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The Values that Drive IM4Q – Historical and Today IM4Q Annual Statewide Training Presented by: Bill Krebs and Guy Caruso.

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Presentation on theme: "The Values that Drive IM4Q – Historical and Today IM4Q Annual Statewide Training Presented by: Bill Krebs and Guy Caruso."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Values that Drive IM4Q – Historical and Today IM4Q Annual Statewide Training Presented by: Bill Krebs and Guy Caruso

2 Values are Principles You: Select Freely From Others Act Upon Repeatedly Consistently - Rokeach, 1978

3 Values Exist at the Levels of: Decisions are Values in Conflict Civilization Culture Society Nation State County Provider Program Unit Shift Person

4 Disability Rights Movement Struggle to gain full citizenship Demand for equality, independence, autonomy, access to public life Integration vs. “separate but equal” Source: American History Museum, Smithsonian Institution

5 In other words… “No More Pity” “Access not excuses” “I’m not dead yet” “I am not a case, and I don’t need to be managed”

6 Common Reactions to Disability Assumptions about level of functioning Focus on limitations Fear Ignore the person Patronize Pity

7 Knowledge is Needed Many Americans: Are not aware of the amount of ongoing advocacy needed to ensure equal rights for people with disabilities. Do not know what the history of disability has been internationally and nationally. Knowledge is Power

8 Historically… People with disabilities have been forced into dependency. Others speak for them, label them take care of them… often with the best intentions. Source: American History Museum, Smithsonian Institution

9 Common Negative and Devalued Roles Assigned to People with Disabilities Subhuman creature or thing: animal, vegetable, object Menace: a threat to society Object of ridicule: to be laughed at and made fun of Object of pity: a victim Object of charity: a burden Holy innocent: child of God Patient: diseased, ill Eternal Child Commodity: $ can be made by serving the person Dying, already dead, close to dead

10 Typical Life Experiences of People with Disabilities Persons viewed by society as different: Become devalued by society Are put into devalued, negative social roles Are rejected, segregated, and congregated Are marked and labeled in negative ways Are oppressed, punished and even physically hurt

11 New Understandings -Disability is part of the human experience. -Barriers are not created by disability, but by society’s response to it. -People with disabilities have a right to participate in all facets of life. -Society has a responsibility to remove the barriers that exclude them.

12 Parents Change Values of the Day Questioning the statement:“Nothing can be done for your child.” Belief that society has a responsibility to help people with disabilities have decent lives Advocate for laws that improve education, rehabilitation and civil rights

13 Institutions = Time Bombs We let them grow and accepted their “rightness.”

14 De-institutionalization & Normalization Public exposure of inhumane conditions in institutions Families’ desire for children to live at home, attend school, and be part of the community Source: Disability History Museum

15 The Pennsylvania Mental Health/Mental Retardation (MH/MR) Act of 1967: The seeds of deinstitutionalization & normalization

16 Photographs from Blatt’s “Christmas in Purgatory”


18 Forces of Deinstitutionalization President John F. Kennedy acknowledged his sister Rosemary and put money toward community services Celebrities speak up – Roy & Dale Evans, Pearl Buck, 38 th Vice President Hubert Humphrey Exposes- Blatt’s, Geraldo Rivera (Willowbrook), PA ARC Pennhurst lawsuit Parent Movement Normalization/Valued Social Roles - Wolfensberger

19 Normalization- Valued Social Roles 1970’s Wolfensberger Normalization led to deinstitutionalization and creation of community services (lead a life like everyone else) 1990’s Normalization changed to Social Role Valorization (SRV) stating that valued roles are crucial to acceptance and a valued life (e.g. worker, artist, home owner)

20 L.C. & E.W. v. Olmstead In 1999, two women with mental retardation, were voluntarily admitted to a psychiatric unit of a Georgia state hospital. It was determined that the women were qualified to receive care in an appropriate community-based program, but the women were placed on a waiting list for the services and remained institutionalized. The women filed suit against Georgia officials, alleging a violation of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) for the state's failure to place them in a community-based program. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that states are required to provide community-based services for people with mental disabilities if treatment professionals determine that it is appropriate and the individuals do not object to such placement.

21 L.C. & E.W. v. Olmstead The Court concluded that states are responsible for community-based placement if they have the available resources to provide community-based services. The Court also required that states demonstrate that they have a comprehensive, effective working plan, including timetables and progress reports, for placing qualified people in less restrictive settings. States that maintain waiting lists must make a good faith effort to move people on the list to community programs at a reasonable pace.

22 Before the Olmstead Decision… State hospitals and institutions house many individuals with developmental disabilities and mental health issues The 90s brings the closing of many institutions as people move into communities of their choice

23 Brief History of How Human Services Have Served People with Disabilities Time PeriodValuesTreatment Ancient Greece Fitness/WholenessLeft to Die Medieval Period RationalityPut to Death Early Colonial AppropriatenessPut to Death Age of Reason Education/Learnin g Taught 1850’s Education/Learnin g (Correct Deviancy) Small Residential Schools

24 Time PeriodValuesTreatment 1848 Dix’s – Isolated land for the “Wards of the Nation” 1859 Darwin’s – Origin of the Species 1869 Galton’s – Eugenics Movement 1870’s Protection/Asylum/S helter/Child Role Isolated/Segregated Havens 1880’s Pity/CharityProtected/Bare Essentials Alarm Period (1910-1920) Menace/DangerousCastrated/Isolated/ Segregated & Persecuted 1916/Binet IQ/Labeling/ Standardization Segregated & Congregated

25 Time PeriodValuesTreatment 1930-1960 Do not belong, sick, defective, unfit and unproductive Patients/Out of sight & mind, less than 1940’s Germany Not Human/ Unfit Holocaust/ Death 1950-1970 SubhumanInstitutions like worst prison 1950’s Parent Control/ Reform/Change ARC & UCP developed 1960’s Awareness (President JFK) $$ for Change

26 Time PeriodValuesTreatment 1970’s Normalization (Rights & Presence) (Outrage/Legal Action Control by Person, Demedicalization Deinstitutionalization & Integration Centers for Independent Living 1980’s – 1990’s Integration Social Role Valorization Self-advocacy/ System Change Community Living/Clients Valued Roles Voices heard/ADAPT 1990’s – Today Self-determination Person-centered Inclusion Relationships Drives Action Individualized Part of Community Friends Beyond Tomorrow ????

27 IM4Q Begins in 1999 – A Safeguard Driven by Families and People with Disabilities The purpose of Pennsylvania’s IM4Q is to collect information about, as well as to improve the quality of life of people with intellectual disabilities who are served and supported within the ODP system ODP’s vision is that everyone has the opportunity to live an everyday life IM4Q was developed as the key data collection method to measure if a person has an everyday life

28 Focus of IM4Q Driven by Values Former Values Denial of Rights/Abuse Devalued Roles Labeled –Patient/Client Dependence Limited Relationships (staff/clients) Segregation/Exclusion Non-productivity/Idleness Few Choices/Limited Control Today’s Values Rights/Protection Valued Roles Citizen Independence & Interdependence Full Relationships (family/community) Integration/Inclusion Productivity/Action Many Choices/Maximum Control

29 REMEMBER!!!! Ed Roberts, the founder of the Independent Living Movement said: “ Disability is an equal opportunity club and anyone of us can join on any given day.” When do you think you or a loved one will join?

30 Questions/Discussion Let’s Talk About the Values of IM4Q

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