In the 1830s, this questions came upon many people who favored in the ending of slavery, abolition. These people were known as abolitionists. Some abolitionists were people like William Lloyd Garrison, Frederick Douglass, Sojourner Truth, Theodore Weld and the Grimke Sisters. Some of the things they did were writing newspapers and pamphlets, and speaking to large and small groups of people. Out of doing these things they intended to end slavery and to make sure that all people had equal rights. After doing these things abolitionists brought this to the attention of many people and together they ended slavery.
In Fighting Slavery
In the early 1830’s Garrison, a deeply religious white man, started a fiery abolitionist newspaper, the Liberator. In the newspaper he demanded the immediate freeing of all slaves.“I will be harsh as truth, I will not retreat a single inch- and I will be heard.” That is what he stated in his newspaper. In response to that, angry pro- slavery groups destroyed Garrison’s printing press and burned his house.
Douglass was an escaped slave, who was six feet tall and spoke with a voice like thunder. When he would talk to groups of abolitionists, he would describe the cruel treatment of slave children. He also made fun of ministers who told slaves to “love slavery.” After saying “shall no man be held a slave in a Christian land?” He got a response of people crying out, “No, No, No!” He then quickly became a leader in the abolitionist movement. He wrote an auto-biography and his own newspaper, North Star. And his auto- biography instantly became a best seller. And the motto for his newspaper was, “Right is of no sex- Truth is of no color- God is the father of all of us, and we are all Brethren.”
Truth was a former slave. She had always been strongly spiritual and she had given speeches throughout the North against slavery. After meeting Douglass and Garrison, their enthusiasm inspired he to speak to people about slavery. She also was a extraordinary speaker and urged people that God would end slavery peacefully.
Angelina and Sarah were a part of a slave owning family while living in the South. Then after moving to the North and becoming Quakers, they saw slavery in a new way. They saw how much pain the slaves were going through, so they began to talk to women about what they are realizing, and then moving on to talking to large groups. Angelina would speak against slavery and would encounter lots of violent acts, people would throw rocks, and if she kept speaking then she would burn buildings.
Weld studied for the minister who preached about the sins of slavery. As an organizer for the American Anti-Slavery society he wrote pamphlets and encouraged/ trained many people to spread the abolitionist “gospel.” FUN FACT: In 1838 he married Angelina Grimke
Harriet Tubman was born a slave in Marylands, Dorchester County around Around 1844 she married John Tubman who was a freed slave. During a 10 year span she had 19 trips and freed 300 slaves. By 1856 Tubman’s capture would have added up to $40,000. She rescued her 70 year old parents in After the war she settled in Auburn, New York, where she would spend the rest of her long life. She died in 1913.
For the Slavery Reform
One of the abolitionists many goals, was to simply end slavery in the United States of America. They believed that the African Americans should be free. Another one of the abolitionists goals was to make America more free and humane. They wanted everyone to treat African Americans like regular people. The abolitionists also set out to end racial segregation and discrimination. They believed that America is not truly free if they still believe in slavery and if they still were discriminating against African Americans. One of the goals was to make sure everyone has equal rights. Everyone should have equal rights because America is supposed to be a free country and it would not be truly “free” if there were slaves. Just because their skin is a different color doesn’t mean they are worth less than others. It was a terrible things and it had to stop. Another goal that the abolitionists had was to spread their beliefs across the country to make sure everyone knew what kinds of things people were doing to make America less free and have less rights.
Towards Accomplishing their Goals
Abolitionists would try to spread their beliefs as mush as they could. They would write articles that would fill newspapers across America. They also wrote pamphlets filled with information on what slaves went through everyday. Abolitionists would do their best to encourage everyone to end slavery.
Not only did abolitionists write about their beliefs they would speak out too. They would organize speeches and rallies to talk to large groups of people all at one time. Abolitionists would also set up meetings to talk about their duties and obligations to end slavery.
Slaves and ex-slaves also did their part in the slave revolt. Many slaves would “accidentally” break things to make their owners mad. They also would poison their owners and escape before anyone noticed their death. The slaves wanted their freedom and they would do anything for it. Like stated before owners would tell their slaves to “love” slavery, and slaves would laugh because such a cruel act shouldn’t be loved.
Ex-slaves would speak at large events talking about their experiences. They would inform people of the punishments they would receive for certain things and all the struggles they went through. The major role slaves played in the slave revolt was running away and escaping from their owners. If slaves didn’t try to win their freedom, then the abolitionists really wouldn’t have had an inspiration to help slaves.
The Underground Railroad played a huge part in escaping for the slaves. It was active from 1830 until the Civil War. And it led from the South to the North and Canada. The slaves would make their way up to freedom in Canada and without the help from many others most would never had made it. Harriet Tubman was the most famous Underground Railroad conductor. She made 10 trips into slave states and she led about 300 slaves to freedom.
From the Slavery Reform
The greatest accomplishment was the ending of slavery. After all the hard work people went through, like risking lives, it finally paid off. The Underground Railroad was a huge success and saved the lives of hundreds of slaves. Another good accomplishment was spreading the word. By writing pamphlets and newspaper article people all over America heard about the ideas of abolitionists. So people really were speaking their feelings. The abolitionists also accomplished many things. They helped change the northerners attitudes toward slavery. Also the abolitionists tried so hard to end slavery, and so after doing so they might have felt great. Ex-slaves also accomplished many things. One would be actually escaping from the previous owners. The Grimke sisters as well did a lot, and the main thing was that they led other women to speak out to the public.
There were many methods in helping the slaves. And one of them was that people used secret codes to let runaways know when to travel was safe. Also there were special songs, secret knocks, and passwords. To make sure nobody other than the runaways knew about this, there were names given to slave escape routes. And surprisingly homeowners hid runaway slaves and guided them from one safe place to another.
Petition for pardon of 2 Negroes condemned in Holloway John A., Robertson ( ) Category:Letter Source:Virginia State Archive Subject:Slave Conspiracy in Richmond, Virginia Having make an application last evening in behalf of Mrs. Jones and Mr. Royall of Holloway, praying a pardon for their slaves under sentence of death, and it now being almost the last month from which a notification of execution measures could be forwarded to the place of execution, I take the earliest opportunity this morning of repeating that application which from its nature I hope will be immediately acted on, and in case a pardon should not be obtained a repeal for 8 or 10 days would answer the expectation of the owners, until the sense of the neighborhood could be had on the subject. Jam Sir if mo: ob: John A. Robertson Friday morning January 15