2Ulrich B. Phillips American Negro Slavery (1918) Paternalistic, benign institutionHappy slaves, good mastersSlavery not $$, but whites did it for blacks’ own good (paternalistic)
3Herbert Aptheker American Negro Slave Revolts (1943) Challenged Ulrich’s assumptions about childlike nature of blacksSlaves were NOT submissive people without a culture – two words: Nat Turner!
4Kenneth Stampp The Peculiar Institution (1956) Slavery was harsh and abusive…but $$Cruelty was a common aspect of coercing workNot much of a culture because there was no time/spaceSlaves resisted most in “little” ways
5Stanley Elkins Slavery (1959) Psych/cultural impact of slavery Brutality of slavery similar to HolocaustBlack families were destroyed by slaverySeparationStrict legal codesSexual exploitationSambo created by slavery
6Eugene Genovese Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World Slaves Made (1976) Slavery was a southern way of lifeAfr-Ams used passive resistance to control their lives, develop culture and remain “independent”Slavery was paternalistic and brutal
7Ira Berlin Generations of Captivity (2002) Slavery evolved and was different during different times and in different places