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United States Slavery:

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Presentation on theme: "United States Slavery:"— Presentation transcript:

1 United States Slavery:
A Brief Overview Dr. Daina Ramey Berry UT Austin

2 West African Coast

3 Triangular Trade

4 Middle Passage Slave Deck of the Bark “Wildfire” depicts slaves brought into Key West on April 30, 1860. Plans of the British Slave Ship, Brookes (1789). Library of Congress. Slave Deck of the Bark “Wildfire” (Harper’s Weekly, 1860)


6 Slavery vs. Indentured Servitude

7 Slavery in the North African Burial Ground, in Lower Manhattan, NYC.
Sojourner Truth of Ulster County, NY. Reverend Richard Allen of Philadelphia, PA.


9 Gradual Emancipation in the North



12 David Walker’s Appeal (1829)
Walker’s Appeal proved controversial in the South. In fact, Georgia officials offered a bounty of $1,000 for Walker’s dead body and $10,000 if found alive. Northern pacifists and abolitionists such as William Lloyd Garrison attacked the pamphlet for its advocacy of violence

13 Five generations of an enslaved family, Beaufort, SC, 1862.
Slavery in the South A Virginia nursemaid, 1859. Louisiana slave, Gordon, is photographed with a scarred back in Library of Congress Five generations of an enslaved family, Beaufort, SC, 1862. “King Cotton”


15 The Compromises Over Slavery

16 Sectionalism & Slavery
President Abraham Lincoln and the founding of the Republican Party in 1854. Radical Abolitionist John Brown The Brooks-Sumner Canning Incident (1856)


18 Dred Scott v. Sanford Dred Scott --Missouri Slave
In 1846, he sued for his freedom because his master took him to Illinois which was a free state. By 1857, Scott’s case reached the U.S. Supreme Court which ruled that residence on free soil did not allow slaves freedom and that Congress did not have the authority to prohibit slavery in federal territories. Justice Roger B. Taney wrote in the decision that blacks “had no rights which a white man was bound to respect.”

19 Slavery on the Eve of the Civil War
Citation for cotton map is: Southeast Archeological Center, National Park Service. "Cotton Production, 1860." Accessed March 24, 2010.

20 The Demise of Slavery Thomas Nast, “Emancipation,” Harper’s Weekly, January 24, 1863 (wood engraving). On January 1, 1863, Pres. Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation.

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