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Understand the causes and consequences of the civil war.

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1 Understand the causes and consequences of the civil war


3   SS.912.A.2.1  The Kansas-Nebraska Act concerned which issue?  A.the right of Northerners to own slaves  B.the sale of federal lands to slave owners  C.the expansion of slavery into newterritories  D.the return of slaves who had escaped from the South

4   Students will identify and/or evaluate the causes and consequences of the Civil War.  Students will identify the economic, political, and/or social causes of the Civil War.  Students will identify varying points of view regarding the main causes of the Civil War.  Students will evaluate the constitutional issues relevant to the Civil War and Reconstruction. SS.912.A.2.1 Review causes and consequences of the Civil War.

5   North was much larger, controlled the majority of manufacturing  Cotton was king in the south, did not want to give up slavery  South resisted taxation from the north and eventually seceded from the union Causes of the civil war: economic

6   Entry of new states, the slavery question  Southern states believed heavily in states rights over the federal government  Lincoln was anti-slavery  Dred Scott decision by Supreme Court said federal government could not keep states from becoming slave states Causes of the civil war: political

7   Growth of the abolition movement, uncle toms cabin and john browns raid on harpers ferry  Southern culture vs northern culture Causes of the civil war: social

8   Students will identify the economic, political, and/or social consequences of Reconstruction.  Students will identify and/or categorize the influence of significant people or groups on Reconstruction SS.912.A.2.2 Assess the influence of significant people or groups on Reconstruction.

9   Freedmen’s Bureau (created in 1865 by Congress)  Headed by Gen. Oliver O. Howard (later founded and served as president of Howard University in Washington D.C.)  Members included many Northerners including former abolitionists who risked their lives to help the freedmen in the South; one of several northern groups called "carpetbaggers" by white southern Democrats.  Purpose: To help unskilled, uneducated, poverty-stricken ex-slaves to survive Reconstruction

10   Authorized to provide "40 acres and a mule" from confiscated or abandoned land to black settlers.  In certain areas, the Bureau distributed no land.  Sometimes collaborated with planters in expelling blacks from towns and forcing them to sign labor contracts to work for their former masters. Freedmen’s Bureau

11   A. Andrew Johnson Plan  Part 1 (individual’s part)  any individual who lived in the South, President Johnson was willing to pardon them if they gave a loyalty oath to the Union. Except for men who had over $20,000 in taxable property. They had to go to President Johnson in person.  Part 2 (state’s part)  if ten percent of the individuals of a seceded state to the loyalty oath then that state could reenter the United States. But if the seceded state did not meet the ten percent needed, then that statecould write a new state constitution which abolishes slavery then they could reenter the United States. Andrew Johnson Plan

12   Students will identify the significance and/or impact of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution on African Americans and other groups.  Students will explain how Jim Crow laws circumvented the intent and meaning of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments. SS.912.A.2.4 Distinguish the freedoms guaranteed to African Americans and other groups with the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution.

13   13 th - Abolished slavery and indentured servitude  14 th - Gave citizenship to blacks; prohibited former confederates from holding office  15 th - Voting Rights  Poll taxes, literacy tests, and property requirements not addressed  Literacy tests administered unfairly to favor illiterate whites.  "grandfather clauses" aimed to reduce number of black voters  If your grandfather could vote in 1860, you are eligible to vote.  Intimidation  Lynching's, a practice done to intimidate black voters.  Women were excluded from voting  Female leaders opposed the 15 th Amendment.  Poor whites also disenfranchised (prevented to vote) Reconstruction Amendments

14   Students will analyze and/or explain the various components of Jim Crow legislation and their effects on Southern minorities. SS.912.A.2.5 Assess how Jim Crow Laws influenced life for African Americans and other racial/ethnic minority groups.

15   Laws segregating whites and blacks in the south  Blacks were not allowed the same rights as whites in the south  Separate schools, rail cars, etc.  Would last until the 1960s  Effect: Led to poor living conditions for blacks and generations of suffering. Jim Crow Laws

16   Items referring to Jim Crow laws may include the Black Codes, the Nadir, sharecropping, debt peonage, and the loss of suffrage. SS.912.A.2.6 Compare the effects of the Black Codes and the Nadir on freed people, and analyze the sharecropping system and debt peonage as practiced in the United States.

17   Nadir- Period after reconstruction with the worse race relations in our history  Black Codes- Laws that essentially put Blacks back into slavery. Blacks forced to work for former owners for little pay  Sharecropping- System in which landowners would lease out land and essentials to workers  Debt Patronage- by putting the workers in debt they were forced to stay  Loss of suffrage- Many blacks lost the right to vote due to black codes Black Codes

18   Students will identify settlement patterns in the American West, the reservation system, and/or the tribulations of the Native Americans from 1865–90. SS.912.A.2.7 Review the Native American experience.

19   Dawes Severalty Act of 1887 (Allotment Act) -- during President Cleveland’s first term  Ended many tribes as legal entities  Wiped out tribal ownership of land.  If American Indians "behaved" like "good white settlers they could leave the reservation. Native American Relations

20   SS.912.A.2.1  Which of these was a direct consequence of the Civil War?  A.the disintegration of the Whig Party  B.the additionof new statesto theUnion  C.the use of popular sovereignty todecidethe issue of slavery  D.the extension of voting rights to African American men

21   SS.912.A.2.2  What wasthe main accomplishment of the Freedmen's Bureau?  A.providing aid and education to emancipated slaves  B.helping Confederate statesget readmitted to the Union  C.securing protections for African Americans‘ voting rights  D.preventing violence against African Americans in the South

22   SS.912.A.2.6  What was the main effect of the system of debt peonagethat emerged in the South during the late 19 th century?  A.African Americans were unable to afford to work agricultural jobs.  B.African Americans left the South in large numbers to escape their debts.  C.African Americans labored in a system that was nearly the same as slavery.  D.African Americans had to work for low wages to pay off their emancipation costs.


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