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Rainwater Disinfection Options Presented By Jack Holmgreen, ARCSA-AP, WTS III SparkleTap Water Company.

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Presentation on theme: "Rainwater Disinfection Options Presented By Jack Holmgreen, ARCSA-AP, WTS III SparkleTap Water Company."— Presentation transcript:

1 Rainwater Disinfection Options Presented By Jack Holmgreen, ARCSA-AP, WTS III SparkleTap Water Company

2 Licensing & Regulatory Requirements The 77 th Texas Legislature in June 2001 passed legislation transferring the legal authority to Chapter 341 of the Texas Water Code and designating the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) as the licensing agency for Water Treatment Specialist (WTS) licenses. The legislative goal is “to insure the public health and to protect the public from unqualified persons engaging in activities related to water treatment.” The TCEQ can be contacted at the address below. Texas Commission on Environmental Quality Compliance Support Division (MC-178) Operator Certification Program P.O. Box Austin, TX Water Treatment - as defined by this act, “Water treatment means a business conducted under contract that requires experience in analysis of water, including the ability to determine how to treat influent and effluent water, to alter or purify water, and to add or remove mineral, chemical, or bacterial content or substance. The term also includes the installation and service of potable water treatment equipment in public or private water systems and making connections necessary to complete installation of a water treatment system.” Water Treatment Equipment – Appliances used to alter or purify water or alter a mineral, or bacterial content or substance. Water Treatment Specialist (WTS) – A person who is licensed to perform water treatment on a contractual basis. Disinfection – A process to cleanse of pathogenic microorganisms.

3 Licensing Requirements Water Treatment Specialist License Information Water Treatment Specialist License Type & Level Validity Period Application Fee Education Required Experience Required Training RequiredExam Required Class I Water Treatment Specialist 3 Years$111None Yes Class II Water Treatment Specialist 3 Years$111 Less than High School Diploma High School diploma or GED 1 Year of College 3 Years 2 Years 1 Year Basic Water Conditioning Course Yes Class III Water Treatment Specialist 3 Years$111 High School Diploma or GED 2 years of College Bachelor's Degree 3 Years 2 Years 1 Year Basic Water Conditioning Course and the Advanced Water Conditioning Course Yes

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5 Disinfection Methods Boiling Iodine Chlorination Solarization UV Irradiation Ozonation Microfiltration Ultrafiltration

6 Chlorination Kills most bacteria, viruses and fungi Set-up and maintenance costs low Residual free chlorine remains Affected by organic matter loads Affected by pH and temperature Disinfection by-products remain Cryptosporidium & Giardia are resistant

7 Solarization The SODIS efficiency is dependent on the amount of solar energy available: Expose the bottle to the sun for 6 hours if the sky is cloudless or up to 50% cloudy. Expose the bottle to the sun for 2 consecutive days if the sky is more than 50% cloudy. At a water temperature of at least 50°C (122°F), 1 hour exposure time is sufficient. During days of continuous rainfall, SODIS does not perform satisfactorily. Rainwater harvesting or boiling is recommended during these days

8 UV Irradiation Not affected by pH Inexpensive and easy to install Flow rate must be matched to unit Flow pattern must keep chamber full Water must be clear and free of suspended solids Crystal sleeve/tube must be kept clean UV bulb must be replaced annually Does not affect algae May not inactivate Giardia & Cryptosporidium No residual

9 Ozone Recirculating System

10 Ozone Ozone is effective over a wide range of pH Kills algae as well as microbes Eliminates a variety of organic and inorganic compounds Does not add chemicals Limited residual Could produce harmful by-products May need ozone destructor post treatment Escaping ozone is fire and toxicity hazard Closed System

11 Micro & Ultra-filtration Microfiltration is 0.2 micron absolute Ultrafiltration is 0.02 micron absolute Not affected by pH No chemicals or by-products Some loss of pressure May need pre-treatment No residual

12 Newer Technology Nanoalumina bonded to microglass fibers Photodisinfection with very high intensity LED light Electrolyzed water

13 Contact Info & Links Texas Water Quality Association 1904 San Houston Drive Phone: (361) Victoria, TX Fax: (361) Website: SparkleTap Water Company 2951 Marina Bay Dr, # Phone: (281) League City, TX Fax: (281) Website: blog: Berkeley Springs International Water Tasting Competition GOLD MEDAL WINNER for PURIFIED WATER


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