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Why did people support the slave trade and how did they benefit? L/O – To discover who benefited from the slave trade and to identify the arguments used.

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Presentation on theme: "Why did people support the slave trade and how did they benefit? L/O – To discover who benefited from the slave trade and to identify the arguments used."— Presentation transcript:

1 Why did people support the slave trade and how did they benefit? L/O – To discover who benefited from the slave trade and to identify the arguments used to defend it Starter – Which groups of people profited from the Slave Trade? Think about what was brought and sold

2 The Clarkson Challenge devote the rest of his life stop it many supporters Thomas Clarkson became so angry about the slave trade that he decided to devote the rest of his life to trying to stop it. He faced a real challenge as the slave trade had many supporters. collect evidence persuade people should be abolished Your challenge over the next few lessons is to collect evidence as you travel with Thomas Clarkson that will persuade people living at the time that the slave trade should be abolished.

3 The Clarkson Challenge Quakers campaigningend to slavery As Clarkson continued his research into the slave trade he met Quakers and others who were already campaigning for an end to slavery. national campaign May 1787 Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade’ Clarkson saw that a national campaign was needed. In May 1787 the ‘Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade’ was formed. impossible task accepted slavery completely normal extremely well However, Clarkson and his fellow campaigners faced an almost impossible task. Nearly everyone in Britain accepted slavery as completely normal. Furthermore, lots of people were doing extremely well from the slave trade. How could Clarkson stop the slave trade? What would he have to do? How could Clarkson stop the slave trade? What would he have to do?

4 Clarkson’s Responsibilities 1.Researcher/Investigator Clarkson had to collect as much evidence as possible to prove how badly slaves were treated. His research could then be used by William Wilberforce, another anti-slavery campaigner, in Parliament to raise awareness of the horrors of the slave trade 2. Witnesses Clarkson had to find witnesses who would appear before Parliament. Very few people were willing to give evidence against the slave trade as they thought it might put their own lives in danger

5 Clarkson’s Responsibilities 3. Persuasive writer and speaker Clarkson had to prepare speeches and pamphlets to persuade people in different parts of the country to support the campaign. Clarkson believed that human beings would always care about the sufferings of others if they knew enough about them. Therefore the way to persuade people to take action against slavery was to expose the truth 4. Pressure Groups Clarkson had to encourage people to form local pressure groups to: Raise money for the cause Send petitions to the government Organise boycotts of goods such as sugar that had been produced by slaves

6 Why was Clarkson’s challenge so difficult? major challenge completely normal Clarkson and his fellow anti- slavery campaigners faced a major challenge. Nearly everyone in Britain, from farm workers to bishops, accepted slavery as completely normal. sugar plantations West Indies valuable colonies £4 million with £1 million The sugar plantations in the West Indies were part of Britain’s most valuable colonies. By the end of the 18 th century, £4 million came into Britain from its West Indian plantations, compared with £1 million from the colonies it controlled in the rest of the world.

7 Why was Clarkson’s challenge so difficult? colonial trade new factories industries In Britain, those who had made much of their wealth from colonial trade built fine mansions and invested in new factories and industries. massive boost economy of towns and cities provided jobs The profits from the slave trade gave a massive boost to the economy of towns and cities throughout the country and provided jobs for tens of thousands of seamen, merchants and shipbuilders.

8 What words would you use to describe the task faced by Clarkson 1. Look at these groups of people who benefited from the slave trade. What words would you use to describe the task faced by Clarkson and others who wanted to abolish slavery? Place the eight groups of people on your hand-outs, with those most to blame at the centre. 2. Which of these groups of people do you think was most to blame for the slave trade? Place the eight groups of people on your hand-outs, with those most to blame at the centre.

9 Know your enemy! even dangerous out to stop him Clarkson’s work was difficult, even dangerous. Powerful people made lots of money from the slave trade and were out to stop him. arguments challenge them Clarkson needed to know the arguments they used to defend the slave trade before he could challenge them. Answer questions 1-3 on your hand-outs Answer questions 1-3 on your hand-outs

10 Plenary 1.What did Clarkson do to campaign against the slave trade? 2.What were the benefits of slavery? 3.Which groups of people benefited? 4.Who was most to blame for slavery? 5.What arguments were used to defend slavery? 6.Was greed, ignorance or racism the main reason why people supported slavery? Did we meet our learning objective? L/O – To discover who benefited from the slave trade and to identify the arguments used to defend it


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