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Ancient Greece By Sam Irving 700 B.C.-336 B.C. Religion Polytheistic: worshiped many gods Polytheistic: worshiped many gods Humanized deities Humanized.

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Presentation on theme: "Ancient Greece By Sam Irving 700 B.C.-336 B.C. Religion Polytheistic: worshiped many gods Polytheistic: worshiped many gods Humanized deities Humanized."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Ancient Greece By Sam Irving 700 B.C.-336 B.C.

3 Religion Polytheistic: worshiped many gods Polytheistic: worshiped many gods Humanized deities Humanized deities Zeus: chief god Zeus: chief god

4 Polis Independent city-state Independent city-state Ex.: Athens & Sparta Ex.: Athens & Sparta Basic political unit Basic political unit Name some of the political units that the world is divided into today.

5 Population Citizens Citizens Rights & Responsibilities Rights & Responsibilities Ex. Voting & Civil Service Ex. Voting & Civil Service The minority The minority Non-Citizens Non-Citizens Slaves, foreign-born, & women Slaves, foreign-born, & women The majority The majority

6 Athens and Sparta

7 Athens Democracy: rule by all citizens Democracy: rule by all citizens Constitution (507 B.C.) Constitution (507 B.C.) Culture, art, and philosophy flourished Culture, art, and philosophy flourished

8 Sparta Oligarchy: rule by a few wealthy people Oligarchy: rule by a few wealthy people Women had relatively more freedom and rights. Women had relatively more freedom and rights. Military Society Military Society Invasion over colonization Invasion over colonization 200,000 slaves, 10,000 Spartans 200,000 slaves, 10,000 Spartans

9 ?s & Summary ?s: Define, Compare/Contrast Summary: In ancient Greece __ (enter a fact of your choice). The two most famous ___, or city-states, were ___ and ___. They were different because ___.

10 Assignment: Athens v. Sparta ELT: Analyze key historic periods. Let’s compare/contrast two influential Ancient Greek city- states.

11 Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave”

12 Plato’s Allegory of the Cave

13 Greek Philosophers What is philosophy?

14 Socrates Absolute truth Socratic Questioning Sentenced to death for corrupting the youth of Athens.

15 Plato Wrote The Republic Wrote The Republic Community over the individual Community over the individual Rule by philosopher-kings Rule by philosopher-kings Elitist Elitist “World of appearance” perceived by the senses. “World of appearance” perceived by the senses. “Real world” understood through logic and reason. “Real world” understood through logic and reason.

16 Aristotle Valued knowledge from the senses (Science). Logic The Syllogism If A then B A Therefore B

17 ?s & Summary ?s: Explain, Contrast ?s: Explain, Contrast Summary: Plato theorized that real knowledge can only be gained through ___. Aristotle’s philosophy is opposite because ___. Summary: Plato theorized that real knowledge can only be gained through ___. Aristotle’s philosophy is opposite because ___.

18 Wars of Classical Greece ( B.C.) Hoplites (Greek Soldiers) in a Phalanx formation

19 Persian Empire: strongest military power

20 Persian Wars (499B.C.-479 B.C.) Persians sought expansion into Europe. Persians sought expansion into Europe. Greek city-states cooperated and forced Persians back to Asia. Greek city-states cooperated and forced Persians back to Asia.

21 Who fought in the next war?

22 Peloponnesian War (431 B.C B.C.) Athenian Empire vs. Spartan-led alliance Weakens all city states Allowed Alexander the Great to conquer all of Greece Continued Greek culture.

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25 Works Cited "300 Poster." MeOwns meOwns. 7 Aug "Alexander Movie - Poster." Macedonia. 7 Aug "Ancient Greece Map." 7 Aug "Aristotle and Alexander the Great." The Life and Successes of Alexander the Great. ArtToday. 7 Aug Brown, Robert W. Lecture Notes: Ancient Civilizations University of North Carolina at Pembroke. 27 May Btl-Sparta.gif. N.d. Graphic. MafiaWarsWikiWeb. 3 Jul

26 Farah, Mounir A., and Andrea B. Karls. World History: The Human Experience. New York: McGraw-Hill, Hanson, Hardy. Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War Brooklyn College. 27 May "Hoplites." Outside Context Wordpress. 7 Aug "Macedonian Expansion 348 BC." Philip II of Macedonia Biography. historyofmacedonia.org. 7 Aug "Map of the Persian Empire." Lecture Notes: Ancient Civilizations. Ed. Robert W. Brown. 23 Jan The University of North Carolina at Pembroke. 7 Aug Martin, Phillip. Power to the People. N.d. Graphic. Ancient Greece for KidsWeb. 3 Jul Mayhew, Scott. "Allegory of the Cave." Plato's Allegory of the Cave. 7 Aug

27 Mount Olympus. N.d. Graphic. Greek Gods and GoddessesWeb. 3 Jul "Ostracon." Positive Liberty. Oct Positive Liberty. 7 Aug "Peloponnesian War." Thucydides and War. 7 Aug "Plato." Darwen.us/Southcon. 7 Aug Slave Being Punished. N.d. Painting. Hellenica, Information about Greece and CyprusWeb. 3 Jul "Socrates." Education. Socrates Light Bulb. N.d. Graphic. Irving's AVID WikiWeb. 28 Jun Socrates with Columns. N.d. Graphic. LatinWeb. 28 Jun

28 "The Security Systems of Athens and Sparta." Discovery Education Discovery Education. 7 Aug "This is Sparta." Wikimedia Commons. 25 Apr Wikimedia Foundation. 7 Aug "This Is Sparta Map." My Space. 7 Aug "Warring Hoplites." The Peloponnesian War-World History for Kids. KidsKnowIt Network. 7 Aug "Zeus." Ancient Greek Art: Zeus. Ed. Aaron Atsma Theoi Project Copyright. 7 Aug Zeus Cloud. N.d. Graphic. Mighty ClueWeb. 28 Jun

29 Themes Review Apply seven of the nine world history themes to ancient Greece. Display one of these applications in a symbolic image. Apply seven of the nine world history themes to ancient Greece. Display one of these applications in a symbolic image.


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