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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 16 – SECTION 4 THE REPUBLICAN PARTY EMERGES."— Presentation transcript:


2 THE REPUBLICAN PARTY Mid 1850’s – People taking a stronger stand against slavery Ohio democrat: “We have submitted to slavery long enough.” 1854: Free-Soilers, Whigs, and northern Democrats meet in Michigan Called themselves the Republicans Main goal – keep slavery out of the western territories

3 The Republican Party 1856 – Party grows quickly A few Republicans were abolitionists – wanted to stop slavery in the South Most only wanted to stop the spreading of slavery Party selects John C. Fremont to run for President Very little political experience, but opposed the spread of slavery Loses to Democrat James Buchanan from Pennsylvania

4 Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln was born in Kentucky Parents moved often to find better land As a child, only spent one year in school He taught himself to read Studied law by himself Started career in politics

5 Lincoln – Douglas Debates Wasn’t well known yet Lincoln challenged Democrat Senator Stephen Douglas for seat in Senate Douglas did not really want to accept During the campaign, they debated seven times about what to do with slavery Slavery was main issue

6 Lincoln – Douglas Debates Lincoln did not believe in “perfect equality” between black people and white people Did not believe in slavery, but not an abolitionist Did not want slavery in the territories, but also did not want to interfere with slavery in the states where it already existed

7 Lincoln – Douglas Debates Douglas wanted to settle slavery question by popular sovereignty He disliked slavery, but stated he did not care whether people in the territories voted “down” or “up” for it

8 A Leader Emerges Both men spoke almost every day to large crowds Newspapers reprinted their campaign speeches The more people read Lincoln’s words, the more they thought about how wrong slavery was In the end, Douglas wins and becomes Senator But, Lincoln was now known around the country

9 John Brown’s Raid 1859 - Radical abolitionist John Brown brought his antislavery campaign from Kansas to the East He and five African Americans went to Harpers Ferry, Virginia Plan was to raid a federal arsenal, or gun warehouse Believed African Americans would help him

10 John Brown’s Raid Brown gained control of the arsenal No slave uprising Troops commanded by Robert E. Lee killed ten raiders and captured Brown At his trial, Brown seemed to be good He sat quietly as the court found him guilty of murder and treason, or actions against one’s country He showed no emotion as he was sentenced to death

11 John Brown – Hero or Villain? He conducted himself with dignity during his trial – He became a hero Some considered him a martyr – he was willing to give up his life for his beliefs On the morning he was hanged, church bells rang throughout the North People sang songs of praises for him

12 John Brown Northerners – Admired Brown as a hero and a martyr Southerners – Thought he was dangerous Outraged at the sympathy and responses to his execution

13 Work in Class / Homework Page 476 – 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 1. A.) Republican Party, D.) Abraham Lincoln E.) Harpers Ferry 2. A, B, C 3 Issue that founded Republican Party 4 How did Abraham Lincoln emerge as a Republican Leader? 5 How did Northerners and Southerners respond to John Brown’s raid?


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