Presentation on theme: "Satire Ms. P Lit and Comp. Satiric is an Adjective that CAN describe an author’s tone: Uses mild comedy and funny anecdotes Uses gentle humor or wit Uses."— Presentation transcript:
Satire Ms. P Lit and Comp
Satiric is an Adjective that CAN describe an author’s tone: Uses mild comedy and funny anecdotes Uses gentle humor or wit Uses verbal irony Holds up human vices and follies to ridicule and scorn Absolute hatred of people or their follies
Satire as a genre: Literary art of diminishing a subject by making it ridiculous and evoking toward it attitudes of amusement, contempt, scorn or indignation. Takes its form from the genre it spoofs.
Types of Satire: Horatian satire--After the Roman satirist Horace: Satire in which the voice is indulgent, tolerant, amused, and witty. The speaker holds up to gentle ridicule the absurdities and follies of human beings, aiming at producing in the reader not the anger of a Juvenal, but a wry smile. Juvenalian satire--After the Roman satirist Juvenal: Formal satire in which the speaker attacks vice and error with contempt and indignation. Juvenalian satire in its realism and its harshness is in strong contrast to Horatian satire.
Horatian Satire Humorous, Sarcastic, and Satiric Tone “Out loud” funny Playfully criticizes some social vice through gentle, mild, and light-hearted humor. It directs wit, exaggeration, and self- deprecating humor toward what it identifies as folly, rather than evil. Examples: The Onion, The Simpsons, Family Guy, The Jeffersons Juvenalian Satire Satiric and Sardonic Tone Dark humor More contemptuous and abrasive than the Horatian Addresses social evil through scorn, outrage, and savage ridicule. This form is often pessimistic, characterized by irony, sarcasm, moral indignation and personal invective, with less emphasis on humor. Examples: The Colbert Report, The Daily Show, South Park, Fahrenheit 451, Animal Farm, Lord of the Flies
Other Terms that Relate to Satire: Burlesque-- A form of comedy characterized by ridiculous exaggeration and distortion.A serious subject may be treated frivolously or a frivolous subject seriously. The essential quality that makes for burlesque is the discrepancy between subject matter and style. That is, a style ordinarily dignified may be used for nonsensical matter, or a style very nonsensical may be used to ridicule a weighty subject. Parody--A composition that imitates the serious manner and characteristic features of a particular work, or the distinctive style of its maker, and applies the imitation to a lowly or comically inappropriate subject. Often a parody is more powerful in its influence on affairs of current importance--politics for instance-- than its original composition. It is a variety of burlesque. Irony--Saying one thing and meaning another.