Presentation on theme: "GROUPING STRATEGIES FOR ELLS AND ALL STUDENTS DAVID HOLZMEYER FRANKLIN PIERCE SCHOOL DISTRICT WABE 2014."— Presentation transcript:
GROUPING STRATEGIES FOR ELLS AND ALL STUDENTS DAVID HOLZMEYER FRANKLIN PIERCE SCHOOL DISTRICT WABE 2014
Content: Learn how to effectively group students Learn strategies for making groups work better Language: Discuss ways to group students and make those groups work more effectively OBJECTIVES
WHAT FEATURES MAKE AN EFFECTIVE SMALL GROUP? Think and then talk about this question with the people near you for 3 minutes Online Stopwatch/ Online Stopwatch
MARZANO SAYS GROUPS MUST HAVE….. They must include every member of the group Each person has a valid job to perform with a known standard of completion Each member is invested in completing the task or learning goal Each member is accountable individually and collectively
THEORETICAL BACKGROUND Communicative language teaching: groups complete assignments, projects, and presentations. Cooperative learning encourages group interaction to help each member become more successful (Kagan, 1999; Sachs, Candlin, Rose, & Shum, 2003).
THEORETICAL BACKGROUND BUT: It’s not enough to just hope for a positive outcome: Group conflict, unbalanced work, and poor interpersonal communication may hinder students’ learning (Robbins & Hunsaker, 2012). When implemented successfully, teamwork can create synergy and encourage interpersonal and cross-cultural communication skills (Robbins & Hunsaker, 2012).
SKILLS TRAINING: GROUP WORK? Students need to be taught how to work in groups – it’s not an automatic skill. Many students have little / no experience, or negative experiences. Students need to understand the value of group work. –Metacognition Teachers need to know how to implement effective teams – quickly!
QUICK GROUPING STRATEGIES *Playing cards (can be random or intentional) *Pre-made popsicle sticks *Pre-made pairing cards, famous pairings (see example) synonyms, etc. *Stand up, take five big steps, and find a partner near you. *Mingle to the music; when it stops, you’ve found your new partner. *Clock partners (see example)
Partner you’ve assigned based on ability/skill levels Partner you’ve assigned based on behavior Partner of their choosing (nearby) Partner of their choosing (far away)
COMPETITIVENESS Jeopardy Points given and taken away corresponding to privileges for the group See which group can come up with the best or most complete answer and give them kudos
SMALL GROUPS Limit group size to 4 students or less in order to let all students to participate
TIME LIMITS 5- 15 time minute chunks Write down on the whiteboard the time when students should be done with a particular task or use an online stopwatch Instill a sense of urgency in students by giving them less time than they think they need and adjusting accordingly
PRESENTATIONS Make every group give a short 3 to 4 minute presentation so if they didn’t work hard they’ll have to endure public ridicule
JIG-SAW Every student does a part of an assignment For example, if there is an assignment with four questions and a group with four students have each student answer one question and then share answers.
HIGH INTEREST TOPICS Immigration Reform Marijuana Legalization $$$$$$$$$ Music
MIX IT UP! OFTEN Don’t always stick with the same groups whether your groups are by ability level or not Students should get used to working with everyone
PERSONALIZATION Students’ personal thoughts and experiences This school This community
INFORMATION GAP ACTIVITIES One group knows things another group doesn’t know and visa versa. For example, parts of a story, information or a poster on the wall that has to be dictated. Information________ Activities
PROBLEM SOLVING Complex problems that require deep thinking or many minds to solve
ALL STUDENTS TURN-IN A PAPER In order to see that all students participated have all students turn-in whatever their group produced
RUBRIC Defines what teacher expects from students, provides example/explanation of how to perform the task.
PROTOCOLS Help a group function more effectively For a list of many group protocols and activities go to http://www.nsrfharmony.org/http://www.nsrfharmony.org/ which is the website for the National School Reform Faculty
Colored Cups Can be used to answer multiple choice questions or to monitor student learning No questions Hesitant/ Unsure Need help right away
GRADED ITEMS 1.Team plan for: communication working together resolving possible conflict 2.Team timeline of major deadlines and goals 3.Final project and/or presentation 4.Team evaluation (completed together) 5.Self evaluation (individual & confidential) 6.Peer evaluation (individual & confidential)
OTHER CONSIDERATIONS Personality profiles (self-awareness) In-class work time Conflict resolution options & escalation Your plan for team members who: have poor attendance don’t do their share of the work receive poor peer evaluations cannot resolve conflict with teammates
USEFUL GROUPING IDEAS With a person sitting next to you, talk about how you will use grouping strategies in an upcoming lesson. Be ready to have one person share out.
QUESTIONS? David Holzmeyer firstname.lastname@example.org DHolzmeyer@pierce.ctc.edu