Presentation on theme: "9/23 Focus: Important Terms Do Now:"— Presentation transcript:
1 9/23 Focus: Important Terms Do Now: In the late 1700’s, enlightenment and revolutionary ideas spread from Europe and the United States to Latin America.Important TermsNationalism, CreolesDo Now:Identify two effects of the French Revolution and Napoleon on Europe?
3 European nations had established colonies in Latin America Colonies began to rebel in the early 1800’s
4 Influences on Latin American Revolutions Toussaint L’OuvertureEnlightenment IdeasHaitiIndependence movementsInLatin AmericaSuccess of American and French RevolutionsMexicoMiguelHidalgoSouth AmericaNationalismSimon BolivarJose de San Martin
7 Spread of Revolutionary Ideas Educated Creoles read works of Enlightenment writersLocke, Voltaire, Montesquieu, RousseauSuccess of American Revolution showed foreign rule could be overthrownInspired by ideas of the French Revolution
8 Impact of Nationalism Nationalism? Feeling of pride or devotion to one's nationNationalism often develops when a group is under control of foreign nation
9 Haiti French colony became the first Latin American colony to rebel Had large sugar plantations worked by African slavesMulattoes had few rights
10 Toussaint L’ Overturelead a successful revolt against French control of HaitiSelf educated, former slavefamiliar with enlightenment ideasCapable military leaderHaitian slaves won their freedom in 1798
11 Toussaint L’ Overture Napoleon had sent French troops to retake Haiti French attempts to retake Haiti failedToussaint was captured and sent back to FranceDied in a prison in the AlpsHaiti becomes first independent Latin American nationJan 1804Became a republic in 1820Inspired other Latin American colonies to rebel
12 ClosureWhat role did Toussaint L’ Overture in encouraging revolutions in Latin America?
13 9/24 Focus: Important Terms Do Now: Latin Leaders such as Toussaint L’ Ouverture, Simon Bolivar, and Jose de San Martin led popular movements to overthrow European rule.Important TermsLiberationDo Now:Which social class in the Spanish class system was most familiar with enlightenment ideas?
15 Miguel Hidalgo Mexican priest Began a 11 year revolution against Spanish rule in Mexico in 1810Hidalgo defeated in 1811Jose Morelos and others continue the fightMexico gains independence in 1821“My friends and countrymen neither the king nor tributes exist for us any longer. We have borne this shameful tax, which only suits slaves, for three centuries as a sign of tyranny and servitude: [a] terrible stain which we shall know how to wash away with our efforts. The moment of our freedom has arrived, the hour of our liberty has struck; and if you recognized its great value, you will help me defend it from the ambitious grasp of the tyrants.
16 Creoles Call for Independence Napoleon conquered Spain and made his brother King (1808)Creoles in Latin American colonies refused to support non-Spanish rulerEnlightenment idea?Consent of the Governed- John LockeRevolutions broke out in several Spanish colonies in Latin America (1810)
17 Simon Bolivar Educated creole Inspired by enlightenment and American and French RevolutionsLed independence movements against Spanish rule in South AmericaNicknamed the “liberator”
18 Simon Bolivar Led military campaign that won independence for: VenezuelaColumbiaEcuadorPeruBolivia
19 Jose de San Martin Joined forces with Bolivar Defeated Spanish in Argentina and Chile
20 Formation of New Nations Bolivar was unsuccessful in creating a united Latin American stateGran ColumbiaFormer Spanish colonies divided into separate independent states