Presentation on theme: "SATIRE REVIEW ENGLISH III. SATIRE Satire is a literary genre that uses irony, wit, and sometimes sarcasm to expose humanity’s vices and imperfections,"— Presentation transcript:
SATIRE Satire is a literary genre that uses irony, wit, and sometimes sarcasm to expose humanity’s vices and imperfections, shedding light on the need for change or reform through ridicule. There is a satirical spectrum that ranges from HORATIAN SATIRE to JUVENALIAN SATIRE Horatian satire seeks to criticize rather than attack and is a much gentler, more tolerant and sympathetic form. It’s purpose is to make us laugh at human folly, not hold the subject of the satire up for intense scrutiny. Juvenalian satire seeks to attack and is a much harsher form. It’s purpose is much more serious and uses heightened and specific language to address the subject of the satire with scrutiny and scorn.
SATIRICAL DEVICES – SEE SB PG. 174-175 IRONY – a mode of expression through words or events that convey a reality different from or opposite of what is expected. HYPERBOLE – deliberate exaggeration; overstatement LITOTES – a form of understatement that involves making a point by denying its opposite CARICATURE – an exaggeration or other distortion of an individual’s prominent features or characteristics to the point of making that individual look ridiculous. WIT – clever expression, whether aggressive or harmless SARCASM – intentional mockery, generally directed at another person and intended to hurt; usually involved obvious verbal irony RIDICULE – words intended to belittle a person or idea and arouse contemptuous laughter PARODY – exploits the peculiarities of a person’s expression INVECTIVE – speech or writing that abuses, denounces or attacks
Let’s analyze this cartoon together! Is this cartoon an example of Juvenalian or Horatian satire? What is the implied message of the artist? What satirical elements does the artist use effectively to convey the message? Is the cartoon effective in presenting the implied message?
GROUP PRACTICE 1. In a small group (4 – 5 people), discuss and analyze the cartoon you were given by the teacher. Address each of the following questions in one coherent, cohesive, 8 – 10 sentence paragraph response: Is this cartoon an example of Juvenalian or Horatian satire? What is the implied message of the artist? What satirical elements does the artist use effectively to convey the message? Is the cartoon effective in presenting the implied message? ***Everyone will need to record the group’s response because each person will need their own copy of the group’s written response as a review tool for the final exam.
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