Presentation on theme: "A Brief Overview Dr. Daina Ramey Berry UT Austin A Brief Overview Dr. Daina Ramey Berry UT Austin."— Presentation transcript:
A Brief Overview Dr. Daina Ramey Berry UT Austin A Brief Overview Dr. Daina Ramey Berry UT Austin
West African Coast
Middle Passage Plans of the British Slave Ship, Brookes (1789). Library of Congress. Slave Deck of the Bark “Wildfire” (Harper’s Weekly, 1860)
Slavery vs. Indentured Servitude
Slavery in the North African Burial Ground, in Lower Manhattan, NYC. Sojourner Truth of Ulster County, NY. Reverend Richard Allen of Philadelphia, PA.
Gradual Emancipation in the North Source:
David Walker’s Appeal (1829) Walker’s Appeal proved controversial in the South. In fact, Georgia officials offered a bounty of $1,000 for Walker’s dead body and $10,000 if found alive. Northern pacifists and abolitionists such as William Lloyd Garrison attacked the pamphlet for its advocacy of violence
Slavery in the South Louisiana slave, Gordon, is photographed with a scarred back in Library of Congress Five generations of an enslaved family, Beaufort, SC, A Virginia nursemaid, “King Cotton”
The Compromises Over Slavery
Sectionalism & Slavery Radical Abolitionist John Brown President Abraham Lincoln and the founding of the Republican Party in The Brooks-Sumner Canning Incident (1856)
Dred Scott v. Sanford Dred Scott --Missouri Slave In 1846, he sued for his freedom because his master took him to Illinois which was a free state. By 1857, Scott’s case reached the U.S. Supreme Court which ruled that residence on free soil did not allow slaves freedom and that Congress did not have the authority to prohibit slavery in federal territories. Justice Roger B. Taney wrote in the decision that blacks “had no rights which a white man was bound to respect.”
Slavery on the Eve of the Civil War
The Demise of Slavery Thomas Nast, “Emancipation,” Harper’s Weekly, January 24, 1863 (wood engraving). On January 1, 1863, Pres. Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation.