Presentation on theme: "US History Note Page 19 “ Long Term Causes of Civil War” - By Morgan J. Burris & Jenny Strader Things are being set in motion… The Gears are moving…"— Presentation transcript:
US History Note Page 19 “ Long Term Causes of Civil War” - By Morgan J. Burris & Jenny Strader Things are being set in motion… The Gears are moving…
-Federalism -system of multiple governments in order to give more localized decision making power -10th Amendment -all powers not given to the federal government are reserved for the states and people. State’s Rights
Slavery Pro-slavery – South! Necessary Evil for the economy. Anti-slavery – North, takes jobs from free Whites! Opposed growth of slavery – Okay in South but don’t expand into West!
Nullification -Sedition Acts -Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions -Tariff laws 1828 Tariff Crisis – South Car. -Slavery issues -southern threats to nullify any anti-slavery laws
Sectionalism Issues become more and more regional in nature Slavery, tariffs, economics Industrial north – Needs southern cotton for factories! Agricultural south – Cotton dominates the economy!
Compromise of 1820 -drew a line to determine the future areas of slavery - solved the slavery debate for about 20 years
Compromise of 1850 -Wilmot Proviso tried to block slavery in old Mexican areas but is defeated in Congress California applies for statehood Debate begins and Henry Clay organizes compromise California admitted as free state South gets stronger Fugitive Slave Law Popular Sovereignty to help decide future cases of slavery
Underground Railroad -Many early attempts at escape relied on luck & help from others! -Network of anti-slavery advocates who helped slaves escape (barns, remote farmhouses, cellars.) -Many times slaves needed to get to Canada to be totally free. -Harriet Tubman – Most famous conductor, most wanted woman in America!
Fugitive Slave Law o Allowed slave catchers to go into free areas and capture runaway slaves o Made it a crime to help any runaway o Suspected slaves need not be given a trial or a chance to testify o Law angered Northern abolitionists o Law eased Southern fears of anti-slavery reforms.
Who Said it? Can we as a nation continue together permanently – forever – half slave and Half free? “There’s two things I got a right to and these Are Death and Liberty. One or the other I mean to have.” - Abraham Lincoln - Harriet Tubman
“Abolition and the Union cannot coexist. As the friend of the Union I openly proclaim it, - and the sooner it is known the better. The former may now be controlled, but in a short time it will be beyond the power of man to arrest the course of events. We of the South will not, cannot, surrender our institutions.” - John C. Calhoun, SC
Use the rest of today to work on Causes of the Civil War: Vocab It is Due Wednesday Use the Red Book Glossary
US History Note Page 19 “ Long Term Causes of Civil War”