Presentation on theme: "Badminton. 1.Definition Badminton is a racquet sport played by either two opposing players (singles) or two opposing pairs (doubles), who take positions."— Presentation transcript:
1.Definition Badminton is a racquet sport played by either two opposing players (singles) or two opposing pairs (doubles), who take positions on opposite halves of a rectangular court that is divided by a net. Players score points by striking a shuttlecock with their racquet so that it passes over the net and lands in their opponents' half of the court. A game ends once the shuttlecock has struck the floor, and each side may only hit the shuttlecock once before it passes over the net.
2.Playground and its Equipment The court is rectangular and divided into halves by a net. Courts are usually marked for both singles and doubles play, although the laws permit a court to be marked for singles only. The doubles court is wider than the singles one, but both are the same length. The exception, which often causes confusion to newer players, is that the doubles court has a shorter serve-length dimension. The full width of the court is 6.1 metres (20 ft), and in singles this width is reduced to 5.18 metres (17 ft). The full length of the court is 13.4 metres (44 ft). The service courts are marked by a centre line dividing the width of the court, by a short service line at a distance of 1.98 metres (6 ft 6 inch) from the net, and by the outer side and back boundaries. In doubles, the service court is also marked by a long service line, which is 0.76 metres (2 ft 6 inch) from the back boundary. The net is 1.55 metres (5 ft 1 inch) high at the edges and 1.524 metres (5 ft) high in the centre. The net posts are placed over the doubles sidelines, even when singles is played.
3.Shuttlecock A shuttlecock (often abbreviated to shuttle) is a high-drag projectile, with an open conical shape: the cone is formed from sixteen overlapping feathers embedded into a rounded cork base. The cork is covered with thin leather or synthetic material. Synthetic shuttles are often used by recreational players to reduce their costs as feathered shuttles break easily. These nylon shuttles may be constructed with either natural cork or synthetic foam base, and a plastic skirt. Additionally, nylon shuttlecocks come in three varieties, each variety for a different range of temperatures. These three varieties are known as green (slow speed which will give you an extra 40% hang time/shot length), blue (middle speed), and red (fast speed). The colours, and therefore speeds, are indicated by coloured strips fastened around the cork. In colder temperatures, a faster shuttle is used, and in hotter climates, a slower one is chosen.
4.Racket The racket comprises a frame not exceeding 680 mm in length and 230 mm in width. A handle is a part of the racket used to capture its tension. A head is a part of the racket used to bounce the dart. The racquet is flat and it consists of a pattern of crossed or interwoven strands wrapped in the tenision fields.It does not exceed 280 mm in length and 220 mm in width. A cap connects the handle with the head.
5.Serve Proper Service Plans: a) The serving and receiving should take place on diagonally opposite service fields, without touching the boundary lines of these fields; b) The serving and receiving must remain in contact with the surface of the pitch from the beginning of serving until its completion; c) The shuttlecock should be below the server's waist; d) The server should place a racket below the hand holding the racket; e) It is permitted (both on site as well as in the game) to touch the mesh dart.
6.Single Game Serving and receiving courts You will serve from, and receive in, the right service court when you or your opponent has scored an even number of points in that game. You will serve from, and receive in, the left service court when you or your opponent has scored an odd number of points in that game. You and your opponent will hit the shuttle alternately until a 'fault' is made or the shuttle ceases to be in play. Scoring and serving You score a point and serve again from the alternate service court when your opponent makes a 'fault' or the shuttle ceases to be in play because it touches the surface of your opponent's side of court. No points will be scored when you make a 'fault' or the shuttles ceases to be in play because it touches the surface of your side of court. The serving right will then be transferred to your opponent.
7.Doubles At the start of the game, and each time a side gains the right to serve, the service should be delivered from the right service court. Only your opponent standing diagonally opposite you can return the service. Should your opponent's partner touched or hit the shuttle, it is a 'fault' and your side scores a point. Scoring and serving. If you are serving or receiving first at the start of any game, you will serve or receive in the right service court when your side or your opponent's side has scored an even number of points. You will serve from or receive in the left service court when your side or your opponent's side has scored an odd number of points. The reverse pattern will apply to your partner. In any game, the right to serve passes consecutively from the initial server to the initial receiver, then to that initial's receiver's partner, then to the opponent who is due to serve from the right service court, then to that player's partner, and so on. You will not serve out of turn, receive out of turn, or receive two consecutive services in the same game.