Presentation on theme: "Slavery in the South The conditions in SC"— Presentation transcript:
1Slavery in the South The conditions in SC 3-4.2 Summarize the institution of slavery prior to the Civil War, including reference to:The conditions in SCThe invention of the cotton ginExpansion of SlaveryEconomic dependence on Slavery
2Day 1: The Conditions in South Carolina Before the Civil War, the North and the South were more different than alike.The South’s warm climate was excellent for growing cash crops such as rice and cotton.
3The Conditions in the North The North also had farms and farmers, but its cooler climate was not good for growing these two cash crops- cotton and rice.The North grew wheat and corn.
4Different EconomiesThe North had an economy with more manufacturing. Many workers were employed in factories.The South, on the otherhand, had an economybased on farming.Big plantations needed the work of many people to produce large cash crops.
5Question Time!How were the economies different in the North and the South?Name one way the North and the South were alike.
6Slavery Life Video: The Life of a Plantation Slave 2 minutes with a partner:Discuss what you learned about the life of a plantation slave.
7Slavery LifeRead the article entitled Slavery in the Slavery in South Carolina Newspaper.Volume 9, Issue 2Second QuarterWeek 11In your notebook:Cut and paste the article in your notebook.On the next page:Pretend you are a slave writing in your journal. Tell about your work and feelings and how you live. Use facts from this week’s Studies Weekly to make your writing seem real.
8Day 2: The Invention of the Cotton Gin Video:The Layout of a PlantationHow did the Elite population live differently than the Enslaved African American population?
9The Cash Crop of CottonAt this time, there were two main cash crops being grown in South Carolina.RICE and COTTONCotton was a difficult crop to makeinto textiles, or clothing, becauseof the seeds in the cotton fibers.Three inventions were made to help the cotton industry.By far, the most important invention was the cotton gin that was invented by Eli Whitney in The cotton gin made it easier to pick the seed from the short boll cotton, which in turn helped make cotton a profitable cash crop for all parts of South Carolina.Video: Slavery and the Revolution in Cloth-Making
10Expansion of Slavery due to Cotton Gin True or False:Using the cotton gin, it was faster to take the seed out of the boll, so less slave labor was needed.False!The cotton gin led to the expansion of slavery.Planters soon increased profits by increasing the production of cotton which required more slave labor to plant, chop (hoe) and pick the cotton.Planters bought additional slaves and were less likely to free any of their slaves, continuing the use of slavery.
11The Invention of the Cotton Gin Read the article entitled Demand in the Slavery in South Carolina Newspaper.Volume 9, Issue 2Second QuarterWeek 11In your notebook:Cut and paste the article in your notebook.On the next page:How did the invention of the cotton gin effect slavery and South Carolina’s economy?
12Day 3: Dependency on Slavery Video:Southern Plantations and Farms: Slave LaborAs the cultivation of cotton grew, cotton became increasingly important to the economy of South Carolina and South Carolinians became increasingly dependent on slave labor.
13Expansion of Slavery in All Farms Many smaller independent farmers, because of increased profits due to the cotton gin, also became slave owners.Like the larger plantations, they too became dependent on the slaves to keep up the increased production of cotton on their farms. More slaves equaled more money, regardless of the size of the farm.As a result of the increased production of cotton, cotton farmers sought more land farther west and the institution of slavery was spread with the cultivation of new cotton fields.
14Activity A huge wind storm has blown away the cotton in the fields. What do you do?How does this affect you?Work with a partner:Create a T-chart in your notebook. Describe how this event would affect you if you were part of the Elite or part of the Enslaved African Americans.
15Day 4: Southern Way of Life Create a flip chart for life before the Civil War:Life on a PlantationLife on a Small FarmLife in the CityRead pages of your Social Studies textbook to help complete your flip chart.
16Day 5: Abolitionist Movement Slavery was accepted by almost all South Carolinians as their way of life, even though many South Carolinians did not own slaves.Slavery was defended by the middle class, who hoped one day to be like the elites.Slavery was defended by the lower class whites who, at the very least, felt superior to the enslaved African American.
17Abolitionist Movement Abolitionist: people who worked to abolish, or end, slaveryAbolitionist Movement: an era to outlaw slavery throughout the United StatesVideo: Abolitionists
18Abolitionism in South Carolina Abolitionism was seen by South Carolinians as a threat to their way of life.Abolitionists spoke outagainst slavery in speechesand newspapers.South Carolina refused toallow abolitionist newspapersto be mailed into the state.South Carolinians feared that abolitionists would foster slave revolts and were, therefore, not welcome in the state.
19South Carolina Speaks Out South Carolinians who spoke out against slavery were often jailed and not accepted by members of society.Some abolitionists,such as the Grimkesisters from Charlestonwho spoke out againstslavery, were forced toleave South Carolina.Sarah Angelina
20TDRRead Social Studies pages Compare and Contrast:How did Sarah Grimke’s beliefs about slavery differ from the beliefs of many Southerners in the early 1800s?Read Freedom Quilt or Follow the Drinking Gourd
21Underground RailroadAbolitionists also provided resting places for escaping slaves along the Underground Railroad.
22Underground Railroad in SC Escaped slaves often continued their journey all the way to Canada because they were not safe from recapture in the North. Most Northerners were not abolitionists.Slaves escaping South Carolina had a difficult time because the state was too far from the border with the North and even farther from Canada.The abolitionist movement was effective in South Carolina only in making slave owners more determined to defend the right to own slaves.Video: Underground Railroad
23Follow the Drinking Gourd Video: Slavery DiscussionIn your notebook:How did abolitionists feel about slavery compared to the ones who supported slavery?
24Day 6: Slavery Allowed?The argument over slavery being legal reached a climax as a result of a series of disagreements between the North and the South.South Carolina was afraid that if more states joined the Union as free states, the slaves states would be outnumbered by the more populated free states in Congress.
25State’s RightsStates' rights: the idea that each state had the right to decide whether or not to obey national laws that they may agree or disagree withJohn C. Calhoun thoughtof this idea. It does notconform to the intent ofthe Constitution of theUnited States however.Video: John C. Calhoun
26Abraham Lincoln Becomes President Video: Abraham Lincoln Becomes PresidentWhen Abraham Lincoln won the election of 1860, South Carolinians were afraid that he would free their slaves.However, Lincoln wanted to stop the spread of slavery - he was not an abolitionist.
27Secession of South Carolina Video: The Election of Abraham LincolnLincoln did not advocate ending slavery in South Carolina and the rest of the South.South Carolina and other southern states were attempting to hold on to a way of life that was based on slavery and defended their action with the argument of states' rights.So they seceded from the Union in order to preserve their way of life.
28Secession of South Carolina Read the article entitled Secession in the Slavery in South Carolina Newspaper.Volume 9, Issue 2Second QuarterWeek 12In your notebook:Cut and paste the article in your notebook.On the next page:What were the reasons that South Carolina seceded from the Union?