Presentation on theme: "The Arabs started the trading of slaves.. It was the forced migration of millions of Africans to a new land and treated as merchandise."— Presentation transcript:
The Arabs started the trading of slaves.
It was the forced migration of millions of Africans to a new land and treated as merchandise.
It started in the 5 th century C.E. and ended in 1750 A.D.
The New World.
Slavery happened because people of that time want to have cheap labor and make money off of it.
The British won the right to trade slaves after beating Spain. The Portuguese set up ports around the coast of Africa and paid African bounty hunters to round up slaves for them.
It was supplied with a crop for export to distant European markets, but often did not grow its own food; it was completely reliant on international trade for points and for necessities Political control over the system lay on another continent and in another kind of society Its organization, the sugar plantation, was a forerunner of factory labor The owners held “feudal” legal rights over the workers Up to 1865 the entire import of Africans to Spanish America was 1,552,000 with 702,000 going to Cuba For the entire period from 1640 to 1807 (when the British outlawed the slave trade) Curtin estimated 1,665,000 people were imported as slaves to the British West Indies
Curtin estimated 1,600,2000 were imported between 1664 and 1838
Plantation Self-sufficient farms Plantations are areas were slave owners force there slaves to work for them with out pay. Self-sufficient farms are areas were the farmers works by there selves. They force the slaves to pick stuff like cotton, corn, tobacco, and sugar. The farmer does the planting and all the labor. The owner does this so he can make money and get rich. In this farm there are no slaves just the farmer and his family. Plantations are located in areas like modern day Haiti, Dominican republic, and brazil. Self-sufficient farms were rare through out Europe. There was a lot of plantations because people than figured it was easier to force someone to work for the slave owners. There wasn’t much farms cause it was hard labor to farm by there selves.
Trans-AtlanticEuropean surfdom Slaves usually traveled with their owners. The serfs were owned by the land not the owner. The slaves lived in the houses and on the land that was provided for them. The owner did not need to bring in any slave or person the were already serfs there. Many people sold themselves into serfdom. The owner of the land was paid for every serf they had.
Trans-AtlanticSpanish encomienda Owners used slaves to make money through growing crops and selling slaves. Used slaves to make money through taxes. Brought slaves from Africa to work.Used Indians already there to work. Had a long lasting impact on slave descendents. Worked slaves to death. Plantations had many slaves.Didn’t receive a lot of money from slave work. Had a secondary goal of converting slaves into Christians. Had haciendas which had slaves and indentured servants.