Presentation on theme: "What’s your name? What department are you in? What kind of project are you working on ? Introduce yourself to people around you."— Presentation transcript:
What’s your name? What department are you in? What kind of project are you working on ? Introduce yourself to people around you
Thesis/Dissertation Literature Review Workshop Hannah Gascho Rempel, Science Librarian Margaret Mellinger, Engineering Librarian
What is a literature review? Defined by a guiding concept It is not a descriptive list of everything available or a set of summaries Evaluative and critical overview based on previous work in your field Provides background & theoretical base for your problem Comprehensive From “An evaluation of the use of menu risk assessment as a tool in food service protection programs” – Lori Gray, OSU Thesis
What is the purpose of a literature review ? For Your Development: Formulate or clarify what your research topic is for yourself Professional development – learn how to be a scholar in your field For Your Readers’ Understanding of the Problem: Set the context and significance for your research topic Identify gaps in the literature Demonstrate relationships among prior research From “Prepare before you say “I do” – Jun Young, OSU Thesis
What materials to include in the literature review? Types of literature Original works – articles, grey literature Summaries or reviews, patents, standards Time frame Newer materials (online databases) Older materials (print indices) What you’re not including From “Irrigation Choices for Major West Coast Crops” – Beau Olen, OSU Thesis
Checklist to get started Talk to your advisor about their expectations for your literature review (and thesis) Find out if your department has specific expectations for literature reviews Determine what the final product will be Thesis/dissertation only Journal article Grant proposal… Read theses done by others in your department
How do you do a literature review? Discuss how you have approached a research project that has a written product in the past. Take into consideration: How you started the process How you decided what to search How you kept track of resources How you knew when you were done Any other strategies
Search Strategies Author searching Footnote chasing/using bibliographies Citation searching Using review articles Tracking where you’ve been How to go about the literature review process?
Recognizing patterns Recurring authors Recurring labs or institutions Recurring structures of how thoughts/findings are organized Signals you pick up that let you know you are done with your review How to go about the literature review process? Photo: Dilshan R. Jayakody ( flickr)
Learning to read Reading with your question in mind Finish with a short “take home message” about the significance of each article as it relates to your research question Re-reading as your questions change How to go about the literature review process?
Take notes Describe Summarize Compare & Contrast Analyze Critically Evaluate Out of Scope? How to go about the literature review process?
Tips for writing a literature review Literature Review I.Introduction II.Article 1 III.Article 2 IV.Book 1 V.Proceedings 1 VI.Article 3 VII. Article 4 VIII.Summary & Conclusions
Tips for writing a literature review Literature Review I.Introduction II.Common Theme i. Article I ii. Article 2 iii. Article 3 III. Common Theme 2 i. Proceedings 1 Gaps ii. Article 2 iii. Article 4 IV. Summary & Conclusions Compare Contrast New Directions Synthesizing OSU Writing Center
Database Tools OSU Libraries Databases Citation searching o Web of Science o Google Scholar Review articles Controlled vocabulary Tracking your own searches systematically Advantages of using multiple databases
Thinking about your topic: Mind mapping Current Knowledge Laland & Williams, 2012 Lindeyer & Reader, 2011 Scarcity of innovations? Innovation transmission model? Similar techniques to mine Pre-existing models? Transmission Theories Questions Animal Innovation Kendall et al., 2008 Coolen et al., 2012 Biondi, 2010 Methods Lindeyer & Reader, 2011 Sims et al., 2012
Thinking about your topic: Tabling Citation Info (Title, Author, Year) Summary of Key Points (include quotes if direct quoting and page numbers) Context or Relationships Significance (to the field or you) Important Figures (brief description, page #) References to follow up on Other Notes
Table of Contents alerts JournalTOCS Journal website itself RSS feeds Keeping up with changes in the literature
Bibliographic management software EndNote, EndNote Web, Zotero, Mendeley, BibTex, Refworks, etc. EndNote, EndNote Web, Zotero and Mendeley workshop sessions offered at the library Managing your references
Graduate Student Page Theses and Dissertations in ScholarsArchive Interlibrary Loan and Scan and Deliver Keeping Current with Research Resources Essential library services
Questions? Comments?... also Please take the time to fill out the evaluation form. If you want to set up search alerts, sign up for InterLibrary Loan or have other questions, contact your subject librarian and set up an appointment.
Session evaluation Name of Workshop: Literature Review Workshop Date: 10/15/2012 Instructor: Hannah Rempel
Session evaluation Name of Workshop: Literature Review Workshop Date: 10/16/2012 Instructor: Hannah Rempel