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Capital of Culture 2008: contested narratives of development and identity Steve Little, Centre for Innovation Knowledge and Enterprise, Open University.

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Presentation on theme: "Capital of Culture 2008: contested narratives of development and identity Steve Little, Centre for Innovation Knowledge and Enterprise, Open University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Capital of Culture 2008: contested narratives of development and identity Steve Little, Centre for Innovation Knowledge and Enterprise, Open University Business School, U.K Steve Little, Centre for Innovation Knowledge and Enterprise, Open University Business School, U.K. www.stephenelittle.com www.design-and-determination.com

2 Liverpool as contested symbol: creativity and decline EU Priority One fundingEU Priority One funding Music and MilitancyMusic and Militancy 1980s Militant council1980s Militant council –Radical city –Unstable base for conventional left Conflicting associations of accentConflicting associations of accent –Call centres – good –Business – bad –TV drama - stereotypical villain/scally

3 Liverpool as Cross-roads: Cultural and Physical Atlantic Port and Triangular TradeAtlantic Port and Triangular Trade –Former track of imperial trade and migration –First generation multiculturalism Europe’s oldest ChinatownEurope’s oldest Chinatown Welsh streetsWelsh streets Newer tracks across an expanded EuropeNewer tracks across an expanded Europe New node for low-cost air travelNew node for low-cost air travel

4 Liverpool’08 Local government support of landmark eventLocal government support of landmark event –Change of image for outsiders & encouragement of investment –Change of self-perception for residents Private SectorPrivate Sector –Cue to unlock a land-bank –Physical development agenda

5 Picket and Unemployed Centre Association with “old politics”Association with “old politics” “Student other” within a trade union milieu“Student other” within a trade union milieu Loss of purpose for host organisationLoss of purpose for host organisation

6 Saving the Picket www.savethepicket.com set upwww.savethepicket.com www.savethepicket.com/legacy.html

7 A legacy of resistance Bailey, C. (2006) ‘The Liverpool Dockworkers' Strike 1995-9 and the Internet’ paper presented at Int. Conf. on Global Companies - Global Unions, Global Research - Global Campaigns, Cornell Global Labor Institute, New York, February 2006Bailey, C. (2006) ‘The Liverpool Dockworkers' Strike 1995-9 and the Internet’ paper presented at Int. Conf. on Global Companies - Global Unions, Global Research - Global Campaigns, Cornell Global Labor Institute, New York, February 2006 Carter et al (2003) Carter, C., Clegg, S., Hogan, J. and Kornberger, M. (2003), The Polyphonic Spree: The Case of the Liverpool Dockers, Industrial Relations Journal, 34:4Carter et al (2003) Carter, C., Clegg, S., Hogan, J. and Kornberger, M. (2003), The Polyphonic Spree: The Case of the Liverpool Dockers, Industrial Relations Journal, 34:4 Castree, N (2000) ‘Geographic Scale and Grassroots Internationalism: The Liverpool Dock Dispute, 1995-98’, Economic Geography, 76 (3), 272-92.Castree, N (2000) ‘Geographic Scale and Grassroots Internationalism: The Liverpool Dock Dispute, 1995-98’, Economic Geography, 76 (3), 272-92. Routledge, P (2003) ‘Convergence space: process geographies of grassroots globalization networks’ Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 28 (3), 333-349.Routledge, P (2003) ‘Convergence space: process geographies of grassroots globalization networks’ Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 28 (3), 333-349.

8 Relocation, Relocation Opportunity through creation of the Independent DistrictOpportunity through creation of the Independent District Web-site bridges between old and newWeb-site bridges between old and new New web-based resourcesNew web-based resources –support for on-line bookings –links to performers –e-space for supporters and patrons

9 Building a Brand Portfolio Liverpool BiennialLiverpool Biennial A FoundationA Foundation Independent DistrictIndependent District

10 What’s in a Name ? Independent DistrictIndependent District Baltic TriangleBaltic Triangle Waterfront Business Park, Liverpool 1Waterfront Business Park, Liverpool 1

11 Leveraging Creativity Florida R. (2002) The Rise of the Creative Class: And How It's Transforming Work, Leisure Community and Everyday Life s New York: Basic BooksFlorida R. (2002) The Rise of the Creative Class: And How It's Transforming Work, Leisure Community and Everyday Life s New York: Basic Books Florida R. (2005) The Flight of the Creative Class: the new global competition for talent New York: HarperCollinsFlorida R. (2005) The Flight of the Creative Class: the new global competition for talent New York: HarperCollins Markusen A. and King D. (2003) The Artistic Dividend: the arts’ hidden contributions to regional development Minneapolis: Humphrey Institute of Public AffairsMarkusen A. and King D. (2003) The Artistic Dividend: the arts’ hidden contributions to regional development Minneapolis: Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs Peck J. (2005)‘Struggling with the Creative Class International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 29 (4) 740-770Peck J. (2005)‘Struggling with the Creative Class International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 29 (4) 740-770

12 Contested progress towards ‘08 June 2006: “Archergate” Resignation of Robyn Archer, Artistic DirectorJune 2006: “Archergate” Resignation of Robyn Archer, Artistic Director –mistrust of “outsider” –Complaints of ”top-down” approach to culture –Demands for more emphasis on local components and activities October 2006: Concerns over impacts of developmentOctober 2006: Concerns over impacts of development –Inspection of world heritage waterfront September 2007: Re-engagement with local identitySeptember 2007: Re-engagement with local identity –Phil (Brookside) Redmond –Ringo and Paul plus contemporary musicians

13 Working things out

14 Summing Up StoryStory –Unintended consequences of a real-estate driven agenda Lesson so farLesson so far –Grass roots sustained through new technologies Initial surveys report positive impactsInitial surveys report positive impacts –£800m increase –15million visits to cultural venues and events –3.5million first-time visitors

15 Questions Is this an inevitable trajectory for landmark events?Is this an inevitable trajectory for landmark events? –London 2012 pressure on associated legacy developments –National culture funding reduced What will be the final balance between large scale projects and small-scale activityWhat will be the final balance between large scale projects and small-scale activity –Is there a bigger role for grass roots and micro-enterprise approaches in a global downturn? Will there be a sustained shift in perceptionWill there be a sustained shift in perception –Internal and external? –Example - Expo’88 in Brisbane, Australia

16 www.savethepicket.comwww.savethepicket.comwww.savethepicket.com www.myspace.com/picketliverpoolwww.myspace.com/picketliverpoolwww.myspace.com/picketliverpool icliverpool.icnetwork.co.ukicliverpool.icnetwork.co.ukicliverpool.icnetwork.co.uk www.design-and-determination.comwww.design-and-determination.comwww.design-and-determination.com


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