2Life in the Colonies Objectives: Describe the Triangular Trade and how it affected American Society.Analyze why slavery grows in America.Explain the differences between the regions of the English Colonies as they develop.
3Life in the Colonies Population increase. Settlers: 250,000 (1700) to 2,500,000 (1775)Slaves: 28,000 to 500,000Colonial Economics and the Slave Trade.
4The New England Colonies As population swells we see a need of more government.Agricultural / Pre-Industrial society.Women married early had large families.Question: Why? What does it mean to be puritanical.Growth of Towns and Villages.Subsistence Farming
5Economics in New England CommerceWaterpower, Lumber, Mills (Grain)Cottage industry (The hidden economy of women.)Shipbuilding, Fishing, intra-colonial tradeTriangular Trade
10This plan above of a slave ship developed by Clarkson and his co-workers shocked the public when it appeared in It shows how 482 slaves could be packed on board the Brookes of Liverpool for the 6 to 8 week voyage to the West Indies. The Brookes actually carried 609 slaves on one voyage.
11There is one final poignant link There is one final poignant link. Under the slave trade system people suffered to provide luxuries like sugar, chocolate, coffee and tea for our table at an affordable price. This was morally wrong but most people were not aware of their wrongdoing until the abolitionist campaign exposed it for what it was. Today the people who put those very same items on our table are suffering because they do not get a fair price for their produce. Again this is so we can buy these relative luxuries at an affordable price, again it is morally wrong and again people are not aware of it. Who today is going to point it out for them, and how?
13Slavery Question: What Colony had made slavery illegal? Jamestown and Georgia.
14The Southern EconomyBecause of the good soil and long growing season the South did not develop commerce or industry. The depended on English Merchants to manage their trade.Cultivated Large Farms – Plantations which needed a large unskilled labor force.
15Tobacco and Rice and The Tidewater The cash crop of Maryland and Virginia was tobacco. However, overproduction would cause profits to fall. (Q. What economic law is this?) So, farmers began the switch to corn and wheat.The cash crop of South Carolina and Georgia was Rice. Rice cultivation is a very labor intensive and nasty. Imagine working in the rice fields all day standing in mud up to your knees. (Q. Do you think that you could get an indentured servant to do this?)
16Large Low-lying plains The TidewaterLarge Low-lying plainsalong the coast.RiversLarge Self-ContainedPlantations
17The Three Kings of the Southern Economy (1700 – 1860) King CottonKing TobaccoKing Rice
18Backcountry Appalachian Mountain Foothills Small Farms Few Slaves Outnumbered Large Plantation OwnersQuestion: What is the basis of power in the colonies and who would control the power and political influence?
19ConclusionMajority of colonist, even in the South were not slave holders. However, much of the economy was either based on slave labor or indirectly through the slave trade.African Slaves brought with them their languages and cultures. They also brought with them the knowledge of cultivating Rice.
20Section 2 Government, Religion, and Culture The Glorious RevolutionMercantilismThe Navigation ActsDifferences in Colonial GovernmentsVoting RightsAmerica and the Great Awakening in more than religion.
21The Glorious Revolution King James forced off the thrown in 1688 and Placed his daughter Mary and her husband, William of Orange on the thrown.Remember what happened to Chucky the First? The Parliament is getting more powerful.William and Mary sign the English Bill of Rights.
23MercantilismThe English viewed its American Colonies as an economic recourse.The Colonies provided raw materials for English manufacturers, and a market for finished products.As a nations trade grows, it gold reserve increase, and the nation becomes more powerful.
24The Navigation ActsSeries of acts (laws) that directed the flow of goods between England and the Colonies.SmugglingOnly British ships could transport imported and exported goods from the colonies.The only people who were allowed to trade with the colonies had to be British citizens.Commodities such as sugar, tobacco, and cotton wool which were produced in the colonies could be exported only to British ports.
25Colonial GovernmentGovernment in the colonies varies by the type of charter for that colony.Question: What are the three types of colonial charters?Charter ColoniesProprietary ColoniesRoyal Colonies
26Colonial GovernmentAs the colonies grew, so did the colonists views on government.Time and distance from the mother-country necessitated some form of government to be in place.The Crown also had the responsibility to enforce its laws on the colonies.
27American Colonies Type Colony Government Note Charter Proprietary RoyalColonyConnecticut, Rhode IslandGovernmentGovernor and Legislature Elected by ColonistsNoteGreat Britain had the right to approve governor, but governor could not veto legislature.Connecticut, Rhode IslandDelaware, Maryland, PennsylvaniaProprietor selected the governor and upper house. Colonists Elected the Lower HouseProprietor free to rule.GA, MA, NH, NJ, NY, NC, SC, VADirectly Ruled by Britain.King appointed Gov. and Upper House. Colonists elected the Lower House.
28Get Out The Vote or Not African Women Americans Landless Poor Indentured Servants
29Get Out The Vote or Not Only White, Landowning Males Could Vote!!! WomenIndentured ServantsLandless PoorAfricanAmericans
30An American Culture Education Family Roles Freedom of the Press The EnlightenmentThe Great Awakening
31The Great Awakening What are they awaking to? A religious movement concentrated in New England and the Middle Colonies.They called for a re-birth, “A return to the strong faith of earlier days.Why would this movement not take hold in the South?
32Fire & Brimstone Preachers The Great AwakeningFire & Brimstone PreachersJonathan Edwards
33The Family is the Foundation of Colonial Society Men:Worked the Fields, Built Houses and Barns, Represented Family in CommunityWomen:Cooked, Made Butter and Cheese, Made Clothes, Tended Livestock, ect.
34A Child's Life in The Colonies Boys:Indentured Servants or ApprenticesYoung Women:Maids, Cooks, Nurses, until married.
35Education 85 Percent Literacy Rate Pennsylvania and Massachusetts set up public school systems – by law.Colonists Valued Education and children were usually taught to read and write at home.85 Percent Literacy Rate
36Social and Political Reforms I Think, Therefore I AmExperimentationIdeasThe EnlightenmentSocial and Political ReformsThe Social Contract
38Freedom of the Press English Right of Free Speech Zenger –v- Royal Gov The Internet of its TimeEnglish Right of Free SpeechZenger –v- Royal GovQ: What are some examples of Freedom of the Press where the majority of Americans would not agree with the ideas expressed?
39Life in the Colonies Objectives: Describe the Triangular Trade and how it affected American Society.Analyze why slavery grows in America.Explain the differences between the regions of the English Colonies as they develop.
40An American Culture Education Family Roles Freedom of the Press The EnlightenmentThe Great Awakening