2 Ulrich B. Phillips American Negro Slavery (1918) Paternalistic, benign institutionHappy slaves, good mastersSlavery not $$, but whites did it for blacks’ own good (paternalistic)
3 Herbert Aptheker American Negro Slave Revolts (1943) Challenged Ulrich’s assumptions about childlike nature of blacksSlaves were NOT submissive people without a culture – two words: Nat Turner!
4 Kenneth Stampp The Peculiar Institution (1956) Slavery was harsh and abusive…but $$Cruelty was a common aspect of coercing workNot much of a culture because there was no time/spaceSlaves resisted most in “little” ways
5 Stanley Elkins Slavery (1959) Psych/cultural impact of slavery Brutality of slavery similar to HolocaustBlack families were destroyed by slaverySeparationStrict legal codesSexual exploitationSambo created by slavery
6 Eugene Genovese Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World Slaves Made (1976) Slavery was a southern way of lifeAfr-Ams used passive resistance to control their lives, develop culture and remain “independent”Slavery was paternalistic and brutal
7 Ira Berlin Generations of Captivity (2002) Slavery evolved and was different during different times and in different places