4Middle PassageSlave Deck of the Bark “Wildfire” depicts slaves brought into Key West on April 30, 1860.Plans of the British Slave Ship, Brookes (1789). Library of Congress.Slave Deck of the Bark “Wildfire” (Harper’s Weekly, 1860)
12David Walker’s Appeal (1829) Walker’s Appeal proved controversial in the South. In fact, Georgia officials offered a bounty of $1,000 for Walker’s dead body and $10,000 if found alive. Northern pacifists and abolitionists such as William Lloyd Garrison attacked the pamphlet for its advocacy of violence
13Five generations of an enslaved family, Beaufort, SC, 1862. Slavery in the SouthA Virginia nursemaid, 1859.Louisiana slave, Gordon, is photographed with a scarred back in Library of CongressFive generations of an enslaved family, Beaufort, SC, 1862.“King Cotton”
18Dred Scott v. Sanford Dred Scott --Missouri Slave In 1846, he sued for his freedom because his master took him to Illinois which was a free state.By 1857, Scott’s case reached the U.S. Supreme Court which ruled that residence on free soil did not allow slaves freedom and that Congress did not have the authority to prohibit slavery in federal territories.Justice Roger B. Taney wrote in the decision that blacks “had no rights which a white man was bound to respect.”
19Slavery on the Eve of the Civil War Citation for cotton map is: Southeast Archeological Center, National Park Service. "Cotton Production, 1860." Accessed March 24, 2010.
20The Demise of SlaveryThomas Nast, “Emancipation,” Harper’s Weekly, January 24, 1863 (wood engraving).On January 1, 1863, Pres. Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation.