Presentation on theme: "A HISTORY OF SLAVERY IN THE NEW WORLD. Slavery Timeline 1472 - Portuguese negotiate the first slave trade for gold and ivory 1503 – Spanish and Portuguese."— Presentation transcript:
A HISTORY OF SLAVERY IN THE NEW WORLD
Slavery Timeline Portuguese negotiate the first slave trade for gold and ivory 1503 – Spanish and Portuguese bring Africans to the Caribbean to replace the Indians working in the gold mines.
1610 – The Dutch brought slaves to the New World. 1619 – The Dutch bring slaves to Jamestown, Virginia 1641 – Massachusetts recognizes slavery as a legal practice (1641 Body of Liberties) 1651 – Rhode Island declares that a slave must be set free after serving ten years of service. 1663 – A Virginia court establishes that the child of a slave is also a slave.
1671 – The Quakers start the first abolitionist (anti-slavery) society. 1672 – The King of England encourage the slave trade by creating the Royal African Company to expand slavery. 1676 – Slavery is banned in the Quaker dominated area of West New Jersey. 1730 – Boston, New York, and Charleston become the largest slave trade ports. 1750 – Georgia is the last colony to legalize slavery.
1775 – Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Paine, and Benjamin Rush and others form the Society for the Abolition of Slavery in Philadelphia. 1780 – Slavery outlawed in Pennsylvania 1787 – The Northwest Ordinance outlaws slavery in the newly created territories. 1787 – The 3/5 th Compromise allows the south to count 3 out of every 5 slaves for representation. 1787 – Rhode Island outlaws slavery
1791 – The French slaves on Haiti rebel and gain freedom. Many flee the Caribbean and move to Philadelphia. Haiti becomes the first independent “black” country in the Americas. 1791 – The Cotton Gin by Eli Whitney increases the need for more slaves in the southern colonies. 1794 – Congress passes a law forbidding slaves to be transported from American ports. 1797 – First black petition to congress protesting North Carolina turning blacks set free during the American Revolution back into slaves.
1807 – British Parliament outlaws the slave trade. 1808 – The United States Congress outlaws participation in slave trading. 1820 – Missouri Compromise allows Missouri to enter the union as a slave state but Maine would be a free state. 1824 – many free blacks leave America to Liberia, Africa to establish a new nation. 1824 – The first segregated schools open for black students in Philadelphia.
1830’s – Ohio’s “Black Laws” restricting the freedom of free blacks sends many into Canada. “The Liberator” is the most widely published anti slavery newspaper in the United States. 1834 – Great Britain abolishes slavery throughout the British Empire. 1837 – The beginnings of the first black colleges develop.
1838 – Riots occur in Philadelphia among white workers that fear blacks will take their jobs. 1839 – Pope Gregory XVI condemns slavery and the slave trade. 1846 – The war with Mexico increases the size of America and the issue of slavery expanding west. 1848 – The Free Soil Party is organized to stop the spread of slavery into the newly acquired territories. 1848 – France abolishes slavery
1849 – Harriet Tubman escapes slavery and helps many other slaves escape to the north through the underground railroad. 1850 – The Compromise of 1850 compels all citizens to return runaway slaves into the authorities. 1852 – Congress repels the Missouri Compromise opening slavery in the western territories. Kansas is divided and pro and anti slave forces battle often (bleeding Kansas).
1857 – The Dred Scott Decision in the Supreme Court rules that blacks have no citizenship rights free or enslaved. 1861 – Abraham Lincoln is elected President and the southern states succeed from the union. The Civil War begins. 1863 – The Emancipation Proclamation frees all slaves in Confederate held territory. 1864 – Congress rules that black soldiers must receive equal pay.
1865 – The 13 th Amendment to the Constitution abolishes slavery in the United States. The Ku Klux Klan is formed in the south. 1868 – The 14 th Amendment is ratified making blacks citizens. 1870 – The 15 th Amendment allows black men the right to vote. 1870 – Joseph H. Rainey is the first black to serve in the United States Congress. During reconstruction 22 blacks will serve in the House of Representatives.
1875 – The Civil Rights Act of 1875 protects all Americans regardless of race. 1896 – Plessey vs. Ferguson Supreme Court ruling states that blacks and whites can be separated in schools as long as blacks have equal access to an education. 1909 – Establishment of the N.A.A.C.P (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People).
1936 – Thurgood Marshal becomes the first black to serve on the Supreme Court. 1946 – President Truman issues Executive Order 9808 to ensure all Americans have civil rights and orders the military to ensure that civil rights are not being denied. 1954 – Brown vs. Board Supreme Court decision declares that segregation in public schools is illegal. 1968 – Assassination of Martin Luther King leading to massive riots. 2008 – The first black President is elected