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Satire and History of the Dividing Line Continued Today, in English… HW: Dialectical Journal due Friday.

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Presentation on theme: "Satire and History of the Dividing Line Continued Today, in English… HW: Dialectical Journal due Friday."— Presentation transcript:

1 Satire and History of the Dividing Line Continued Today, in English… HW: Dialectical Journal due Friday

2 Choose 5 Week 10-11 Vocab words. Record synonyms for each of those 5 words.  Deference  Deleterious  Despondent  Dilettante  Docile  Eminent  Egregious  Encroach  Ethereal  Exacerbate Day 6 – 11/19 Power-Up! Example (from Week 9) 1. Debauchery = corruption 2. Decorous = proper 3. Debilitate = weaken 4. … 5. …

3 REMINDERS!!!!  Grades for this quarter so far:  Persuasive Essay (big) – past due  Context Clues #3 – past due  Post 5 Mini-Project – due now  Dialectical Journal (big) due next class – please be on top of this!!!

4 All About Satire Noun. A literary manner which blends humor with criticism for the purpose of instruction or the improvement of humanity;

5 The Satiric Manner  Ironic/Sarcastic  Either good natured criticism or bitterly cynical denunciation  Always opposed to pretense, affectation, and hypocrisy  More than a little bit prone to references to things society finds taboo or disgusting (bodily functions, sexuality, etc.)

6 Use and Purpose of Satire  All satire is criticism  To reform, persuade and convince  To analyze  To strip away false impressions

7 Writer/Speaker’s Purpose  Any conflict between the ideal and the practical  Any perceived hypocrisy  The purposes of institutions  Political positions  Cultural Standpoints  The actions/ideas of well-known people

8 Satirical Techniques –Direct Satire –Irony –Sarcasm –Ridicule –Exaggeration / Diminutization –Caricature –Parody –Utopianism / Dystopianism

9 Direct Satire = stating a direct criticism humorously. This is the oldest and, historically, most common form of satiric writing. Comedian Dennis Miller’s popular series of books, Rants, are an excellent modern example of direct satire.

10 Irony - language that has two levels of meaning; the first is superficial or literal; the second is critical and often the opposite of the superficial meaning.

11 Sarcasm - extreme techniques of satire; bitter and spiteful comments are made to deliberately hurt the subject  A Political Piece A Political Piece

12 Ridicule - technique used to satirize the faults of others; ridicule makes fun of the subject or derides it with contempt  Student Video: Classroom Student Video: Classroom

13 Caricature = An exaggerated portrayal of the weaknesses, frailties, or humorous aspects of an individual or group.

14 Caricatures of the presidential candidates by Saturday Night Live cast members in ‘03 year actually changed the way that the candidates performed in public.

15 Parody = a work of literature that mimics another work of literature, usually as a way of criticizing it.  Monty Python and the Holy Grail  Austin Powers  Scary Movie/Epic Movie  Gulliver’s Travels  GREASE!!!!

16 Exaggeration = The portrayal of something trivial or unimportant as very important, usually to emphasize its triviality. Diminutization = the portrayal of something perceived as important as something trivial/unimportant to show its unimportance. ** Zoolander and the “fashion world” ** Weird Al’s “Amish Paradise” ** The Rape of the Lock (A. Pope)

17 Utopianism = A criticism of the status quo through comparison with a superior kind of society that highlights the weaknesses of one’s own.  Utopia, by Sir Thomas Moore  Gargantua and Pantegruel  Gulliver’s Travels, Book II

18 Dystopianism = A criticism of certain aspects of society through comparison to an inferior society that adopts some of these aspects.  George Orwell’s 1984  Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World  Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451 * Both Dystopianism and Utopianism use contrast to make point.

19 THE HISTORY OF THE DIVIDING LINE BY WILLIAM BYRD  Pg. 131  Byrd satirizes the aims, character, and practices of earlier settlers of Virginia, dismissing them as idle adventurers.

20 Tonight, for English… HW: Dialectical Journal due next class

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