Presentation on theme: "Ancient Greece By Sam Irving 700 B.C.-336 B.C. Religion Polytheistic: worshiped many gods Polytheistic: worshiped many gods Humanized deities Humanized."— Presentation transcript:
Ancient Greece By Sam Irving 700 B.C.-336 B.C.
Religion Polytheistic: worshiped many gods Polytheistic: worshiped many gods Humanized deities Humanized deities Zeus: chief god Zeus: chief god
Polis Independent city-state Independent city-state Ex.: Athens & Sparta Ex.: Athens & Sparta Basic political unit Basic political unit Name some of the political units that the world is divided into today.
Population Citizens Citizens Rights & Responsibilities Rights & Responsibilities Ex. Voting & Civil Service Ex. Voting & Civil Service The minority The minority Non-Citizens Non-Citizens Slaves, foreign-born, & women Slaves, foreign-born, & women The majority The majority
Athens and Sparta
Athens Democracy: rule by all citizens Democracy: rule by all citizens Constitution (507 B.C.) Constitution (507 B.C.) Culture, art, and philosophy flourished Culture, art, and philosophy flourished
Sparta Oligarchy: rule by a few wealthy people Oligarchy: rule by a few wealthy people Women had relatively more freedom and rights. Women had relatively more freedom and rights. Military Society Military Society Invasion over colonization Invasion over colonization 200,000 slaves, 10,000 Spartans 200,000 slaves, 10,000 Spartans
?s & Summary ?s: Define, Compare/Contrast Summary: In ancient Greece __ (enter a fact of your choice). The two most famous ___, or city-states, were ___ and ___. They were different because ___.
Assignment: Athens v. Sparta ELT: Analyze key historic periods. Let’s compare/contrast two influential Ancient Greek city- states.
Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave”
Plato’s Allegory of the Cave
Greek Philosophers What is philosophy?
Socrates Absolute truth Socratic Questioning Sentenced to death for corrupting the youth of Athens.
Plato Wrote The Republic Wrote The Republic Community over the individual Community over the individual Rule by philosopher-kings Rule by philosopher-kings Elitist Elitist “World of appearance” perceived by the senses. “World of appearance” perceived by the senses. “Real world” understood through logic and reason. “Real world” understood through logic and reason.
Aristotle Valued knowledge from the senses (Science). Logic The Syllogism If A then B A Therefore B
?s & Summary ?s: Explain, Contrast ?s: Explain, Contrast Summary: Plato theorized that real knowledge can only be gained through ___. Aristotle’s philosophy is opposite because ___. Summary: Plato theorized that real knowledge can only be gained through ___. Aristotle’s philosophy is opposite because ___.
Wars of Classical Greece ( B.C.) Hoplites (Greek Soldiers) in a Phalanx formation
Persian Empire: strongest military power
Persian Wars (499B.C.-479 B.C.) Persians sought expansion into Europe. Persians sought expansion into Europe. Greek city-states cooperated and forced Persians back to Asia. Greek city-states cooperated and forced Persians back to Asia.
Who fought in the next war?
Peloponnesian War (431 B.C B.C.) Athenian Empire vs. Spartan-led alliance Weakens all city states Allowed Alexander the Great to conquer all of Greece Continued Greek culture.
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Themes Review Apply seven of the nine world history themes to ancient Greece. Display one of these applications in a symbolic image. Apply seven of the nine world history themes to ancient Greece. Display one of these applications in a symbolic image.