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Chapter 1 – 3 Interactions Among Living things.

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1 Chapter 1 – 3 Interactions Among Living things


3 Natural Selection is that process by which, over time, living things become better suited to their environments. This was first suggested by Charles Darwn in 1859

4 Darwin suggested that through reproduction, natural selection encourages organisms to change and adapt to their environments. Successful evolutionary adaptations ensure the survival of a species.

5 In a famous 1860 court debate with Bishop Samuel Wilberforce, English Biologist Thomas H. Huxley defended evolution:

6 His opponents enjoyed it when Bishop “Soapy Sam” Wilberforce asked him, “Are you descended from an ape, Mr. Huxley, from your mother’s or your father’s side?” Huxley’s reply put Wilberforce’s “science” into perspective. If such a question were to be put to me, Huxley replied, “would I rather have a miserable ape for a grandfather or a man highly endowed by nature and possessed of great influence and yet who employs these faculties and that influence for the mere purpose of introducing ridicule into a grave scientific discussion, I unhesitatingly affirm my preference for the ape.”

7 The role of an organism in its habitat is called its niche. That is, all the actions including feeding, reproduction, living patterns and locations are considered parts of an organism’s niche.

8 Three types of interactions occur among organisms. *Competition *Predation *Symbosis

9 All organisms COMPETE for survival!

10 Competition is the struggle between organisms to survive as they attempt to use the same limited resources.

11 Predation is interaction in which one organism kills another for food.

12 Predator/Prey Adaptations include : Speed, Eyesight False Coloring Camouflage

13 Symbiosis is a relationship between two species that benefits at least one. Three types of Symbiosis include:

14 Mutualism – Both Species Benefit! Yellow-billed Oxpecker & Hippo Stinging Ants and Acacia Tree

15 Commensalism – One species benefits and other is unharmed. Not common in nature. Red-Tailed Hawk & Saguaro Cactus


17 Parasitism – Parasite benefits and host is harmed. Fleas, Ticks, Leeches, Worms, Mites, Chiggers

18 If time, Jumping Asian Carp!

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