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HENRY JAMES THE TURN OF THE SCREW BY TIHANA MALIČ.

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Presentation on theme: "HENRY JAMES THE TURN OF THE SCREW BY TIHANA MALIČ."— Presentation transcript:

1 HENRY JAMES THE TURN OF THE SCREW BY TIHANA MALIČ

2 Other than literary or scientific influences Characters are ‘drawn from life’ Characters are ‘drawn from life’ The Turn of the Screw grows out of social attitudes at the end of the 19th century The Turn of the Screw grows out of social attitudes at the end of the 19th century

3 GHOST STORIES AND GHOST CASES Some critics have tried to connect the story with other ‘ghost stories’ in the gothic tradition Connection with ‘ghost cases’ reported to and by practitioners of ‘psychical research’

4 FREUD Edmund Wilson (in 1934) – used ‘Freudian symbols’ to explain some objects and settings in the story reactions against governess’s mental state

5 Ghosts are real & the governess is mad In the early 1970s In the early 1970s Earlier these two were mutually exclusive Earlier these two were mutually exclusive

6 1980s and 1990s ‘Both’ or ‘We cannot decide’ ‘Both’ or ‘We cannot decide’ Marcia M. Eaton’s ‘Speech-act theory’ Marcia M. Eaton’s ‘Speech-act theory’ Use of technical methods Use of technical methods Use of terminology – semantics, linguistics and syntactics (counting ‘dashes’, looking for ‘signs’, etc.) Use of terminology – semantics, linguistics and syntactics (counting ‘dashes’, looking for ‘signs’, etc.)

7 Marxist and gender-based interpretations Differs from the psychoanalytic view of the governess Differs from the psychoanalytic view of the governess Presents the governess as a member of struggling lower-class Presents the governess as a member of struggling lower-class

8 Feminists approach Defends the governess Defends the governess If the governess was ‘male’ it would not be debatable whether ‘he’ was sane or not If the governess was ‘male’ it would not be debatable whether ‘he’ was sane or not

9 Recent approaches The homoerotic view of the story The homoerotic view of the story Henry James’s homosexuality reflected in the story Henry James’s homosexuality reflected in the story Oscar Wilde’s trial Oscar Wilde’s trial

10 Finding ‘the meaning’! In 1990s Andreson argues that ‘reading’ the story is no longer possible because reading suggests finding a meaning… In 1990s Andreson argues that ‘reading’ the story is no longer possible because reading suggests finding a meaning… ‘the meaning’ hasn’t been found yet! ‘the meaning’ hasn’t been found yet!

11 WORKS CITED James, Henry. The Turn of the Screw. Ed. Peter G. Beidler. Bedford / St.Martin, 2004.


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