Presentation on theme: "Humor! Understanding the World’s Best Medicine in the American Context."— Presentation transcript:
Humor! Understanding the World’s Best Medicine in the American Context
Students Will Be Able To: recognize and use adjectival suffixes to make adjectives out of nouns. identify homonymy. identify jokes (puns) made by taking advantage of homonymy recognize and understand a list of idiomatic expressions. identify jokes made from the idiomatic expressions. ]recognize syntactic ambiguity and by doing so have a better command of word roles identify jokes made by taking advantage of syntactic ambiguity. use vocabulary: ridiculous, ludicrous, outrageous, preposterous, syntactic ambiguity, lexical ambiguity, homonymy, puns Recognize ‘what’ and ‘who’ as subjects. Understand Abbot and Costello’s “Whose on First” Answer questions about ambiguity from the listening “Hu’s the leader of China?” Course Objectives
To be funny is to be: Ridiculous! Ludicrous! Outrageous! Preposterous!
What do these words all have in common? 1. All are Adjectives3. All end in (-ous) 2. All are contrary to our expectations 4. All are possibly: horrible or offensive All end in -ous All are Adjectives + Most important for the purposes of understanding Grammar:
Attaching suffixes in order to Make Adjectives- (-ous) (-ic) Logic+ (-al) = logical (-al) Ludicrous = Ludicre? Spastic = Spasty? Spast? Ridicule + (-ous) = Ridiculous Economy+(-ic) = Economic Outrage + (-ous) = Outrageous Irony + (-ic) = Ironic magic+ (-al) = magical Final = Fin? Finic? Wonder+ (-fu) = wonderful (-ful) Power + (-ful) = powerful Time for Worksheet A! (-ical) Economy + (-ical) = Economical Myth = ical = Mythical Awful – Awe?; Aw?Cynical – Cyny?; Cyn?
Pitiful = to be deserving of or to inspire pity Humongous = To be very big Historical = To be of or pertaining to history Intentional = To be done with purpose Awful = to be terrible, lamentable Ethical = to be in accordance with a particular set of principals Historic = to be so influential or great as to be ensured a place in history Literal = Strictly true and unexaggerated Joyous = to inspire much joy. Geographic = To do with location on Earth Mirthful = To be characterized by good humor and light heart Classic = to be the established and standard model – Classic Rock Whimsical = to tend toward and embrace fantasy Classical = Pertaining to somewhat antiquated – Classical Music Humorous = To have or inspire humor Geographical = To do with location on Earth. Activity A Vocabulary Recap
Ambiguity! Words or phrases that are ambiguous have at least 2 interpretations. A contextually ridiculous or outrageous interpretation of a word or phrase is the funny one. Lexical ambiguity gives rise to Puns !
Lexical ambiguity is often the result of Homonymy Homonymy describes groups of words that differ in meaning but have: the same spelling and pronunciation; the same spelling but different pronunciation; or different spellings but the same pronunciation. 3) Two To Too 1) Bill Bill 2) Horse Hoarse 1) Flower Flour Examples: Same spelling and pronunciation Same spelling, different pronunciation Different spelling, same pronunciation 2) Tired Tired 3) Leaves Leaves 4) Their There They’re 1) Live Live 1) Read Read
-A duck walks into a pharmacy and tells the pharmacist that he wants some chap stick. When the pharmacist asks the duck if he wants to pay cash or credit he says, “Just put it on my bill.” Puns with Homonymy 1. Bill = The ducks beak or beak like organ 2. Bill = The account at a store or business to which we charge items we cannot pay for at that moment. -The bicycle can't stand on its own because it was two-tired. 2. (Two) Tired= The bike has two tires, and so it falls over for lack of support 1. (Too) Tired = The bike is so tired it can no longer stand Time for Worksheet B!
Semantic Ambiguity can also be used to make jokes/puns with Idioms Idioms are traditional expressions that often have a meaning quite different from their literal translation. Examples: 1) “To cost an arm and a leg” 3) “To see right through someone” 4) “To hit the nail on the head” 2) “Excuse my French.” 6) “To let sleeping dogs lie” 5) “To let the cat out of the bag”
Literal Vs. Figurative -Literal is to be strictly true and unexaggerated; to be exact in meaning and description. -Figurative is to be metaphorical, not strictly true or exact in meaning. ! Many times people say that something literally happened, when in fact they are exaggerating! Example: “The bullet passed literally in front of my nose.” -From this example we can surmise that the bullet came very close, however, it likely did not truly pass “in front of (his or her) nose”. Idioms are figurative, in that they are metaphorical and not exact in meaning. Literal translations of idioms are a bit ridiculous, and thereby somewhat comical.
Jokes with Idioms:
Puns with Idioms: Time for Worksheet C!
Worksheet C - Directions Directions: Read the sentences or pun you have been given. Then try to find the person whose pun aligns with your sentences, or the person whose sentences align with your pun. Try to decide if the puns you read are funny or horrible.
Idiomatic Meaning : To have lost something vital and feel terrible Worksheet C Example Grouping Yesterday I accidentally swallowed some food coloring. The doctor says I'm OK, but I feel like I've died (dyed) a little inside. Ridiculous Meaning: To have the color of the internal organs changed
Jokes can be made by taking advantage of Syntactic Ambiguity as well! Syntactic Ambiguity is when the relationships of words in a sentence are not entirely clear, and can change the interpretation of the sentences overall meaning. Examples: 1) A panda walks into a restaurant and eats shoots and leaves. 2) The chicken is ready to eat. 3) Eye Drops Off the Shelf.
The chicken is ready to eat. Syntactic Ambiguity hungry-chicken.jpg s.jpg
A panda walks into a restaurant and eats shoots and leaves. Syntactic/Semantic Ambiguity _eating_3370_473.jpg Time for Worksheet D!
Newspaper Headlines = Ambiguous Headlines - When writing newspaper headlines, many times an editor will write incomplete sentences in order to save space on the page. Examples: - Eye Drops Off the Shelf = “Eye drops are available to be bought off of the shelf” -Miners refuse to work after death = “Miner’s refuse to work after the death of a co-worker.”
Directions: Some students have pictures while others have ambiguous headlines. Students with pictures must move about the room until they find the two students who are holding headlines relevant to each of their pictures. Students with pictures are not allowed to show their pictures but must describe them to other students. Students with headlines are not allowed to share their headline with other students unless they believe that that student’s picture pertains to their headline. Worksheet D – Directions
A panda walks into a restaurant and eats shoots and leaves. Worksheet D - Example _eating_3370_473.jpg Time for Worksheet E! s.jpg
The Role of What and Who -Unlike why, where, and how who, what, can serve as the subject of a sentence. Examples: Q. Who stole my car? A. Who did it should be obvious. Q. What happened? A. What happened is regrettable. **Unlike** Q. Where are your favorite stores? A. Where I like to go is Meijer. Q. Why does he do it?/Why do they do it? A. That is why. Q How is she?/How are they? A. That is how she is.
Who’s on First! First base Third base Second base Home base Man on first: ‘Who’ Man on second: __________ Man on third: __________
Click here to start: Time for Worksheet E!
asser_ _wideweb__300x375.jp g Yasser Arafat _90773e80db_m.jpg Kofi AnnanHu Jintao /W jpg Hu’s (Who’s) The new leader in China
leader-of-china-from-ron Go here to start: Time for Worksheet F! Homonymy in Review!