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FIGHT AGAINST SLAVERY Chapter 12 section 2. Why it Matters  Many people had opposed slavery since colonial times  They believed it is in-moral and against.

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Presentation on theme: "FIGHT AGAINST SLAVERY Chapter 12 section 2. Why it Matters  Many people had opposed slavery since colonial times  They believed it is in-moral and against."— Presentation transcript:

1 FIGHT AGAINST SLAVERY Chapter 12 section 2

2 Why it Matters  Many people had opposed slavery since colonial times  They believed it is in-moral and against their religious belief  The reforming spirit spurred a strong movement to abolish slavery in America

3 Roots of the Antislavery Movement  “that all men are created equal”  Slavery ends in the North: a. 178o Pennsylvania b. By 1804 every northern state pledged to end slavery c. Northwest Ordinance outlawed slavery

4 The Colonization Movement (1817)  This society purpose was to free slaves and transport them to Liberia  Unsuccessful because many freed slaves did not want to go to a strange country. Only about 1400 migrated to Liberia

5 Growing Opposition to Slavery  Abolitionists is a person to abolish or to end slavery  Charles Finney, an abolitionist preached bout the evil’s of slavery

6 Lloyd Garrison  Quaker  Strongly opposed slavery  Considered a radical because he wanted not a gradual end of slavery but to end immediately  He favored full rights to be given to the slaves  1831 started an abolitionist newspaper: Liberator  Co-founder of the New England Anti-Slavery Society

7 Lloyd Garrison

8 Sarah and Angelina Grimke  Strong Abolitionist  Southern Born to a family that owned slaves

9 African American Abolitionist  David Walker in 1829 published his Appeal: to the Coloured Citizens of the World  He encouraged enslaved people to rebel if necessary to gain their freedom

10 Fredrick Douglass  Most powerful speaker for abolitionism  Born into slavery  Escaped to freedom  Taught himself to read and write  Published Aolititonist newspaper North Star  Douglass said to a crowd: “I appear this evening as a thief and a robber. I stole this head, these limbs, this body from my master, and ran off with them.”

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12 John Quincy Adams  Proposed an amendment in 1839 to ban any new state coming into the Union. It did not pass  Defended captive Africans aboard a slave ship that rebelled and killed ship captain and members on the Armistad. (slave trade among nations were abolished in 1807.  Helped captives gain their freedom in America  Why did Adams have a lot of people resent what he did?

13 Underground Railroad  Organized way to help slaves escape  Series of paths where Blacks and Whites helped slaves reach freedom  Illegal of course. Why?  Over 50,000

14 Harriet Tubman  Called “Moses”  Led more than 300 slaves to freedom  Master of disguise  She stated to Douglass “I never lost a single passenger”.  Page 425

15 Opposing Abolition  Many Northerner profited from slavery and opposed abolition of slavery  Many feared that freedmen would move North and take jobs  Many Southerners voiced their opinion of abolition with violence  Congress tried to have a “gag order” over issue of slavery

16 “Elephant in the living room”

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19 Joh Quincy


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