Leaders: Henry Clay, Dred Scott and Thomas Jefferson Admitted Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state. The law banned slavery in the Louisiana Territory north of the 36 degree 30 degree latitude line. Three years later it was declared unconstitutional in the Dred Scott decision. Significance: The tension and division between the North and the South was heightened.
Leaders: Stephen Douglas & Franklin Pierce Divided the land into two territories, Kansas and Nebraska. It was up to the people to decide if they wanted slavery in their territory. However, the Missouri Compromise outlawed slavery in the two territories. On May 30, 1854 act was passed and anti-slavery settlers and pro slavery settlers fought each other to decide if the state would have slavery. (Bleeding Kansas) Significance: Moved closer to the Civil War.
Leaders: Henry clay, Zachary Taylor, John C. Calhoun, Daniel Webster Preserved balance of and slave states and said that congress would not regulate slavery in territories. The importance of it was that it created tension between the free and slave states that led up to the Civil War.
Requires citizens to assist in the recovery of fugitive slaves. Denied a fugitive slave’s right to a jury trial Called for changes in filing for a claim, making the process easier for slaveowners Slaves attempting to start lives in the North, they would flee to Canada. 20,000 blacks fled to their neighboring country. Free blacks were captured and brought to the South. The Passage of the act made abolitionist all more resolved to put an end to slavery. The Underground Railroad, created by Harriet Tubman, reached its peak between 1850 and 1860, leading runaway slaves to the North. The act was brought before the nation.
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