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Slavery during the Antebellum Period By Tatiana Dalton and Geneva Cann.

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Presentation on theme: "Slavery during the Antebellum Period By Tatiana Dalton and Geneva Cann."— Presentation transcript:

1 Slavery during the Antebellum Period By Tatiana Dalton and Geneva Cann

2 Cotton Gin A machine that quickly separates cotton fibers from cotton cotton seeds. This was previously done by hand, so it was a very popular and successful invention. Invented by the American, Eli Whitney Made the South even more dependent on slavery o Cotton became the most profitable crop o Many slaves needed to produce cotton

3 Slavery and the Economy of the South: 1824, cotton cultivation in the South was tremendous and the South depended on slavery to finance their lives. Politicians feared that abolishing slavery would destroy the South's economy We usually picture a plantation as having hundreds of slaves on it, but in fact, three-fourths of white Southerners did not even own slaves; of those who did, 88% owned twenty or fewer!

4 Living Conditions of Slaves




8 Treatment of Antebellum-era Slaves Slaves still thought of as property o Status maintained by violence o Even non-slaveholding southerners promoted this view of blacks Worked as hard laborers, skilled artisans, and domestic workers o Domestic work generally preferred - however, greater scrutiny, less privacy o Women - extra task of taking care of the family, weaving, cooking, etc. Poor conditions on plantations o Inadequate diet and living quarters o Climate difficulties - disease, infant mortality

9 Slave Culture Slaves on a plantation formed a community o Marriages between slaves o After work - meetings to socialize, tell stories, make secret plans o Singing and music another form of expression o Kept their true selves away from whites, "underground" Religion a source of inspiration o Christianity, Islam, African religions o Moses, "day of reckoning" Parents taught children tricks of surviving in a white-dominated world Hunting, gathering, herbal medicines to supplement diet

10 Nat Turner's Slave Rebellion Virginia, 1831-slaves revolted, killing whites and freeing slaves Resulted in white retaliation, killings of many blacks

11 Antislavery Organizations and Ante- Bellum Reform The American Colonization Society o Sought to send freed blacks to an African colony o Proved to be inefficient The American Antislavery Society o Founded by o William Lloyd Garrison o The Liberator The Liberty Party o Made up of Northerners o The party's candidate for president - James Birney o A split between abolitionists: moral crusading vs. political action

12 Abolitionists and Children Abolitionists viewed children as morally pure, and therefore viewed children as natural opponents of slavery Produced antislavery toys, games and alphabet books

13 Other Antislavery Activists Black Abolitionists Harriet Tubman, David Ruggles, Sojourner Truth, an William Still organized efforts to help fugitive slaves to freedom Frederick Douglass: antislavery journal- The North Star Violent Abolitionism Walker and Garnet: slaves should rise up, take action against their masters

14 Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad Tubman, known as "Moses" coordinated with white families willing to house runaways o "Safe houses" were identified by a lit lantern hanging on a post outside Journey to freedom could take from 2 months to one year

15 Political: Slavery in the north had disappeared by 1820 Ban of importation of slaves (1808) High tariffs threaten southern cotton production (South Carolina suffered economic decline in 1820s), cotton prices were lowered Jackson becomes president in 1828, supported the south and slavery The North opposed Jackson, wanted to end slavery

16 The Amistad

17 The Missouri Compromise 1819-1820 Missouri's bid for statehood complicated by its tolerance of slavery (Northerners opposed) Would upset sectional balance of free vs. slave states Balance allowed Southerners to prevent unwanted legislation Tallmadge Amendment Proposed Conditions of Admission: o No further introduction of slaves into MS o Children of MS slaves to be emancipated at 25 Amendment shot down by Northerners Clay's Proposal (Combination of three bills) Missouri a new slave state Maine a new free state No more slavery in Louisiana Territory north of latitude 36 AFTER COMPROMISE: 30 YEARS OF SECTIONAL BALANCE AND LIMITED CONFLICT OVER SLAVERY

18 The Compromise of 1850 THE ISSUES: Territory gained in war with Mexico Washington, D.C. California - petition to become a new state THE COMPROMISE (proposed by Henry Clay): New territories - slavery policy to be determined by inhabitants D.C. - slave trade abolished, slavery still allowed California - admitted as free state Fugitive Slave Act

19 The Fugitive Slave Act Required citizens to participate in returning fugitive slaves to their masters Case commissioners o Paid twice the amount if fugitive was given back to his "master" New rules made filing a claim easier for slave owners Antislavery Northerners allowed for the passage of this act in return for the admission of California as a free state.

20 Anthony Burns Slave in Virginia Escaped to Boston, followed by master Violence at the courthouse during hearing Burns sent back to VA only to buy freedom

21 Works Cited The AMSCO AP US History Review Book "The Enduring Vision" textbook Living condition photographs available on Flickr

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