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Assessing Impact and Measuring Effectiveness of New Payment Models WEDI Innovation Summit Erik Pupo – Senior Manager - Deloitte.

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Presentation on theme: "Assessing Impact and Measuring Effectiveness of New Payment Models WEDI Innovation Summit Erik Pupo – Senior Manager - Deloitte."— Presentation transcript:

1 Assessing Impact and Measuring Effectiveness of New Payment Models WEDI Innovation Summit Erik Pupo – Senior Manager - Deloitte

2 PCMH in New York “Increased detection and/or management of previously undetected diseases associated with an increased focus of PCMH providers on assessment and prevention could be driving increased inpatient utilization as is sometimes seen with individuals who are newly insured and have previous unmet need” PCMH in Pennsylvania “Widespread implementation of the PCMH with limited data may lead to failure” Assessing New Payment Models

3 Administration of government programs can be influenced to greater or lesser degrees by politics Ponder the following questions: What condition or set of conditions is the new payment model targeting? Who makes up the pool of patients in the payment model? How are payment penalties, bonuses, and discounts applied in the model? Role of Politics in Assessment

4 What are we trying to assess? The problems with measuring payment models: 1.Is care patient-centered? 2.Is care safe and effective? 3.Is care timely and accessible? 4.Is care efficient? 5.Is care coordinated? 6.Is care continuous? 7.Is care optimized? 8.Are patients engaged in their care? 9.Is health information flowing as part of care coordination? 10.Is the care accountable? 11.Is the care innovative? 12.Is learning occurring as care is delivered?

5 Defining Effective

6 Paul Taylor’s The Next America: Boomers, Millennials, and the Looming Generational Showdown predicts economic battle between Millennials and Baby Boomers: “Every family, on some level, is a barter between the generations…If I care for you when you’re young so you’ll care for me when I’m old…But many Millennials won’t be able to afford that…The young today are paying taxes to support a level of benefits for the old that they themselves have no prospect of receiving when they become old.” Role of Population in Effectiveness

7 Why does assessing matter? Source – AHIP

8 Newer payment models have not been fully exposed to levels of variability within the health system – there are a LOT of variables that go into a payment model. Judgments of effectiveness thus are very subjective Why does effectiveness matter? Source – StateHealth.org

9 1.Transitional, partial bundle models 2.Broader competitive pricing 3.Use of predictive modeling 4.Application of hybrid models A.Working within inefficiencies of multi-payer B.Relaxed reporting requirements/subjective reporting 5.Supply Chain A.Moving beyond Value Based Purchasing to Value Based Staffing What newer approaches work?

10 A physician practice (or health system) would receive a single (severity-adjusted) payment per patient to cover all of the services provided within the practice that would previously have been billed under individual fee codes, e.g., E&M codes, immunizations Other outpatient services (e.g., lab tests) and inpatient care (hospitalizations) would con- tinue to be paid separately, but the physician practice would receive a pay-for-performance (P4P)-style bonus/penalty payment based on the level of utilization of those services (on a severity-adjusted basis). Advantage: Health IT can be focused on specific domains of care and outpatient and inpatient services where health IT effectiveness is more variable Outpatient OR Inpatient Excluded

11 The physician practice or health system would receive a single payment to cover all outpatient OR inpatient costs, but the other level of care would still be paid separately. The practice would receive a bonus/penalty payment based on the rate of utili- zation of inpatient services. Outpatient or Inpatient Only

12 Under competitive pricing, providers (who know a lot about the cost of care) tell payers (who unavoidably know much less) about the resources that are required to provide a given product or service. In administrative pricing, information flows in the other direction Administrative Pricing vs. Competitive Pricing Source – StateHealth.org

13 Pricing for the Skewed Level of Conditions Source – Massachusetts Cost Trends Report 2013

14 Dealing with Cost Skew Source – Massachusetts Cost Trends Report 2013

15 Pricing for wide comorbidity range Source – Massachusetts Cost Trends Report 2013

16 Medical homes may be more likely to succeed if they are paired with predictive modeling to proactively identify and intervene on their patients who are most likely to have ambulatory-sensitive hospitalizations most likely to have ambulatory-sensitive hospitalizations most likely to have ambulatory-sensitive hospitalizations Leveraging Predictive Models Source – Optum

17 Assigning a readmissions risk score and estimating resource use based on clinically relevant classifications. Applying that score throughout the payment model Applying that score as a measurement for reporting Triaging (Payment Model as a “Scout”) Source – JAMA Internal Medicine 2013

18 “33 required quality measures that are part of the quality performance standard, including the Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS) patient experience survey measures, claims-based measures, the Electronic Health Record (EHR) Incentive Program measure, and the required Group Practice Reporting Option (GPRO) web interface quality measures that are required for purposes of ACO participants earning a Physician Quality Reporting System (PQRS) incentive under the Medicare Shared Savings Program.” Vs. Is the patient care “centered” Patient vs. Bureaucracy Reporting

19 ISSUE Lack of effective coordinated care for patients and their families which prohibits positive recovery. IMPACT The JourneyMap gives the patient greater control and allows them to be more engaged in their care through real-time feedback, creating unified visibility across multiple providers. AT A GLANCE The JourneyMap includes appointment scheduling, education & information sharing, check lists, alerts, social media feeds, dashboards and monitoring to facilitate a positive outcome for the patient on the road to recovery. Providing a coordinated, comprehensive view of the patient, the app provides real-time feedback and enables on-the-go changes to the patient’s care plan. Patient Journey Maps 19

20 Supply Chain and Risk Source – Optum 20

21 VBP and Risk Source – Optum 21

22 Summary Characteristics for VBP Source – Optum

23 Emphasizing outpatient over inpatient Inclusion of staffing levels and/or use of hospital-based staffing plans in VBP programs Many of the identified preventable Hospital Acquired Conditions (HACs) - such as falls and nosocomial infections- have been tied, at least in part, to nurse staffing Measuring “intensity” in payment models Value Based Staffing

24 Geography matters – innovate to your area Something that works in one area may not work more broadly People matter – don’t ignore behavior in payment innovation Some doubt on whether the medical home works outside of integrated delivery settings and with high risk patient populations Medicare bureaucracy cannot support the introduction and assessment of multiple payment models The innovation angle – target young people for payment model reform They want a local health care system that’s simple: paperless, treatments that are necessary and easily understood, prices that are sensible and transparent, and caregivers who listen and connect. Little political will to change delivery of care to seniors Summary Conclusions

25 1.How can we align our standards work in support of these trends? 2.What is the potential business opportunity for WEDI and its constituents? 3.How can WEDI’s new focus on interoperability fit into payment model assessment and effectiveness (how can WEDI 4.How can WEDI “find its voice” on innovation in payment reform, interoperability 5.How can WEDI promote innovation in its work on healthcare administrative standards? Takeaways for WEDI


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