Presentation on theme: "Growing Tensions Over Slavery Ch. 14 Section 1 p. 482-485."— Presentation transcript:
Growing Tensions Over Slavery Ch. 14 Section 1 p. 482-485
Growing Tensions Over Slavery What we will learn: 1.Why new lands created old conflicts 2. How new political parties affected the north/south conflict
Vocabulary Popular Sovereignty – People in states voting directly on issues, rather than their elected officials doing so Secede - To withdraw
Vocabulary (Con’t) Vital – Of high importance Crisis - A critical problem
I – Slavery & the Mexican- American War A- Victory & new lands recharge slavery issue 1. Missouri Compromise has created an uneasy peace 2. The Wilmot Proviso a. No new slaves in new Mex/Amer lands 1. Fails in Senate 2. Viewed as attack on slavery
How is the Mexican American War Territory similar to Missouri? How is it different?
B- New Political Parties 1. Antislavery Party a. Democrats & Whigs took no firm stance on slavery b. 1848- Democratic senator Lewis Cass (MI) – Popular Sovereignty 1. direct vote
2. Free Soil Party a. combine anti-slavery Whigs & Dems 1. all Mex/Amer territory= free C. California 1. Issues with CA statehood a. gold rush(1849) = pop b. free vs. slave debate c. south threatens secession d. fugitive slave issues e. John C. Calhoun 1. abolition or secession
Henry Clay The Great Compromiser –How will Clay compromise this one? –You will have to find out tomorrow
Compromises Fail 2 Day Class objectives: 1. Summarize the Compromise of 1850 2. Describe the impact of Uncle Tom’s Cabin 3. Assess the decision made by abolitionists to assist runaways following the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 4. Evaluate the effects of the Kansas- Nebraska Act
II – The Compromise of 1850 To Please the North: -CA= Free State -Ban slaves in D.C. To Please the South: -Popular Sovereignty -Fugitive slave law
A- Northern Outrage 1. Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 a. Allows designated gov’t officials to arrest runaway slave suspects. b. Northerners req’d to helpreturn runaways c. convictions based on the testimony of alleged owner d. northerners resist
Questions for deep thought: What was the result of the Fugitive Slave Act in the North? How about the South? Did it help or hurt the southern cause?
B- Uncle Tom’s Cabin 1. Harriet Beecher Stowe- Litchfield CT a. daughter of abolitionist minister 2. About Uncle Tom, a slave who is abused by owner Simon Legree 3. Heavy impact in the North a. Outraged previously uninterested northerners
4. Heavy Impact in the South a. called propaganda* (*false, or misleading information used to further a cause) 1. claimed novel did not present accurate picture of the lives of slaves
Uncle Tom’s Cabin “Tom opened his eyes, and looked upon his master… ‘There an’t no more ye can do! I forgive ye with all of my soul!’ and he fainted entirely away. ‘I b’lieve, my soul, he’s done for, finally’ said Legree, stepping forward, to look at him. ‘Yes, he is! Well, his mouth’s shut up, at last, -that’s one comfort!’” - Stowe, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Ch. 38
It’s Your Decision: You are a white business man in Philadelphia who has just read Uncle Tom’s Cabin. One night you hear a knock at your door. It is a black man and his family. It doesn’t take you long to figure out that they are runaway slaves fleeing bondage via the Underground Railroad. The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 requires you to turn them In or face harsh penalties yourself. You want to help, but how will your family put food on the table if you are arrested? Still, you have a decision to make. What will you do? Min. 2 paragraphs typed, double-spaced. Due Monday 10/22
III – Kansas-Nebraska Act A- Kansas & Nebraska Territories 1. North of Mo. Compromise slave border 2. Stephen Douglas a. develop new lands for R.R. b. Slave debate solved by pop. sovereignty. 1. north unhappy
Questions for deep thoughts 1.How did the Kansas- Nebraska Act affect the Missouri Compromise? 2.Was popular sovereignty a fair solution for new territories?
B- Bleeding Kansas 1. Pro, and anti-slave settlers migrated to Kansas a. elect pro-slavery legislation b. anti-slavery settlers refuse results 1. hold 2 nd election c. 2 gov’ts fight for control 1. violence erupts
2. Bloodshed in the Senate a. MA Senator Charles Sumner attacked on senate floor following harsh anti- slavery speech 1. seen as further evidence of slavery's brutality
Exit Ticket: Evaluate the effects of the Kansas-Nebraska Act 1 paragraph
The Crisis Deepens Class objectives: 1.Explain why the Republican Party Developed 2.Summarize issues involved in the Dred Scott case 3.Compare Lincoln & Douglas’s views on slavery 4.Contrast reactions to John Brown’s raid
John Brown Event Sequence Return to New England following Pottawatomie Massacre
John Brown Event Sequence Return to New England following Pottawatomie Massacre Plotted to raise army in order to free slaves
John Brown Event Sequence Return to New England following Pottawatomie Massacre Plotted to raise army in order to free slaves 1859 Attack on Harpers Ferry, VA. Seized guns from Army barracks
John Brown Event Sequence Return to New England following Pottawatomie Massacre Plotted to raise army in order to free slaves 1859 Attack on Harpers Ferry, VA. Seized guns from Army barracks Col. Robert E. Lee wounds and captures Brown
John Brown Event Sequence Return to New England following Pottawatomie Massacre Plotted to raise army in order to free slaves 1859 Attack on Harpers Ferry, VA. Seized guns from Army barracks Col. Robert E. Lee wounds and captures Brown Guilty of Murder/Treason- Executed – 12/2/1859
John Brown’s Body John Brown's body lies a-mouldering in the grave; (3X) His soul's marching on! ( Chorus ) Glory, halle—hallelujah! Glory, halle— hallelujah! Glory, halle—hallelujah! his soul's marching on! He's gone to be a soldier in the army of the Lord! (3X) His soul's marching on! ( Chorus ) John Brown's knapsack is strapped upon his back! (3X) His soul's marching on! ( Chorus ) His pet lambs will meet him on the way; (3X) They go marching on! (3X) As they march along!
Battle Hymn of the Republic Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord: He is trampling out the vintage where the grapes of wrath are stored; He hath loosed the fateful lightning of His terrible swift sword: His truth is marching on. ( Chorus ) Glory, glory, hallelujah! Glory, glory, hallelujah! Glory, glory, hallelujah! His truth is marching on.Gloryhallelujah I have seen Him in the watch-fires of a hundred circling camps, They have builded Him an altar in the evening dews and damps; I can read His righteous sentence by the dim and flaring lamps: His day is marching on. ( Chorus ) Glory, glory, hallelujah! Glory, glory, hallelujah! Glory, glory, hallelujah! His day is marching on. I have read a fiery gospel writ in burnished rows of steel: "As ye deal with my contemners, so with you my grace shall deal; Let the Hero, born of woman, crush the serpent with his heel, Since God is marching on."gospel the serpent