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The Atlantic Slave Trade Beginning around 1500 ending around 1870.

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Presentation on theme: "The Atlantic Slave Trade Beginning around 1500 ending around 1870."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Atlantic Slave Trade Beginning around 1500 ending around 1870

2 Europeans imported close to million Africans to the Americas Why? Looking for source of to work on Ecomienda system ended in 1542 – many natives died from and treatment on plantations 10 CHEAP LABOR DISEASESHARSH PLANTATIONS

3 Europeans turned to Africans for a number of reasons: Did not view as Seemed to be immune to European Experienced in hard was similar to Africa’s Less likely to HUMAN DISEASES LABOR CLIMATE ESCAPE

4 Europeans did not seize the slaves- they were African & played a willing role: They enemy tribes and sold them to the Europeans for,, & RULERS MERCHANTS PURCHASED CAPTURED GUNS GOLD GOODS

5 Transatlantic trading network Carried a variety of goods - to America; to Europe to Africa SLAVES RAW MATERIALS TRIANGULAR TRADE: MANUFACTURED GOODS

6 MIDDLE PASSAGE : On the journey from Africa to America of Africans died The voyage was called the MIDDLE PASSAGE – middle leg of a slave’s journey MILLIONS 1. CAPTURED 2. TRANSPORTED 3. SOLD

7 MIDDLE PASSAGE : Conditions on the slave ships were terrible: Not enough OVERCROWDING FOOD WHIPPINGS & BEATINGS

8 MIDDLE PASSAGE : Spread of Roughly % of Africans aboard each ship died during the trip SICKNESS & DISEASES 20

9 EFFECTS OF THE SLAVE TRADE: I. life – grueling work, long hours, little food II.African torn apart – buyers looking for & III.Increased warfare – guns IV. - justified slavery claiming Africans were inferior HARSH FAMILIES YOUNGSTRONG TRIBAL RACISM

10 THE MIDDLE PASSAGE DOCUMENTARY


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