Interactions of People and Environment Objective: The student will compare and contrast life in the New England, Mid-Atlantic, and Southern colonies, with emphasis on how people interact with their environment
Four General Areas Geography and Climate Economy Social Life Political and Civic Life
New England Geography and Climate –Appalachian Mountains, Boston harbor, hilly terrain, rocky soil, jagged coastline –Moderate summers, cold winters Economy –Fishing, ship building, industry and naval supplies, trade and port cities –Skilled craftsmen, shop keepers Social Life –Village and church as center of life –Religious reformers and separatists Political and civil life –Town meetings
Check for Understanding Why did many New Englanders work as fishermen and shipbuilders rather than farmers?
The Mid-Atlantic Geography and climate –Appalachian Mountains, coastal lowlands (harbors and bays, wide and deep rivers), rich farmlands –Moderate climate Economy –Livestock and grain, trading –Unskilled and skilled workers and fishermen Social Life –Villages and cities –Varied and diverse lifestyles –Diverse religions Political and civil life –Market towns
Check for Understanding Why were the people in the mid- Atlantic states able to be both farmers and fishermen?
The South Geography and climate –Appalachian Mountains, Piedmont, Atlantic Coastal Plain, good harbors, rivers –Humid climate Economy –Large farms/plantation, cash crops, wood products, small farms –Slavery Social Life –Plantations (slavery), mansions, indentured servants, few cities, few schools –Church of England Political and civil life –Counties
Check for Understanding Why were there so few cities in the South?