Presentation on theme: "Coercive Labor in America"— Presentation transcript:
1Coercive Labor in America Indentured Servants v. Slaves in the Colonial Period
2So what is “coercive labor?” Coercive labor is labor that is coerced… no really.Basically it means labor or work that is gained through use of force or threats.
3Who were Indentured Servants defines “indentured servants” as: (noun American History ) a person who came to America and was placed under contract to work for another over a period of time, usually seven years, especially during the 17th to 19th centuries. Generally, indentured servants included redemptioners, victims of religious or political persecution, persons kidnapped for the purpose, convicts, and paupers.Origin: 1665–75
4Who were Indentured Servants? People were required to do four to seven years of work for free passage to the Americas.Unlike slavery, indentured servants were granted their freedom after fulfilling their obligated service.Initially created after failing to force native people into slavery.The servants were often failures in Europe- criminals, political prisoners, orphans, and/or unemployed.
5More about Indentured Servants Strived to be independent artisans or planters.Some became prominent figures, however, most died from disease or overwork before gaining freedom.Those that did survive usually found meager employment.Commonly worked in the same areas of slaves.Many refused to go to the Caribbean
7So how are slaves different? defines slaves as:–noun1. a person who is the property of and wholly subject to another; a bond servant.2. a person entirely under the domination of some influence or person.
8Key Points about Slavery Most slaves were African, although some were the captured Native AmericansThe continuing demand for African slave labor arose from the development of plantation agricultureTriangle Trade from west Africa to Caribbean to Europe.Slaves were considered property (not people).Was especially prevalent in the southern British colonies in America (Virginia, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, etc.) and on plantations in Latin and South America.
9More about SlaveryThe slaves were treated brutally from ship to shore.Slaves were packed until they had little to no room to move while being transported.Slaves were taken against their will.By ,000 black slaves tilled Chesapeake tobacco, and another 180,000 cultivated Carolina rice.Mostly worked on tobacco, sugar cane, and cotton plantationsSlaves were seen as a resource to the plantation owners and a trade commodity to the slave traders
10Slavery in Colonial America The gender ratio was very off-balance due to higher demand for male slaves.Type of Work/ConditionsSlaves had absolutely no say in what kind of work they were to doSometimes slaves worked from sunrise to sunset with small if any breaks.They worked on plantations, fields, common house work or all three.
11Slavery in Colonial America Compare and Contrast the labor systems in colonial America – Indentured Servants v. Slaves – using a Y-Chart or Venn Diagram