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ICEL Exodus 3:1-10 (New International Version) 3 Now Moses was tending the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian, and he led the flock.

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Presentation on theme: "ICEL Exodus 3:1-10 (New International Version) 3 Now Moses was tending the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian, and he led the flock."— Presentation transcript:

1 ICEL Exodus 3:1-10 (New International Version) 3 Now Moses was tending the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian, and he led the flock to the far side of the wilderness and came to Horeb, the mountain of God. 2 There the angel of the appeared to him in flames of fire from within a bush. Moses saw that though the bush was on fire it did not burn up. 2 There the angel of the L ORD appeared to him in flames of fire from within a bush. Moses saw that though the bush was on fire it did not burn up. 3 So Moses thought, ‘I will go over and see this strange sight – why the bush does not burn up.’

2 ICEL Exodus 3:1-10 (New International Version) 4 When the saw that he had gone over to look, God called to him from within the bush, ‘Moses! Moses!’ 4 When the L ORD saw that he had gone over to look, God called to him from within the bush, ‘Moses! Moses!’ And Moses said, ‘Here I am.’ 5 ‘Do not come any closer,’ God said. ‘Take off your sandals, for the place where you are standing is holy ground.’ 6 Then he said, ‘I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob.’ At this, Moses hid his face, because he was afraid to look at God.

3 ICEL Exodus 3:1-10 (New International Version) 7 The said, ‘I have indeed seen the misery of my people in Egypt. I have heard them crying out because of their slave drivers, and I am concerned about their suffering. 7 The L ORD said, ‘I have indeed seen the misery of my people in Egypt. I have heard them crying out because of their slave drivers, and I am concerned about their suffering. 8 So I have come down to rescue them from the hand of the Egyptians and to bring them up out of that land into a good and spacious land, a land flowing with milk and honey – the home of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites.

4 ICEL Exodus 3:1-10 (New International Version) 9 And now the cry of the Israelites has reached me, and I have seen the way the Egyptians are oppressing them. 10 So now, go. I am sending you to Pharaoh to bring my people the Israelites out of Egypt.’

5 ICEL Exodus 3:1-10 (New International Version) 9 And now the cry of the Israelites has reached me, and I have seen the way the Egyptians are oppressing them. 10 So now, go. I am sending you to Pharaoh to bring my people the Israelites out of Egypt.’

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7 ICEL Colossians 3:18-24 (New International Version) 18 Wives, submit yourselves to your husbands, as is fitting in the Lord. 19 Husbands, love your wives and do not be harsh with them. 20 Children, obey your parents in everything, for this pleases the Lord. 21 Fathers, do not embitter your children, or they will become discouraged.

8 ICEL Colossians 3:18-24 (New International Version) 22 Slaves, obey your earthly masters in everything; and do it, not only when their eye is on you and to curry their favour, but with sincerity of heart and reverence for the Lord. 23 Whatever you do, work at it with all your heart, as working for the Lord, not for human masters, 24 since you know that you will receive an inheritance from the Lord as a reward. It is the Lord Christ you are serving.

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10 ICEL Jesus Christ has set us free Exodus 3:1-10 Collosians 3:18-24 Prof Dr Jack McDonald President of the Anglican Church in Belgium 26 October 2014

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12 ICEL We need Christian role-models and heroes. My hero is William Wilberforce ( ) Wilberforce is a great example of the power of Christ acting in someone's life to enable them to do great things for the kingdom of God

13 ICEL William Wilberforce born in Hull in 'God's Own County' son of Robert, a wealthy merchant educated at Hull Grammar School, Pocklington School and St John's College Cambridge At 18, he inherited vast wealth from his family and lived a hedonistic lifestyle - gambling and drinking and doing little work Amazingly, he passed his exams and decided to continue this lifestyle as an MP: elected MP for Hull aged 21. Spent his time gambling, drinking, singing and entertaining the ladies - Madame de Staël called him "the wittiest man in England" English upper classes lived astonishingly dissolute lives: William Pitt, Wilberforce's lifelong friend and Prime Minister of the UK at 24, died of alcoholism after a 3 bottles of port per day habit! A life of comfort and ease awaited him...

14 ICEL Trailer Amazing Grace https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q6Cv5P9H9qU

15 ICEL 1784 Aged 25, he went on a 6-month grand tour of Europe with the Revd Isaac Milner During this tour, Wilberforce was converted to an evangelical Anglican faith He read the Bible, prayed daily, renounced his hedonism and resolved to live a serious and godly life This conversion was the object of ridicule and contempt among his High Church Tory friends, who saw Anglican evangelicals as dangerous and foolish radicals!

16 ICEL 1787 Wilberforce decides to make the abolition of the slave trade his lifelong Christian work, encouraged by William Pitt and a group of Anglican evangelicals (the Revd James Ramsay, the Revd Thomas Clarkson, Sir Joshua Reynolds, Hannah More) and Quakers Society for effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade established by 3 Anglicans and 9 Quakers - the first ever ecumenical society of its kind. The Society pursued its aims by two routes - publicity and legislation.

17 ICEL Josiah Wedgwood's famous medallion: Am I not a man and a brother?

18 ICEL Thomas Clarkson's famous diagram of the Brookes filled with 609 slaves First ever grassroots political campaign in UK - several hundred thousand people signed anti-slavery petitions

19 ICEL 1791 After vast preparation, the first of Wilberforce's 15 anti-slave trade Bills came to Parliament... easily defeated by 163 to 88 votes

20 ICEL Why did Christian people oppose abolition? Anti-slavery now seems normal and unopposable, but things were different 200 years ago, when strong Christian voices supported slavery: Natural law - different peoples have different natural capacities

21 ICEL Why did Christian people oppose abolition? Anti-slavery now seems normal and unopposable, but things were different 200 years ago, when strong Christian voices supported slavery: Natural law Bible: God establishes slavery through Noah, Abraham and Joseph Slavery is part of Law of Moses Slavery is part of normal life Masters should treat slaves well, but slavery itself is not wrong

22 ICEL Why did Christian people oppose abolition? Anti-slavery now seems normal and unopposable, but things were different 200 years ago, when strong Christian voices supported slavery: Natural law Bible: Churches (Catholic, Protestant and Anglican) had watched Spain, Portugal, England, France and Holland set up Atlantic Slave Trade and c12M Africans transported to the Americas with hardly a murmur of protest

23 ICEL Why did Christian people oppose abolition? Anti-slavery now seems normal and unopposable, but things were different 200 years ago, when strong Christian voices supported slavery: Natural law Bible: Churches Economics - slavery was enormously profitable - the French Republic abolished it in 1794, but Napoleon reintroduced it in 1802 solely for economic reasons

24 ICEL Why did Christian people oppose abolition? Anti-slavery now seems normal and unopposable, but things were different 200 years ago, when strong Christian voices supported slavery: Natural law Bible: Churches Economics Slavery was only opposed by John Wesley and the Quakers (considered as cranks) and by the French Revolutionaries (considered as dangerous cranks)

25 ICEL How did Wilberforce, as an active evangelical, Bible-reading Anglican, justify abolition? We cannot deny what the Bible plainly says: "Slaves, obey your masters." But look at the whole message of Scripture: "There is a principle above everything that is political; and when I reflect on the command which says: 'Thou shalt do no murder', believing the authority to be divine, how can I dare to set up any reasonings of my own against it? And, sir, when we think of eternity and of the future consequences of all human conduct, what is there in this life that should make any man contradict the dictates of his conscience, the principles of justice, the laws of religion and of God?" (Wilberforce to Parliament, 12 May 1789) The overall message of Scripture is one of justice and freedom, which individual examples of slavery cannot overturn

26 ICEL How did Wilberforce, as an active evangelical, Bible-reading Anglican, justify abolition? So the good Christian reads the Bible, accepts what is seen there, seeks the overall message, and opposes slavery in the name of Jesus Christ who sets us free

27 ICEL Go down, Moses https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HB1cyFiHCUU

28 ICEL The rest is history … 1806: Wilberforce's 400 page Letter on the Abolition of the Slave Trade 1807: Abolition of the Slave Trade Act voted by 283 to 16 votes

29 ICEL Wilberforce braved ulcerative colitis and the smears of the well-organised plantation owners to pursue his Christian mission to the end He represents a Christian courage allied to a distinctive Anglican way of receiving the Holy Scriptures, in which the question: "What does the Bible say in this verse?" is followed by: "What is the general message God is giving us in the Bible?" All Anglicans are proud of Wilberforce and he has his own commemoration day on 30 July

30 ICEL The Collect for William Wilberforce O God our deliverer, who sent your Son Jesus Christ to set your people free from the slavery of sin: grant that, as your servant William Wilberforce toiled against the sin of slavery, so we may bring compassion to all and work for the freedom of all the children of God; through Jesus Christ your Son our Lord. Amen.


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