Presentation on theme: "Sexual Exploitation in United States of America By Ron Hampton"— Presentation transcript:
1Sexual Exploitation in United States of America By Ron Hampton HUMAN TRAFFICKINGSexual Exploitation in United States of AmericaByRon Hampton
2OVERVIEW Human Trafficking Market in U.S. Video Based on True Lives Traffickers & RecruitersDe-marketing Supply & DemandCounter-trafficking Recommendations
3What is Human Trafficking? Multi-dimensional threatIt deprives people of their human rights and freedomsIt is a global health riskFuels the growth of organized crime.Human trafficking is a multi-dimensional threat: it deprives people of their human rights This UGLY PHENOMENON has a Devastating impact on individual victims, who often suffer physical and emotional abuse, rape, threats against self and family, passport theft, and even death.Annually, about 600,000 to 800,000 people -- mostly women and children -- are trafficked across national borders which does not count millions trafficked within their own countries.Impact of human trafficking goes beyond individual victims; it undermines the safety and security of all nations it touches.Human trafficking is a multi-dimensional threat: it deprives people of their human rights and freedoms, it is a global health risk, and it fuels the growth of organized crime.Devastating impact on individual victims, who often suffer physical and emotional abuse, rape, threats against self and family, passport theft, and even death.
4What is Human Trafficking? “Trafficking in persons” shall mean the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labor or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs. The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of a child for the purpose of exploitation shall be considered “trafficking in persons” even if this does not involve any of the means set forth of this article.Source: United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime,Supplemental Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking inPersons, Especially Women and Children
5Forced Labor Prevalent Major Sectors of U.S. Economy PROSTITUTION (46%)DOMESTIC SERVICE (27%)AGRICULTURE (10%)SWEATSHOP FACTORY (5%)
6Prostitution & Slavery Countries where legalized or tolerated:1. Fuels the growth2. Greater DEMAND – nearly always an increase in number of women and children trafficked into commercial slavery.Studies have shown, where prostitution is legalized it fuels the growth of modern-day slavery by providing a façade behind which traffickers for sexual exploitation operate.
8Movement Zones:1. Source2. Transit3. Arrival4. Movement in U.S.
9LIFETIME VIDEO CLIP HUMAN TRAFFICKING PlayBased on thousands of true stories.
10Bought and Sold in the 21st Century -HUMAN commerce rivals ILLEGAL DRUG and ARMS TRAFFICKING commerce-Continues to grow as the U.S. Government PASSES ground-breaking legislation!National Underground Railroad Freedom Center
11UGLY PHENOMENON DRUGS AND WEAPONS CAN ONLY BE SOLD ONE TIME, WOMEN, and CHILDREN CAN BE SOLD EVERY DAY, OVER AND OVER………………..
12Sexual Slavery Economic reasons Deceived and lured by traffickers 150,000 foreign victims currently enslaved17,500 NEW victims every yearComing from all over the world
14Legal/Illegal foreign-borns reside in Eastern & Western parts of U.S. A detailed regional population distribution chartEspecially in California (9 million) and New York (4 million).
15Traffickers Driven by the extremely high profit margins Use various recruitment methodsPrey on the women’s desire to help their familiesNational Public Radio 'Morning Edition' reported in August 2000She was supposed to meet her
16TRAFFICKERS & RECRUITERS As the Supply and Demand Chain is being built, driven by the extremely high profits,the NETWORK which links the SUPPLYwith the DEMAND has also been built —they are ……TRAFFICKERS & RECRUITERS
17Marketing the Product RUSSIAN WEBSITES: In English advertising,“Cheap women, you can fit three in a room, they'll serve 10 men a night"Another in Russian saying,“Great jobs overseas, have your own apartment, don't pay for anything".Russian websites with one advert in English reading,- ---
18SUPPLY & DEMAND“Stopping this abuse requires going after the criminal gangs who SUPPLY the sexual predators.But we cannot put them out of business until and unless we deal with the problem of DEMAND. And so that's why we are going after the unscrupulous adults who prey on the young and the innocent.“President George W. Bush, speaking at theNational Training Conference onHUMAN TRAFFICKING, July 16, 2004
19“TIP” REPORTThe U.S. State Department's annual "Trafficking in Persons" Report looks at human trafficking activity around the world and divides countries into a "tier" systems.looks at human trafficking activity around the world and divides countries into a "tier" systems.
202005 TIP REPORT“Serves to expose these despicable aspects of trafficking.It provokes, lauds, and challenges countries including the United States.”Secretary of State Condaleeza RiceU.S.
21U.S. State Department's Annual "Trafficking in Persons" Report "Tier 1" countries as those whose governments comply fully with Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000."Tier 2" countries do not fully comply with the act but are making "significant progress" toward compliance."Tier 3" countries do not comply and are not making efforts to do so.Tier 1: Countries that fully comply.Tier 2 Watch List: Countries requiring special scrutiny because of a high or significantly increasing number of victims; failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat trafficking in persons. Countries that do not fully comply but are making significant efforts.Tier 3: Countries that neither satisfy the minimum standards nor demonstrate a significant effort to come into compliance.
22U.S. Report Assesses Human Trafficking Map highlights the countries listed as "Tier 3" in the years the State Department has released the reportMap highlights the countries listed as "Tier 3" in the years the State Department has released the report
23DEMARKETING SUPPLY AND DEMAND AwarenessPreventionProtectionProsecutionVictim Assistancehotline number-Dangers of trafficking-Improve and expand educational and economic opportunities to Vulnerable groups.-Promote equal access to education – legal rights.-Create better life opportunities
24Oprah sent a letter to each of her U. S Oprah sent a letter to each of her U.S. Senators and one to her congressman urging them to acknowledge this tragedy and make stopping child sex trafficking a top priority.Her website provided a boiler plate letter for people to copy and send to their congressmen and senators.
25U.S. Counter-trafficking Current Efforts Congress passed legislation Americans prosecutedfor sexually preying on children abroad sentencedto 30 years in prison.Department of Justice focused on increasing victimsrescued and number of prosecutions/ convictions of traffickers.Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) certifying trafficking victims to qualify for the same assistance available to refugees.HHS running a major public awareness campaign to alert victims in the U.S. help hotline numberDOD implemented a zero-tolerance stand against any actions by Defense personnel that contribute to human trafficking.DOL, Homeland Security, USAID, and other government agencies are executing action plans to combat humantrafficking.(Needs to be shortened and simplified also)
28Recommendations Gain a Better Understanding of the Magnitude Create Awareness CampaignsEmphasize Indicators of Human TraffickingEducate “The Good Neighbor” PolicyPromote private organizations in rescuing and caring for victimsEncourage Congress to continue to pass strong legislation to put Traffickers/Recruiters in PrisonCreate De-marketing CampaignsName & Shame companies and businesses involved in any form of human trafficking.Educate public on “evils of slavery” and global impactExpose criminal rings and how they operate