong to Christ, remind yourself of this, that just as you belong to Christ, so also do we. (NRSV)

21 EXHORTATIONS DELIVERED TO CORINTH
Therefore, my beloved, be steadfast, immovable, always excelling in the work of the Lord, because you know that in the Lord your labor is not in vain. 1 Corinthians 15:58 (NRSV)

22 EXHORTATIONS DELIVERED TO CORINTH
Keep alert, stand firm in your faith, be courageous, be strong. Let all that you do be done in love. 1 Corinthians 16:13-14(NRSV)

23 EXHORTATIONS DELIVERED TO CORINTH
Since we have these promises, beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from every defilement of body and of spirit, making holiness perfect in the fear of God. 2 Corinthians 7:1 (NRSV)

24 EXHORTATIONS DELIVERED TO CORINTH
Now as you excel in everything — in faith, in speech, in know-ledge, in utmost eagerness, and in our love for you — so we want you to excel also in this generous undertaking. 2 Corinthians 8:7 (NRSV)

25 EXHORTATIONS DELIVERED TO CORINTH
And in this matter I am giving my advice: it is appropriate for you who began last year not only to do something but even to desire to do something — now finish doing it, so that your eagerness may be matched by completing it according to your means. 2 Corinthians 8:10-11 (NRSV)

26 Conclusion: The message preached at Corinth: The Gospel (the cross) - 1 Corinthians 1:17-18 (1 Cor. 15:1-4; 2:1-5 2 Cor 1:4-6) The response: (Acts 18:8) “Heard, believed, were baptized” - 1 Corinthians 6:11 The means: the establishment of the Corinthian church was made possible by Paul’s labor (preaching) – 1 Cor. 1:17 (2 Cor. 8:9-11; 9:7–9) 1 Corinthians 1:17-18 17 For Christ did not send me to baptize, but to preach the gospel, not with wisdom of words, lest the cross of Christ should be made of no effect. 18 For the message of the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God. (NKJV) 1 Corinthians 1:17 17 For Christ did not send me to baptize, but to preach the gospel, not with wisdom of words, lest the cross of Christ should be made of no effect. (NRSV) 1 Corinthians 6:11 11 And this is what some of you used to be. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit of our God. (NRSV)


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