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The Rise of Abolitionism and the Texas War of Independence Unit 5, Lesson 4.

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Presentation on theme: "The Rise of Abolitionism and the Texas War of Independence Unit 5, Lesson 4."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Rise of Abolitionism and the Texas War of Independence Unit 5, Lesson 4

2 Essential Idea Abolitionism grew but gained little traction until after the United States considered annexing Texas.

3 Early Opposition to Slavery Early Opposition to Slavery: Slavery was abolished in all northern states during or soon after the American Revolution Many southerners admitted slavery was a “necessary evil” because their economy depended on slavery Early Ideas on Ending Slavery: Gradualism—many Americans supported ending slavery GRADUALLY and compensating the owners Colonization—some also supported moving blacks back to Africa (did not work well)

4 Abolitionism Begins Abolitionism Begins: After the Second Great Awakening, some northerners saw slavery as a sin needing reform Abolition—complete, immediate emancipation (freeing) of slaves

5 Major Abolitionists 1. David Walker Free black northerner who promoted violence to end slavery 2. Sojourner Truth Ex-slave woman who promoted both abolition AND women’s rights

6 Major Abolitionists 2. William Lloyd Garrison White northerner who started the newspaper, The Liberator He aggresively promoted abolition and the use of violence if necessary

7 Major Abolitionists 4. Frederick Douglass Ex-slave who escaped north and wrote an autobiography exposing slave life Douglass He became the leading black abolitionist that was known for his writing He supported women’s rights also Abolitionism

8 Resistence from Slaves Non-Violent Slave Resistence: Slaves resisted by sabatoging equipment and engaging in work slow downs Underground Railroad—a secret, informal organization that helped thousands of slaves escape the South Harriet Tubman—this “railroad conductor” returned south over a dozen times to help over 70 slaves escape Underground Railroad


10 Slave Rebellions Violent Slave Resistence: Slaves sometimes resorted to violence Nat Turner’s Rebellion—Turner, a slave minister, led an armed rebellion that killed over 50 white men, women, and children Nat Turner’s Rebellion Consequences: Slaves outnumbered whites in many areas Southern whites, fearful of more rebellions, passed stricter slave codes to keep control Southerners feared the consequences of abolitionism Quelling Slave Rebellion

11 Reactions to Abolitionism: North Northern Reaction: MIXED—most northerners were NOT abolitionists Reasons: Northern textile mills needed southern cotton Many feared exslaves would move north to “steal” factory jobs Many feared abolition would start civil war

12 Reactions to Abolitionism: South Southern Reaction: NEGATIVE— southerners hated abolitionists Reasons: Southerners NEEDED slavery to support their cotton-based economy Southerners started calling slavery a “positive good” not a “necessary evil”

13 Reactions to Abolitionism: Overall Overall Reaction: Overall, the country was indifferent to or against abolition AT FIRST Later, the North and South disagreed on if slavery could expand west as the country grew The issue of annexing (bringing in) Texas began the rise in tension over slavery


15 Texas Texas: Present-day California, New Mexico, and Texas were states of Mexico Mexico let Americans move to Texas to boost its population Mexico wanted them to adopt Mexican culture, but Texas became more American

16 Texas Declares Independence Reasons Tension Rose: 1. Texans felt more loyal to the United States 2. Many Texans owned slaves, which Mexico outlawed 3. The President of Mexico (Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna) declared himself dictator Independence Declared: Stephen Austin helped organize an army Sam Houston took command of the Texas army Texas declared independence in 1836 Texas and Independence

17 Texas War of Independence: Battle of the Alamo Event 1: Battle of the Alamo—the Mexican army (1,800) surrounded Texan forces (189) at the Alamo Despite being outnumbered, the Texans held off the Mexicans for 13 days

18 Texas War of Independence: Battle of the Alamo The Mexican army killed every Texan Signficance: The battle bought Houston time to build his army The Alamo and Goliad The Alamo and Goliad

19 Texas War of Independence: Battle of San Jacinto Event 2: Battle of San Jacinto—Houston’s army ambushed the Mexicans as they slept Yelling, “Remember the Alamo,” they won in under 20 minutes

20 The Republic of Texas is Born Significance: Santa Anna was forced to recognize Texas’ independence as a new country Battle of San Jacinto and Independence

21 Texas and Slavery Consequences of Texas Independence: Texas wanted to be annexed by the United States The North did not want Texas, which had slavery, to become a new slave state Tension over slavery started to increase Tension increased between the United States and Mexico over annexing Texas

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