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Anti-Bullying 101 Gail Watts California Teachers Association Human Rights Department

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Presentation on theme: "Anti-Bullying 101 Gail Watts California Teachers Association Human Rights Department"— Presentation transcript:

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2 Anti-Bullying 101 Gail Watts California Teachers Association Human Rights Department

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4 What Is Bullying?  When was a definition of “bullying” added to the California Education Code?  Can a student in K-12 system be suspended for bullying another student?  Can a student be suspended for a bullying act that doesn’t take place at school?  If a student creates a derogatory facebook page about a teacher, is that free speech or bullying?

5 What Is Bullying? + Intent to hurt + Power to hurt + Hurtful action + Repetition (most of the time) + Secrecy (most of the time) = B U L L Y I N G

6 Is There A Difference Between Bullying and Teasing? VS

7 Bullying Facts And Statistics Almost 30% of youth in the United States are estimated to be involved in bullying as either a victim or bully 60% of those characterized as bullies in grades 6-9 had at least one adult criminal conviction by age 24 and 3 arrests by age 30 Source: National Violence Prevention Center

8 Bullying Facts And Statistics More than 43% of middle school and high school students avoid using school bathrooms for fear of being harassed or assaulted (Mothering) One in fifteen students said they avoided certain places at school because they feared of being attacked (Harvard School of Public Health)

9 Only 25% of students reported that teachers intervene in bullying situations, while 71% of teachers believe they always intervene (Source: When asked, students uniformly expressed the desire that teachers intervene rather than ignore teasing and bullying (Source: Maine Project Against Bullying) Bullying Facts And Statistics

10 College Students: 15% report being bullied. 22% report being cyberbullied 38% of college students knew someone who had been cyberbullied 9% report they had cyberbullied someone else 15% had seen a professor bully a student (US News & World Report, Nov 3, 2011) Workplace:  37% of workers (54 million people) reported they had been bullied at work. (Psychology Today, Feb 2, 2010, Cutting-Edge Leadership) Bullying Facts And Statistics

11 “I was at school every day and had no idea of the horror that was brewing.” - Columbine Principal

12 Types of Bullying  Verbal  Physical  Social / Relational  Cyber  Reactive

13 Verbal Bullying  Using language to gain power over peers.  Most common form of bullying.  Difficult to identify.  May leave lasting psychological impact on victims. Source: About.com, Norfolk County Council, Respect, Examples:  Name-calling  Insults  Jokes  Threats

14 Physical Bullying Examples:  Hitting  Kicking  Groping  Spitting  Shoving  Damaging belongings  Stealing  Use overt bodily acts to gain power over peers.  Generally more obvious.  Physical bullying is rarely the first form of bullying that a target will experience. Source: About.com, Norfolk County Council, Respect,

15 Social / Relational Bullying  Intent to harm reputation or social standing.  Often happens among friends.  2 main methods: make someone feel unwelcome or gain someone’s trust and then break it. Examples:  Telling secrets told in confidence  Spreading rumors/gossip  Exclusion  Breaking up friendships  Encouraging others to ignore or chastise  Ranking or rating others Source: About.com, Norfolk County Council, Respect,

16 Cyber Bullying  Harassment that occurs using technology.  Happens 24/7/365  Students more tech savvy. Unsupervised.  Can be shared with wide audience.  Anonymous but traceable.  Exacerbates effects on victim when used with other forms of bullying. Examples:  Social media (facebook, twitter, etc)  Text, instant message, , chat room posts  Fake websites or social media profiles  Videos, photos About.com, Norfolk County Council, Respect,

17 Reactive Bullying Examples:  Taunting a peer until the peer reacts. Then claims to be a victim.  Causes conflict AND is attacked by peers.  Reactive bullies may target those that have also acted as a bully. Source: About.com,

18 Bullying: Who’s Affected?  Bully  Victim or Target  Bystander / witness – passively watch  Assistant – take part in ridicule or intimidation  Reinforcer – encourage by showing signs of approval  Defender – intervene, distract, discourage Bullying: A Module for Teachers, Sandra Graham,

19 Bullying: Who’s Affected? The VICTIM or TARGET tends to:  Have low self-esteem  Be less popular  Have few or no friends  Social minorities  Be passive  Socially withdrawn  Depressed, anxious and lonely  May blame themselves for predicament Bullying: A Module for Teachers, Sandra Graham,

20 Bullying: Who’s Affected? The BULLY tends to:  Be well connected  Have social power  Have lots of friends  Have high self-esteem  May be overly concerned about their popularity.  May tend to dominate / be in charge of others.  May have inflated self-views

21 Video – What’s Going On

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23 True or False? Based on reported incidences, males bully more than females. True

24 True or False? Because of its prevalence, many accept bullying as part of growing up. True

25 True or False? The United States is the leading country on programs to address bullying. False

26 True or False? Bullies are loners, low academic achievers, insecure and usually have few friends. False

27 True or False? Those who bullied or were bullied as students are likely to become bullies as adults. True

28 True or False? Fighting back or standing up to a bully will stop the behavior. False

29 Anti-bullying Super Heroes Immediate Intervention Strategies: 1.Separate those who are engaged as bullies and victims. Talk to them separately. 2.Create a safe place for those targeted. 3.Delve into behavior of why students are bullying. 4.Hold bystanders accountable.

30 1.Assess the extent of the bullying problem. 2.Ensure that the class understands the definition of bullying 3.Confront students engaged in bullying in a firm and fair manner. 4.Provide appropriate and consistent consequences for bullying. Intervention: Turning Around Bullying Behavior Preventing Classroom Bullying: What Teachers Can Do, Jim Wright,

31 Resources  California Department of Education (www.cde.ca.gov) Learning Support/Safe Schools Sample Bullying Prevention Policy Sample Policy for Conflict Resolution How Does A Caring Adult Talk To A Bully?

32 Resources Classroom Activities Chalk Talk Bully Busters Take Action Now NEA Teaching Tolerance

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