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HUMAN TRAFFICKING Sexual Exploitation in United States of America By Ron Hampton.

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Presentation on theme: "HUMAN TRAFFICKING Sexual Exploitation in United States of America By Ron Hampton."— Presentation transcript:

1 HUMAN TRAFFICKING Sexual Exploitation in United States of America By Ron Hampton

2 OVERVIEW Human Trafficking Market in U.S. Video Based on True Lives Traffickers & Recruiters De-marketing Supply & Demand Counter-trafficking Recommendations

3 What is Human Trafficking? Multi-dimensional threat It deprives people of their human rights and freedoms It is a global health risk Fuels the growth of organized crime.

4 What is Human Trafficking? “Trafficking in persons” shall mean the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labor or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs. The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of a child for the purpose of exploitation shall be considered “trafficking in persons” even if this does not involve any of the means set forth of this article. Source: United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime, Supplemental Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children

5 Forced Labor Prevalent Major Sectors of U.S. Economy PROSTITUTION (46%) DOMESTIC SERVICE (27%) AGRICULTURE (10%) SWEATSHOP FACTORY (5%)

6 Prostitution & Slavery Countries where legalized or tolerated: 1. Fuels the growth 2. Greater DEMAND – nearly always an increase in number of women and children trafficked into commercial slavery.


8 Movement Zones: 1. Source 2. Transit 3. Arrival 4. Movement in U.S.


10 Bought and Sold in the 21st Century - HUMAN commerce rivals ILLEGAL DRUG and ARMS TRAFFICKING commerce - Continues to grow as the U.S. Government PASSES ground-breaking legislation!


12 Sexual S lavery Economic reasons Deceived and lured by traffickers 150,000 foreign victims currently enslaved 17,500 NEW victims every year Coming from all over the world

13 Gender and Age

14 Legal/Illegal foreign-borns reside in Eastern & Western parts of U.S. Especially in California (9 million) and New York (4 million).

15 Traffickers She was supposed to meet her Driven by the extremely high profit margins Use various recruitment methods Prey on the women’s desire to help their families

16 TRAFFICKERS & RECRUITERS As the Supply and Demand Chain is being built, driven by the extremely high profits, the NETWORK which links the SUPPLY with the DEMAND has also been built — they are …… TRAFFICKERS & RECRUITERS

17 Marketing the Product RUSSIAN WEBSITES: In English advertising, “Cheap women, you can fit three in a room, they'll serve 10 men a night" Another in Russian saying, “Great jobs overseas, have your own apartment, don't pay for anything".

18 SUPPLY & DEMAND “Stopping this abuse requires going after the criminal gangs who SUPPLY the sexual predators. But we cannot put them out of business until and unless we deal with the problem of DEMAND. And so that's why we are going after the unscrupulous adults who prey on the young and the innocent.“ President George W. Bush, speaking at the National Training Conference on HUMAN TRAFFICKING, July 16, 2004

19 “TIP” REPORT The U.S. State Department's annual "Trafficking in Persons" Report looks at human trafficking activity around the world and divides countries into a "tier" systems.

20 2005 TIP REPORT “Serves to expose these despicable aspects of trafficking. It provokes, lauds, and challenges countries including the United States.” Secretary of State Condaleeza Rice

21 U.S. State Department's Annual "Trafficking in Persons" Report "Tier 1" countries as those whose governments comply fully with Trafficking Victims Protection Act of "Tier 2" countries do not fully comply with the act but are making "significant progress" toward compliance. "Tier 3" countries do not comply and are not making efforts to do so.

22 U.S. Report Assesses Human Trafficking Map highlights the countries listed as "Tier 3" in the years the State Department has released the report

23 DEMARKETING SUPPLY AND DEMAND Awareness Prevention Protection Prosecution Victim Assistance hotline number

24 Oprah sent a letter to each of her U.S. Senators and one to her congressman urging them to acknowledge this tragedy and make stopping child sex trafficking a top priority.

25 U.S. Counter-trafficking Current Efforts Congress passed legislation Americans prosecuted for sexually preying on children abroad sentenced to 30 years in prison. Department of Justice focused on increasing victims rescued and number of prosecutions/ convictions of traffickers. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) certifying trafficking victims to qualify for the same assistance available to refugees. HHS running a major public awareness campaign to alert victims in the U.S. help hotline number DOD implemented a zero-tolerance stand against any actions by Defense personnel that contribute to human trafficking. DOL, Homeland Security, USAID, and other government agencies are executing action plans to combat humantrafficking.

26 U. S. Efforts in 2005


28 Recommendations Gain a Better Understanding of the Magnitude Create Awareness Campaigns Emphasize Indicators of Human Trafficking Educate “The Good Neighbor” Policy Promote private organizations in rescuing and caring for victims Encourage Congress to continue to pass strong legislation to put Traffickers/Recruiters in Prison Create De-marketing Campaigns Name & Shame companies and businesses involved in any form of human trafficking. Educate public on “evils of slavery” and global impact Expose criminal rings and how they operate

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