Presentation on theme: "The Movement to End Slavery 13.4. Abolition Movement to end slavery on moral grounds Some called for immediate emancipation (freedom), others for gradual."— Presentation transcript:
The Movement to End Slavery 13.4
Abolition Movement to end slavery on moral grounds Some called for immediate emancipation (freedom), others for gradual. Abolitionists had different views –Some supported freedom, but not equality for Blacks
By 1833 & 1848, Both Britain & France had outlawed Slavery
Colonization Movement Short lived movement to send free-blacks to Africa Many blacks rejected it, feeling that they should have a share in America’s wealth.
Northern Abolitionists Anti-Slavery speeches, newspapers, & literature William Lloyd Garrison: founder of the American Anti-Slavery Society, –Published the Liberator –Allowed Women a major role = caused a split
Abby Kelley Foster
Grimké Sisters 2 White southern abolitionists who wrote famous essays against slavery
African American Voices Most powerful Anti-Slavery activists Many former slaves wrote narratives & went on speaking tours.
Frederick Douglass Most famous Black Abolitionist Wrote 4 autobiographies, became world renown The North Star
The Underground Railroad Network of individuals & safe-houses that helped runaway slaves escape to free Canada. Harriet Tubman :most famous “conductor,” helped up to 300 slaves escape
Slavery had many Supporters Slaves were seen as property, not people The Bible & ancient Greece/Rome has many examples of slavery Many northerners supported it for racist & economic reasons
Mobs often attacked abolitionists Southern writer George Fitzhugh –slavery was necessary for the black race –they lived better than northern wage- earners