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Slavery & Secession. Learning Targets I can evaluate the outcome of the Dred Scott case and its impact on the conflict between North and South. I can.

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Presentation on theme: "Slavery & Secession. Learning Targets I can evaluate the outcome of the Dred Scott case and its impact on the conflict between North and South. I can."— Presentation transcript:

1 Slavery & Secession

2 Learning Targets I can evaluate the outcome of the Dred Scott case and its impact on the conflict between North and South. I can evaluate the outcome of the Dred Scott case and its impact on the conflict between North and South. I can explain why the Republican party chose Abraham Lincoln to be their candidate in election of I can explain why the Republican party chose Abraham Lincoln to be their candidate in election of I can explain Lincoln’s views on slavery and racial equality. I can explain Lincoln’s views on slavery and racial equality. I can identify the root cause of secession and the event that triggered it. I can identify the root cause of secession and the event that triggered it. I can analyze the intent of the Emancipation Proclamation. I can analyze the intent of the Emancipation Proclamation. I can identify the turning point of the war. I can identify the turning point of the war. I can articulate which side surrendered at the end of the war. I can articulate which side surrendered at the end of the war.

3 Dred Scott Dred Scott was a slave in Missouri. Dred Scott was a slave in Missouri. His owner took him to live in IL and WI. His owner took him to live in IL and WI. Scott sued for his freedom. Scott sued for his freedom. He said that living in two free states made him free. He said that living in two free states made him free. Questions in court: Questions in court: –Was Scott a citizen (i.e. could he sue)? –Is a slave in free territory no longer a slave?

4 Dred Scott Decision Courts decided that Scott was not nor could he be a citizen; therefore could not sue in court. Courts decided that Scott was not nor could he be a citizen; therefore could not sue in court. –“a subordinate and inferior class of beings” –“no rights which the white man was bound to respect” Decided that slaves in free states or territories were not free. Decided that slaves in free states or territories were not free. Also decided that territories could not prohibit slavery (because of property rules). Also decided that territories could not prohibit slavery (because of property rules).

5 Douglas vs. Lincoln Both running for U.S. Senate for Illinois. Both running for U.S. Senate for Illinois. Held public debates on slavery in the territories. Held public debates on slavery in the territories. Neither liked slavery, but neither wanted to get rid of it where it already existed. Neither liked slavery, but neither wanted to get rid of it where it already existed. Both were against racial equality. Both were against racial equality.

6 Civil Rights Spectrum in 1850s AGAINST SLAVERY WANTS EQUALITY (LIBERAL) AGAINST SLAVERY AGAINST EQUALITY (MODERATE) WANTS SLAVERY AGAINST EQUALITY (CONSERVATIVE)

7 At Fort Sumter Museum

8 Lincoln Is Elected President Lincoln lost the Senate in 1858 but won the Presidency in Lincoln lost the Senate in 1858 but won the Presidency in –He was nominated because he was “moderate” in his views. South was outraged, because Lincoln didn’t want slavery in any new states. South was outraged, because Lincoln didn’t want slavery in any new states.

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10 Southern Secession South Carolina secedes from the U.S. in Dec (shortly after election results). South Carolina secedes from the U.S. in Dec (shortly after election results). Cause = Slavery Cause = Slavery Trigger = Lincoln’s election Trigger = Lincoln’s election Confederate States of America were formed. Confederate States of America were formed.

11 Confederate $100 Bill

12 Gettysburg & the Address Battle of Gettysburg was a turning point in the war. Battle of Gettysburg was a turning point in the war. –Union victory, but heavy losses on both sides  About 8,000 killed Lincoln gave his famous Gettysburg Address four months later… Lincoln gave his famous Gettysburg Address four months later…

13 Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln saw emancipation (freeing slaves) as both a moral issue and a military strategy. Lincoln saw emancipation (freeing slaves) as both a moral issue and a military strategy. –Helped gain support from abroad. In 1863, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. In 1863, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. –Freed slaves only in confederate states. –Freed slaves only in areas in which Union troops were not in control. –Did not free slaves in states that remained in the Union.

14 Learning Targets  I can evaluate the outcome of the Dred Scott case and its impact on the conflict between North and South.  I can explain why the Republican party chose Abraham Lincoln to be their candidate in election of  I can explain Lincoln’s views on slavery and racial equality.  I can identify the root cause of secession and the event that triggered it.  I can analyze the intent of the Emancipation Proclamation.


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