Presentation on theme: "JUST DO IT! Take out your SOL Wrap Up Packets for me to check!"— Presentation transcript:
1 JUST DO IT! Take out your SOL Wrap Up Packets for me to check! Using the packets on your desk and the last page of your notes packet, complete the chart! You may work together!
2 Slavery & Abolition—Women & Reform Session 5: Expansion & The Age of JacksonSections 8.2 & 8.3
3 Objectives Identify key abolitionists Compare urban vs. rural slaves Explain why women’s opportunities were limited in the mid-1800’sIdentify the reform movements that women participated inDescribe the progress of the women’s rights movement
4 Section 8.2 - Slavery & Abolition Main IdeaSlavery became an explosive issue, as Southerners increasingly defended it, while Northerners increasingly attacked it.In addition, the abolition movement gained momentum in attempting to end slavery.
5 Abolitionists Speak Out movement to outlaw slavery that gained momentum in the 1830sWilliam Lloyd GarrisonFrederick DouglassAbolitionist Movement
6 William Lloyd Garrison White abolitionist and newspaper editor in Boston, MassachusettsIn 1831, he began publishing The Liberator, a newspaper that called for immediate, uncompensated, EMANCIPATION (freeing of slaves)In 1833, he started the American Anti-Slavery Society, a group of white and black members who were committed to ending slavery
7 Frederick DouglassAmerican abolitionist and escaped slave from Maryland who became a public speaker for the American Anti-Slavery SocietyEventually published his own newspaper, The Northstar
8 Life Under SlaveryU.S. had 2 million slaves by 1830, and by 1860, the U.S. had 4 million slavesMost slaves had been born in the U.S., spoke English, and worked on plantationsMarriage allowed but not legally protected by law
9 Plantation Slavery Plantation (rural) slavery Slaves worked from dawn until dusk in the fieldsA white overseer or slave driver was placed in charge of work crews to make sure slaves worked throughout the day
10 Urban Slavery Some skilled jobs in cities were opened up for slaves Mill work, shipping, carpentry, blacksmithingSlave owners hired out their slaves to factory owners
12 Stono Rebellion(1739) – 20 slaves in South Carolina tried to escape to Spanish controlled Floridaall were captured and killed, then beheadedSometimes called Cato's ConspiracyStono Rebellion
13 Gabriel Prosser (1800) – plotted to take over Richmond, Virginia Captured and killed
14 Denmark Vesey (1820) – plotted to take over Charleston, South Carolina He and his followers were captured and killed before they rebelled
15 Nat Turner’s Rebellion (1831) – 80 slaves in Virginia attacked several plantations, killing 60 whitesState militia captured Turner and his followersPut on trial, convicted, and hanged
16 Significance of Turner’s Rebellion White on black violence erupted (200 blacks killed)Southern whites determined to defend the institution of slaverySlave Codes – state laws passed to restrict slaves’ activities
17 Section 8.3 - Women and Reform Main IdeaAt the same time the abolitionist and temperance movements grew, another reform movement to give equal rights to women took root.This became known as the women’s suffrage (right to vote) movement.
18 Women’s Roles in the Mid-1800s Cult of Domesticity: dominant idea of the 1800s that married women were restricted to housework and child careNo political rights for women – no right to vote
19 Women’s Roles in the Mid-1800’s Women participated in the:Abolition MovementEducation MovementTemperance Movement
20 Abolition Movement Women active in trying to abolish slavery Women spoke out against slavery, raised money, distributed literature, and collected signatures for petitions to CongressThe abolitionist cause became a powerful spur to other reform causes
21 Education for WomenWomen became active in pushing for more educational opportunities for womenSarah Grimke ran a school for women and wrote Letters on the Equality of Sexes and the Condition of Woman (1838)She was also an abolitionist!Emma Willard opened the The Troy Female Seminary, one of the first academically rigorous schools for girlsOberlin College, in Ohio, submits four women in 1837, becoming the nation’s first coed collegeAfrican American women faced greater obstacles getting an education
22 Temperance MovementWomen became active in Temperance Movement, the effort to prohibit the drinking of alcoholThe American Temperance Society is founded in 1826, and by 1833 there were ~6,000 local temperance societies across the U.S.Held rallies, produced pamphlets, and brought about decline in alcohol consumption
23 Women’s Role in the Mid-1800’s Significance – Participation in these social movements provided women with the opportunity to become active outside of the home, which helped lead to the push for increased rights.
24 Women’s Rights Movement Emerges Elizabeth Cady StantonSeneca Falls ConventionSusan B. Anthony
25 Elizabeth Cady Stanton Attended an anti-slavery convention in Great Britain, the World’s Anti- Slavery Convention in 1840, where women were discriminated againstDecided to form a women’s rights convention and establish a women’s rights movement
26 World Anti-Slavery Convention, 1840 William Lloyd Garrison
27 Seneca Falls Convention The Seneca Falls Convention (1848) was a women’s right convention held by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia MottWomen there drafted the Declaration of Sentiments to call for increased women’s rights including the right to voteBased on the Declaration of Independence“We hold these truths to be self- evident: that all men and women are created equal.”
28 Susan B. AnthonyBecame a leading advocate for women’s suffrage in the mid to late 1800sAlong with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, founded NAWSA, (National American Woman Suffrage Association) in 1890
29 Homework: Entire SOL Wrap Up Packet Due! Complete Summary and Questions sections of notes!