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Session 3.1.. Objectives What is CSS? Define CSS syntax Learn about the authoring options Add comments to a CSS Defining color in CSS.

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Presentation on theme: "Session 3.1.. Objectives What is CSS? Define CSS syntax Learn about the authoring options Add comments to a CSS Defining color in CSS."— Presentation transcript:

1 Session 3.1.

2 Objectives What is CSS? Define CSS syntax Learn about the authoring options Add comments to a CSS Defining color in CSS

3 What is CSS? Cascading Style Sheets is a style sheet language developed to control the presentation of markup language documents.

4 Difference between HTML and CSS HTML CSS

5 CSS Syntax General Syntax of a CSS rule: selector { property1: value1; property2: value2; property3: value3;... }

6 CSS Syntax h2 { color: green; text-align: center; } body { background-color: black; }

7 Grouping Selectors h1 {font-weight: normal; color: blue;} h2 {font-weight: normal; color: blue;} Can be grouped: h1, h2 {font-weight: normal; color: blue;}

8 Authoring Options Based on style locations External Styles Embedded Styles Inline styles

9 External Styles

10 Embedded Styles

11 Inline Styles

12 Practice – Link to CSS files 1. Download Sunny Acres files. 2. Link holiday.htm to the hs_layout.css style sheet and the hs_styles.css style sheet.

13 Writing Comments /* Chocolate Factory Style Sheet Author: Johnny Depp Date: 02/18/2013 */

14 Practice - Comments 1. Add comments at the top of the hs_styles.css file.

15 Defining a Color in CSS Defining a color in CSS RGB triplets Hexadecimal numbers RGB triplet syntax: rgb(red, green, blue) Hexadecimal number syntax: #redgreenblue

16 Setting Foreground and Background Color Background Color: background-color: color; where color is a color value. Foreground Color (text color): color: color;

17 Practice – Setting Background Colors and Text Colors 1. Create a style rule for the page for the body page, set the background color to white. 2. Create a style rule for unordered lists within the nav element that sets the background color to the value (248, 175, 175). For every hypertext link within the navigation list, create a style that sets the font color to white. 3. The owner has placed a promotional photo in a figure box. Set the background color of figure boxes to the color value (248, 175, 175).

18 Including Opacity (only CSS3) rgba(red, green, blue, opacity) Examples: rgba(182, 156, 89, 0.7) rgba(45, 199, 205, 0.8)

19 Practice – Setting Colors including Opacity 1. For h1 headings nested within the section element, create a style rule to: a) set the background color to the value (148, 51, 62) and b) set the font color to white for older browsers and to the color value (255, 255, 255) with an opacity of 80% for newer browsers. 2. For address elements nested within the footer element, create a style rule to a) set the background to the color (148, 51, 62) and b) set the font color to white for older browsers and to the value (255, 255, 255) with 80% opacity for newer browsers.

20 Selecting a Color Palette: Too Tough?

21


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