Europeans had been taking African slaves since the 14 th century, mainly for the rich. 17 th Century, the Church supported it. As Europeans settled, natives died of disease. The settlers needed greater manpower. By 1540, 10000 slaves per year imported
Obviously not, but how did they (particularly the British) accumulate this plethora of slaves?
15 million from 1540-1850 Only about half who made it were productive. (many had died of smallpox, dysentery, or suicide)
Why was the slave trade so popular? In 17 th century, a European could purchase an African slave for $25. In America, that same slave would be worth $150. When the slave trade became illegal, prices soared.
Came from the West Indies. Philadelphia, Richmond, Charleston and New Orleans were major slave- trading cities.
Death rate amongst slaves was high. Women were expected reproducing at the age of 13, by 20, she was expected to have 4-5 children.
Slavery declined in Spanish America. Brazil and the West Indies, it increased due to the demand of _____________. During the 1 st 4 centuries, more slaves came to Americas than did free European settlers.
In English colonies, slaves converted to _____________ In French, Spanish, and Portuguese colonies, they converted to _________
Emancipation Proclamation 1863 British made selling of slaves illegal in 1807. Brazil made the selling of slaves illegal in 1888.