Presentation on theme: "Development and Implementation of Northern Voices, Northern Waters: NWT Water Stewardship Strategy Slave River and Delta Partnership, CWN Workshop, December."— Presentation transcript:
Development and Implementation of Northern Voices, Northern Waters: NWT Water Stewardship Strategy Slave River and Delta Partnership, CWN Workshop, December 2012 Photo credit: T. Dwyer Photo credit: T Dwyer
Northern Voices, Northern Waters Northerners expressed concerns about their water, which they use for transportation, subsistence, spiritual, cultural and economic purposes, etc. Collaborative efforts of Aboriginal leadership, communities, governments, regulatory boards, environmental non-government organizations and industry, resulted in a draft Strategy (2009) Public feedback on the document was sought with the guidance of the Aboriginal Steering Committee (7 Aboriginal governments, AANDC and GNWT)
NWT Water Stewardship Strategy Vision: The waters of the Northwest Territories will remain clean, abundant, and productive for all time. Working together: This strategy stresses the need for water partners to work together and share ideas and knowledge to make sound decisions about responsible water use. Released in May 2010
The Action Plan ‘Keys to Success’ outlined in the Strategy are broken down into Action Items Deliverable dates and lead agencies for each Action Item are identified Released in May 2011
Keys to Success (High Level Objectives) Community-Based Monitoring Develop community capacity to strengthen community involvement in water stewardship activities, including education, training, and research and monitoring programs. Develop and implement collaborative ecosystem-based research and monitoring programs.
Slave River and Delta Partnership (SRDP) Community concerns about the health of fish were brought forward to ENR during Fall 2010
Slave River and Delta Partnership (SRDP) Conference calls with communities, Aboriginal governments and organizations, territorial and federal governments, and researchers to answer the following questions (Oct-Nov 2010): What has been done before? What is being done now? Who is doing what? What do communities want to do in the future? How can we work together?
Who’s involved in the SRDP? Deninu K’ue First Nation Fort Resolution & Fort Smith Métis Councils Members of: Town of Fort Smith Hamlet of Fort Resolution
Aquatic ecosystem health indicators workshop (Fort Smith, January 2011) Participants identified concerns about potential effects of upstream development (oil sands development, hydro, forestry/pulp and paper, conventional oil and gas, municipal, climate change, agriculture, historic development (old military sites, uranium mining, transportation of uranium ore) and cumulative effects) Can we drink the water? Can we eat the fish? Is the ecosystem healthy? Slave River and Delta Partnership (SRDP) Objectives
Slave River and Delta Partnership CIMP Project State of the Knowledge Report completed What we know Vulnerability Assessment and Prioritization Workshop completed What we don’t know What we want to know What we want to work on first Slave River and Delta Partnership (SRDP) Objectives Cost effective, community-based cumulative effects monitoring program that addresses community concerns which other northern communities could choose to implement in the future.
Canadian Water Network CWN and GNWT Workshop (June 2012) - monitoring experts and local and Aboriginal representatives provided input on developing an Aboriginal-led community-based cumulative effects monitoring program for the NWT, using the Slave River as a pilot program Based on the SRDP Vulnerability Assessment (Community Priority Questions) Research teams must include experts on Hydrology, Water Quality, Fish and Benthic Invertebrates, Human Dimensions of Aquatic Ecosystem Change and Community-Based Monitoring SRDP and science experts have reviewed EoQ’s Full proposals to be developed after December Workshop in Yellowknife Slave River and Delta Partnership (SRDP)
Community Expectations for A Community-Based Cumulative Effects Monitoring Program A program that focuses on community concerns, answers community questions and meets community needs Collaborative, inclusive and participatory - meaningful community involvement at all stages in the project Researchers will work with the SRDP to design the monitoring program A program that is cost-effective and designed for long-term community monitoring Clear linkages between the four theme areas “no more science for the sake of science”
Meaningful Involvement Clear indication of the role that the SRDP and communities and Aboriginal organizations will play in all parts of the research How involved at all stages How researchers will work with the SRDP to design the program and individual segments within it Must include all community groups – not just one segment of the community
Clear strategy for communicating and reporting results Problems in the past with communities getting information and results SRDP and communities need to be informed throughout SRDP operating practice: Communities get results first Multiple forms of communication
Training and capacity-building Meaningful strategy for training opportunities and capacity- building ‘not just hiring someone to drive a boat’ Working with local community members during project design, field work, and at other stages Must include opportunities for all groups – not just one segment Description/plan for outreach activities
Inclusion of Traditional and Local Knowledge Improvement on the inclusion of Traditional Knowledge in a meaningful way and clear understanding to how this will be accomplished Communities are the TK holders and scientists should work with community partners to determine how to involve TK TK protocols Community protocols GNWT’s TK Policy
Best Practices for Incorporating TK GNWT TK Best Practices Summary outlines 11 Key Elements of Best Practice for gathering and applying TK in the north. Understand and Acknowledge the Value of TK Establish and Apply Appropriate Definitions of TK Ensure the Protection of Sensitive Information Adhere to Community-Based Protocols Ensure Community Engagement
Best Practices con’t Ensure Informed Consent Ensure Local Ownership and Control of Information Interpret and Present TK in the Appropriate Cultural Context Provide Benefits for the Use of TK Follow Formal Research Licensing Guidelines Establish Clear Communication and Reporting Links
Leveraging funding and resources Identified opportunities for additional leveraged funds and in-kind support Equipment for community use Value-added components
Overview of Past Research Concerns Did not answer questions from the community Limited if any community involvement in development or implementation of research Community does not want to just be the boat driver Can provide valuable information on how and where to sample Results not communicated to community If they were communicated, it was not done in an accessible way Limited if any opportunities for training, capacity building and education Improper inclusion of Local and Traditional Knowledge Slave River and Delta Partnership (SRDP)
Opportunities for support from GNWT and SRDP member organizations Coordination Community Relations Communications and plain language Inclusion of Local and Traditional Knowledge Advice/comments on future funding proposals Support for CWN/SRDP work Logistical support/advice Support for permits and understanding northern research requirements Etc. Slave River and Delta Partnership (SRDP)
Other Community-Based Monitoring Initiatives Monitoring Equipment YSI sondes, YSI hand-held meters, GPS units, waterproof digital cameras, passive samplers (DGTs and PMDS) Training/Capacity Building YSI training (courses, videos, plain language instructions) Fish sampling techniques Identifying Possible Funding Sources Calendar released in January 2012
Slave River and Delta Partnership Studies Fish Health Study (University of Saskatchewan and DFO) Slave River Delta Lake Sediment Core Study (WLU/Waterloo) Beaver, muskrat, mink study (CIMP) * findings released to the community first Slave River and Delta Partnership (SRDP)
Funded for furbearer (muskrat, mink and beaver) population and contaminants project in 2012 (1 st priority from Vulnerability Assessment) Harvest data over time for southern NWT communities is being gathered from GNWT databases and Hudson Bay records, etc. Plans are in place for a community-based survey program when ice is safe for travel and again in the spring contaminant samples, population and mortality information Slave River and Delta Partnership (SRDP)
AANDC Slave River Water Quality and Quantity Report AANDC recently released a report on 35 years of Slave River water quality and quantity information Results on seasonal assessment of water quality and quantity trends Environment Canada released a report (Glozier) on water quality on the Slave, Athabasca and Peace Rivers Conducting additional monitoring under the joint Canada-Alberta Oil Sands Monitoring Program
Monitoring equipment that measures what is happening at the time of sampling YSI Sonde 6600 – every 2- 4 hours Measures: Temperature, Conductivity, pH, Oxidation/Reduction Potential (ORP), Dissolved Oxygen, Turbidity, Chlorophyll Grab Water Samples – 3 to 5 times Measures: Many water parameters Taiga Laboratory, Yellowknife
Pisces @ Slave River/Delta near Fort Resolution Weather Station measures wind direction, wind speed, air temperature and barometric pressure Equipped with a sonde Pisces takes samples at two different depths every two hours that are then sampled by the sonde
Grab Water Sample Data Basic Parameters Turbidity Total Dissolved Solids Total Suspended Solids Specific Conductivity pH Alkalinity Dissolved Organic Carbon Total Organic Carbon Nitrate Ions Calcium Chloride Fluoride Magnesium Nutrients Dissolved Phosphorus Total Phosphorus Dissolved Nitrogen Total Nitrogen Ammonia Nitrite Chlorophyll a Potassium Sodium Sulphate Dissolved and Particulate Elements/Metals Aluminum Antimony Arsenic Barium Beryllium Cadmium Cesium Chromium Cobalt Copper Iron Lead Lithium Oil and Gas related chemicals Manganese Mercury Molybdenum Nickel Rubidium Selenium Silver Strontium Thallium Titanium Uranium Vanadium Zinc Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds (Hydrocarbons)
Monitoring equipment that measures what is happening over a longer time period Passive Samplers Diffusion Gradient in Thin Films (DGTs) – 3 days Measures: Dissolved Metals Trent University, Peterborough Polyethylene Membrane Device (PMDs) – 1 month Measures: Dissolved Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PACs) University Alberta, Edmonton
Summer Deployment Plan Working collaboratively with AANDC (Andrea Czarnecki & Juanetta Sanderson) and Dehcho AAROM (George Low). 13 sondes in the water this summer during the ice free season: 2 on the Slave 1 each on the Hay, and Peel Rivers 7 on the Mackenzie from Providence to Inuvik. 2 in Trout Lake PMD and DGT samplers will also be deployed at each YSI Sonde location.
Erin Kelly Manager, Watershed Programs & Partnerships Jennifer Fresque-Baxter Watershed Management Advisor Land & Water Division Environment & Natural Resources Government of the Northwest Territories For more information about the NWT Water Stewardship Strategy and the Action Plan, visit the ENR website. Coming soon www.nwtwaterstewardship.ca!