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Why did slavery become the dominant labor system in the Chesapeake colonies?

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Presentation on theme: "Why did slavery become the dominant labor system in the Chesapeake colonies?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Why did slavery become the dominant labor system in the Chesapeake colonies?

2 “The interracial drama acted out on the American continent has not only created a new black man, it has created a new white man too.” - James Baldwin

3 The yeoman farmer

4 The Planter

5 I. Problems on the Chesapeake Frontier A. Polarized society develops: 1. Planters and Indentured Servants: 2. Post-indenture frontier life:

6

7 Nathaniel Bacon (left) AND William Berkeley, right (governor of VA)

8 B. Bacon’s Rebellion 1. Over representation in the House of Burgesses a. Dispute over Virginia’s Indian policy b. Frontiers-people resented elite; wanted more of a voice 2. Modestly successful – more small landowners elected to office; minor success in passing regulatory laws

9 3. Significance → Exposed class conflict in colonies -- Exposed growing power of lower class (and growing number) -- Elites feared rebellion → Planters began turning to slavery

10 III. Growth of Slavery in the South A. Natives and indentured servants fail as viable labor options B. Slave labor is economical 1. labored for life 2. Reproduced more slaves 3. Atlantic slave trade was ongoing C. Planters have more $ by end of 17 th c. D. African slavery shifted dynamic b/w social classes


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