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Healthy Teen Relationships: Preventing Teen Dating Violence Developed by Karen A. Duncan, M.A, LSW, LMFT The Right To Be Safe, Inc. www.theright2besafe.org.

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Presentation on theme: "Healthy Teen Relationships: Preventing Teen Dating Violence Developed by Karen A. Duncan, M.A, LSW, LMFT The Right To Be Safe, Inc. www.theright2besafe.org."— Presentation transcript:

1 Healthy Teen Relationships: Preventing Teen Dating Violence Developed by Karen A. Duncan, M.A, LSW, LMFT The Right To Be Safe, Inc.

2 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan Purpose of this program To highlight for teens what it means to have a healthy relationship during adolescence. To encourage fun and safe dating for teens. To provide information to identify when relationships are not safe. To encourage teens to talk to an adult who can help. To educate parents and schools about teen dating violence. To advocate for classroom education programs with middle school and high school students.

3 Part One What Teens Deserve

4 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan What Teens Deserve: Teens have the right to respect. Teens have the right to kindness. No one has the right to touch someone else. Teens have the right to be asked about what they want to do and where they want to go when dating. Respect for their bodies. Freedom from harassment and abuse. Dating is about getting to know another person.

5 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan What Teens Need When Dating Safe places to meet and be together. Some adult supervision when at parties. Talking about their values and beliefs. Less pressure and more relaxed friendships. Acceptance to be who they are as a person. Remember that trust is earned – people give us reasons to trust them!

6 Date Rape Drugs What Girls & Boys Need to Know

7 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan Date Rape is Serious! There were 209,880 sexual assaults in the United States in 2003.

8 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan Date Rape Date rape is a term used to describe when someone rapes or sexually assaults someone that they know. Date rape happens too often to girls.

9 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan Date Rape Date rape drugs are specific drugs that are used by people in the rape of another person. Rape and sexual assault is any kind of sexual activity that a person does not agree to!

10 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan Date Rape Drugs Common Date Rape Drugs: – GHB – A liquid with no odor or color; a white powder or pill. – Rohypnol – A pill that dissolves in liquids. Newer pills turn blue in liquid. Older pills have no color. – Ketamine – A white powder. Used with animals to put them to sleep. – Alcohol – Impairs judgment, memory and ability to judge risk or to give full consent.

11 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan What Teenage Boys Can Do: Stand against sexual assault and violence. Speak to friends they know are abusive. Encourage friends to get help from an adult. Admit that violence is a weapon to gain power and control. Talk about how you value healthy relationships.

12 Part Two Frequency

13 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan Prevalence of Teen Dating Violence (1) Prevalence: – Up to 24.4% of adolescent females. – Up to 9.9% of adolescent males. – Experience physical and/or sexual violence in dating relationships, and emotional and verbal abuse. (1) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2003).

14 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan Prevalence of Teen Dating Violence Sexual assault: (2) – 11.9% of girls – 6.1% of boys – 12.3% of Black students – 10.4% of Hispanic students – 7.3% of White students (2) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2003). Physical assault: (3) – 45.5% of girls – 42.2% of boys – Girls are more frequently and more severely injured than boys. (3) California Student Survey ( ).

15 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan A Pathway to Violence Sexual Abuse Physical Abuse Emotional/Verbal Abuse

16 Part Three: Gender Differences TDV: Teen Dating Violence

17 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan Gender Differences in TDV: Overall Frequency (4) Frequency for students who ever dated: – 36.4% of girls – 37.1% of boys Conclusion: Males and female experience different types of dating violence. (4) Prevention Researcher (February, 2000)

18 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan Gender Differences in TDV: Types of Violence (4) Girls report more severe violence: – Punched – Forced sexual activity – Choked – Threatened with a weapon

19 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan Gender Differences in TDV: Types of Violence (4) Boys report less severe forms of violence: – Hair pulled – Scratched – Slapped – Pinched – Kicked

20 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan Gender Differences in TDV: Impact of Violence (4) Boys report of the impact of the worst incidence of dating violence: – No effect (did not hurt at all). – Little effect (hurt me a little). In 90% of the incidents. Girls report of the impact of the worst incidence of dating violence: – Hurt me a lot (47.8% of incidences). – Physical injury: bruises and medical attention (33.6% of incidences). – Not hurt at all (8.7% of incidences).

21 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan Gender Differences in TDV: Reactions to Violence (4) Boys: – Laughed. – Ignored it. (4) Prevention Researcher (February 2000) Girls: – Fought back (36%)*. – Tried to talk to their partners. – Obeyed their partner. *Self-defense will account for a percentage of girls aggression in dating violence.

22 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan Gender Differences in TDV: Initiation of Violence (4) Girls reported their dating partners initiated the abuse 70% of the time. Boys reported their dating partners initiated the abuse 27% of the time.

23 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan Gender Differences in TDV: Reasons for the Violence (4) Boys: Reported they had been making sexual advances (17.1%). Their own jealousy turned to violence (21%). They were drunk at the time they were they violent (36.8%). Girls: Victimized while partners were making sexual advances (37%). Their own jealousy turned to violence (10%). They were drunk at the time (9.4%). Partners drunk at the time (55%).

24 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan Reporting TDV (4) Less than 3% of students reported the abusive incident to authorities (police, counselor or teacher). Only 6% recounted the incident to a family member. 61% told a friend. Over 30% told no one at all.

25 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan Who Witnesses TDV (4) Most of the abusive incidences occurred while the couple was alone: Girls: 60% of the time alone. Someone present: 40% of the time when victim. Boys: 51% of the time alone. Someone present: 49% of the time when victim. (4) Prevention Researcher (February 2000)

26 Part Four Effects of TDV

27 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan Impact of Teen Dating Violence School Safety Health and Well- Being Future Victimization Future Offending Academic Achievement

28 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan School Safety March 27, 2003 (Austin, Texas) a 15 year old sophomore broke up with her 16 year old boyfriend. Told teachers he was becoming increasingly violent with her. Two hours later she was stabbed to death by the ex-boyfriend as school let out.

29 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan School Safety (5) Dating violence is a form of school violence. A high percentage of abuse occurs on school grounds. Victims see their offenders at school. Harassment and intimidation occurs. Rumors of the violence. Student are aware of how often dating violence is occurring among their peers and friends. (5) Harvard School of Public Health (2001).

30 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan School Safety (5) Victims of TDV are more likely than classmates to be involved in other forms of campus violence: – More like to carry a gun or other weapon to school. – More likely to be threatened or injured with a weapon at school. – More likely to have been in a physical fight.

31 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan School Safety (5) Results in: – Fears and anxieties. – Secondary traumatization of witnesses. – Secrecy and denial. – Continuation of victimization. – Continuation of offending. (5) Harvard School of Public Health (2001).

32 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan Health and Well-Being (6) Anxiety, Depression and Dissociation. Physical health is effected. Emotional well-being is effected. Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Teen Pregnancy. Substance abuse. (6) Duncan, K. “Health Impact of Sexual Trauma and Family Violence” (Presentation at the Eastern Conference 2006 )

33 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan Future Victimization (7) When physical assault reoccurs in teen relationships it can create a pathway to domestic violence. Rape and sexual assault occurs across a woman’s lifetime. Sexual violence in adolescence increases the likely of future sexual violence. (7) National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (www.cdc.gov)www.cdc.gov

34 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan Future Offending (8) Males begin abusive behavior toward partners early in life. By their early twenties young males already have a substantial history of violence toward females. Legal intervention is needed as well as early prevention programs for boys/young males. (8) Prevention Researcher (2000).

35 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan Academic Achievement (9) Disruption of: Academic performance. Motivation to achieve. Attendance at school. Engage in harmful behaviors. (9) Duncan, K. (2005); California Department of Education (2004).

36 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan Legal Ramifications (10) In 1972 Congress amended Title IX to end sex discrimination in schools. Supreme Court (1999) held up that a student subjected to sexual harassment by another student has a private action for money damages against the school. – School liable if “deliberately indifferent”. (10) California Attorney General’s Office (2004)

37 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan Legal Barriers/Hurdles (11) Laws on domestic violence do not necessarily extend to adolescents. Adolescents do not have access to remedies often afforded to adults: – Protective orders from the courts. Shelters will provide services but most states prevent continued services without parental notification. Courts can help in terms of prosecution with adolescents. (11) Prevention Researcher (2000).

38 Part Five Intervention Strategies

39 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan School Interventions Conduct a school assessment on violence. Develop primary prevention education programs targeted toward boys and parents. Implement prevention education on TDV at each grade level starting in 5 th grade and continuing through 12 th grade.

40 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan School Interventions Make sexual harassment (sexual bullying) a part of anti-bullying programs – focus on the type of bully who most often perpetuates this type of violence.. Specific definitions give to students and staff. Anonymous reporting by peers. Non-judgmental listening. On-going information to students and parents – monthly newsletter, flyers, announcements, posters.

41 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan School Interventions Linkages within the community– Indiana Coalition Against Sexual Assault. and Focus on decreasing acceptance of TDV: – Acknowledge violence attitudes. – Challenge male attitudes of entitlement to control and abuse females. – Challenge females attitudes of acceptance of these cultural beliefs.

42 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan School Interventions Specialized training for counselors and social workers in the schools. Adapt programs that meet teens needs. Ideas: – Write plays about teen violence. – Guest Speakers. – Show films.School newspaper. – Art posters. Focus on certain groups.

43 Part Six Mitigating the Effects

44 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan Mitigating the Effects of TDV Act as a referral source for teens and parents. Offer information about the effects of TDV: – Unplanned pregnancy and STD’s. – Physical health effects. – Continued victimization. – Continued offending.

45 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan Mitigating the Effects of TDV Offer support groups for both victims and offenders. Provide one-on-one counseling and referral. Report violence to authorities. Get parents involved. Creating safe school environments are a priority.

46 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan Resources: 1. The Right To Be Safe: Healthy Teen Relationships. 2. WEBCAST: Dating and Violence Should Never Be A Couple U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 3. The Role of Educators in Preventing and Responding to Child Abuse and Neglect. 4. Centers for Disease Control: – Compendium of Assessment Tools for Youth Violence Gender Stereotyping Victimization in Dating Relationships Perpetration in Dating Relationships

47 Teen Dating ViolenceKaren Duncan Handouts: Take the time to look at the handouts that go with this program and are listed below: – Twelve Indications of A Violent Personality. – Three Common Date-Rape Drugs. What Girls Need to Know What Boys Need to Know – Healthy Relationships – Talk to someone who can help! – Admit there is a problem.

48 Being Safe is Your Right! Write to us if you have questions or need to talk to someone!


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