Presentation on theme: "Poetry Types and Forms Presented by : Mahmoud Khalaf no : 120131609 Poetry Types and Forms Presented by : Mahmoud Khalaf no : 120131609."— Presentation transcript:
Poetry Types and Forms Presented by : Mahmoud Khalaf no : Poetry Types and Forms Presented by : Mahmoud Khalaf no :
A- Personal Poetry Personal sentiments Use of pronoun “I” Sometimes called “Lyrical”
I WANDERED lonely as a cloud That floats on high o'er vales and hills, When all at once I saw a crowd, A host, of golden daffodils; Beside the lake, beneath the trees, Fluttering and dancing in the breeze. Continuous as the stars that shine And twinkle on the milky way, They stretched in never-ending line Along the margin of a bay: Ten thousand saw I at a glance, Tossing their heads in sprightly dance. The waves beside them danced; but they Out-did the sparkling waves in glee: A poet could not but be gay, In such a jocund company: I gazed--and gazed--but little thought What wealth the show to me had brought: part of “The Daffodils” by Wordsworth
B- Impersonal Depicting others' feelings or sufferings Describing situations objectively The writer stays in the background
All human things are subject to decay, And, when Fate summons, monarchs must obey: This Flecknoe found, who, like Augustus, young Was call'd to empire, and had govern'd long: In prose and verse, was own'd, without dispute Through all the realms of Non-sense, absolute. This aged prince now flourishing in peace, And blest with issue of a large increase, Worn out with business, did at length debate To settle the succession of the State: part of “Mac Flecknoe” by Dryden
A- Epic Epic : Long narrative poem written in a particular style in which an account in provided of the mythical origins of people. Myth :an ancient story about gods and heros Legend :is a traditional story that has come to be true but hasn’t been confirmed.
Celebrated virtues in Epics : Courage Heroism Honor Generosity
1- Primary Epics (Natural) Growth Unknown authors Take stages Traceable of composition Pastoral life Examples: Iliad and Odyssey by Homer 8 BC
2- Secondary Epics Imitation of historically known poets Known origins Example: Paradise Lost by Milton
3- Philosophical Epics 4- Romantic Epics
5- Mock-heroics Trivial subject treated with serious theme Poke fun at certain social habits Example Alexander Pope (Rape of the Lock)
B- Ballads Shorter than epics (50-60 lines) Rhymed – could be sung No identity of the author Fourteener ** Lines of 14 syllables divided into 8 and 6 syllables Example Coleridge 19 th c (The Rime of the Ancient Mariner)
C- Satire Satire : a form of writing either in prose or in verse in which a person or society is held up to ridicule. Malicious or just provoking fun Disguise (Allegory) Could be mere fun/humorous or bitter/sarcastic Example 14 th c (Canterbury tales) by Chaucer Mac Flecknoe by Dryden
D- Narrative Narrative poetry types. Dramatic monologue : a type of narrative poetry where the writer is concerned to unfold a tale. Impersonal style without intervention the author gives the story in a highly impersonal manner without letting his views or emotions take a place. Each dramatic monologue has a single speaker expresses his feelings and emotions while the author just stays in the background. Tennyson (Ulysses).
Shakespeare's style in verse : *Enigmatic(inscrutable) And mysterious. *Depicts a wide range of characters. *Contrary. Personal projection of some writers W.B. Yeats ….. Irish nationality
Reasons why impersonality is important in poetry *It makes for greater impartiality and neutrality which consequently leads to truthfulness and honesty *It represents a point of view that’s not the writer’s one. *The work isn’t apt to be monotonous, one-sided and prejudiced
Gradations of impersonality.
Fable : (a type of impersonal verse ) is a story apparently about animal who however appear endowed with human intelligence at the same time they retain their animal characteristics > The most ancient writer of Fable is : Aesop(Greek poet) wrote about foxes, sheeps, grasshoppers and so on, in allegory.
Sometimes the writer combine between the both forms of poetry: personal and impersonal. Pope is an example of this category, for that sometimes his anger and indignation is so strong that he lays impersonality aside and attacks his enemies directly and strongly.